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Climatic solutions

The magnetic properties of the selected sedimentary rock at various sea depths allow us to recreate the world climate picture and make predictions for the future

Climatic solutions

Far Eastern scientists explored the Russian water area of ​​the Pacific Ocean and found that many thousands of years ago on the Kolyma and Chukotka grew tropical plants.

Russian Far Eastern scientists and their Chinese colleagues have completed a large-scale project to study sedimentary rocks at the bottom of the Okhotsk, Japan, Bering and Chukchi seas. For three expeditions, they selected a unique material, studying which they draw conclusions about how the climate was half a million years ago. Scientists calculate certain patterns of climate change and make predictions for the future.

On the bottom of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk a special tube is immersed. The depth is several kilometers. Gravitational tube on a long cable under the influence of gravity falls and cuts the seabed. Scientists need not just to get to the ground, but also carefully remove 10-12 meters of rock. Such tests they did in all the Far Eastern seas of the country. A Russian-Chinese research vessel fired thousands of kilometers. For three expeditions scientists brought 350 meters of core - rocks from the bottom of the northern seas. He was divided into pieces and will now be studied in the laboratory. According to him, scientists will draw a conclusion, what was the climate of 300-500 thousand years ago.

The fact is that the seabed is practically not exposed to external influences and contains in itself all the secrets of antiquity. But scientists are primarily interested in climatic puzzles. In the laboratory, the magnetic properties of the selected rock are studied at different depths. And already on them draw conclusions, what happened on Earth hundreds of thousands of years ago. For example, the polarity of the geomagnetic field of the earth changed 798 thousand years ago, which led to the death of various animals and plants.

“We can determine what the field was when the polarity sign of the geomagnetic field reversed. At this time, there were various changes. It is still unknown why the mammoths died out. Maybe there was a change of polarity, something happened in the atmosphere, everything changed. Perhaps there were some global changes, ”says Galina Malakhova, a researcher at the SBKNII FEB RAS.

The samples from the sea depths are also studied for the ancient flora and fauna, it also changes over time, not only underwater. So, on the Kolyma and Chukotka, once even grew tropical plants.

"Plants have changed a lot. Here in fact there were ferns and tropical plants. Now, of course, there is nothing of this. But they are found in a fossil form, "explains Claudia Remizovskaya, senior laboratory assistant at the All-Russian Research Institute of Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

But in our time, there should not be any large-scale climate changes. Scientists came to the conclusion that there is a regularity in the onset of warming and cooling. Now in the Russian Far East, the peak of warming, but in twenty years everything will return to the indicators of fifty years ago.

"Probably, it will be even a little colder. Perhaps, as in our 60-ies in Magadan. Then frosts over thirty on the coast of Kolyma were common, now it is a rarity. And there was a lot of snow. We realized that now the interaction of the Pacific with our region, with our seas, is going on, the Atlantic influence is moving through the Arctic Ocean. Through the Bering Strait, water is exchanged. In other words, there is an exchange of thermal parameters of water, and of the atmosphere, "says one of the participants in the study, a leading researcher at the Institute of Experimental Physics of the Far East RAS Mikhail Malakhov.

These conclusions, scientists say, are relevant for the whole world. They study the interaction of the Pacific and Arctic oceans, and it is in many ways creating a world climate picture. So in twenty years on Earth it will get colder, and this trend, as scientists believe, will continue for the next 26 thousand years. Just so much, according to their observations, the period of gradual cooling is lasting, and then on Earth the era of global warming will begin again.

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