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Climate at a discount to Far East

Why the regions of the Far Eastern Federal District are again not all happy with the assessment of the investment climate from the ASI

The next announcement of the results of the National rating of investment climate in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, held at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum in early June of the year 2017, again inevitably stirred the Far East. The SPIEF traditionally refers to the entities that ranked the first 20 places. The rest are dealt cards with their results. Despite the fact that there were no regions of the Far Eastern Federal District in the first twenty, they were not divided again into "lucky ones" and "losers".

Climate at a discount to Far East
Photo: On the photo: the governors of the Khabarovsk Territory and the Amur Region Vyacheslav Shport and Alexander Kozlov. Tass photo / PIEF photobank
The achievements of the two subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District to improve the investment climate were noted by President Vladimir Putin at the plenary session of the SPIEF-2017. "A number of subjects, such as the Moscow and Kaliningrad regions, St. Petersburg, have achieved a sharp qualitative improvement in the business environment. It is pleasant to note that for the first time among the leaders of changes, changes for the better, and our Far Eastern regions are the Khabarovsk Territory and the Amur Region. I appeal to all heads of the Russian regions: you need to constantly increase efforts, open new opportunities for business to successful, free work, "the head of state said.

A direct message from the president in Russia is usually perceived as a guide to action, and his praise is a sign that everything is fine. Moreover, at the SPIEF-2017 presidential aide Andrei Belousov promised that the indicators of subjects in the rating of the investment climate will be included in the integral KPI of governors, which the Kremlin estimates. Therefore, at least in two Far Eastern regions the authorities can be satisfied. The Amur region "flew up" in positions assessing its investment climate, from 78 place to 31. Khabarovsk Territory - from 73 to 40. Growth in the first subject - plus 31 position, growth in the second - plus 33. Both immediately hastened to say: the growth of positions in the national rating is the result of "colossal work" to improve the investment climate that has been implemented in recent years, and it has finally paid off.

At the same time, other subjects of the Far East that did not show such brilliant positive changes were immediately criticized. And the rating itself, too.

The plenipotentiary of the president in the Far Eastern Federal District Yuri Trutnev, who oversees the economic development of the macro-region and as the vice-premier of the Russian government, promptly assembled governors in Vladivostok. He stated: "The Jewish Autonomous Region and the Sakhalin Region, Primorsky Krai" have "sunk" in the places occupied in the rating of the investment climate. Kamchatka Territory - took 68 place. Chukotka entered the rating for the first time. Over the governor of Sakhalin, Oleg Kozhemyako, who had long led the Amur region, Mr. Trutnev even teased: how do you do, Oleg Nikolaevich, do not you take advice from the successor to Governor Alexander Kozlov how to work properly.

The meeting devoted to the positions of the DFO regions in the rating of the investment climate was closed. And after it, Yuri Trutnev said that the conferees, "of course, there are questions to the rating, to the Agency for Strategic Initiatives." ASI, we recall, is the curator of the work to improve the positions of the regions in the national rating of the investment climate. Active participation in the rating is taken by business associations. A survey of entrepreneurs and experts to determine the results is conducted by the All-Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VTsIOM) - in the rating of this year the answers of 400 thousand businessmen from all over Russia were taken into account.

"Well, for example, workplaces created in technoparks are taken into account in the rating, and jobs created in the territories of advanced development are not taken into account. Why? What is the difference? Or does not take into account the work to provide "one hectare". Yes, there are no other territories in the Russian Federation except the Far East, where you can get land for two months. We do not do everything perfectly there either. There is still something to debug. But they do not get land anywhere else for two months. Why are they not taken into account? Therefore, our colleagues promised to look at the methodology, improve it, "Yury Trutnev said. And then he made a reservation: "But that's not the point. With regard to any technique, you can work better. "

The next day, at the plenary session of the Far Eastern Media Summit, the Deputy Prime Minister returned to the topic.

"We talked about this yesterday with the governors," he said with a sigh. - I can say only one simple conclusion. Where governors deal with the investment climate, the investment rating is growing. " At the same time, the vice-premier admitted, "investment rating of regions and investment attractiveness are slightly different things." And when the first is fluctuating in the subjects, the second is steadily growing, he continued: "The Far East passed the first four months of this year with the index 110% of investments in fixed assets, and this is substantially more than in Russia as a whole."

Investments in fixed assets by entities of the Russian Federation for the first quarter of the year 2017

Million rubles
 In% to the 2016st quarter of XNUMX
Far Eastern Federal District
The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
Primorsky Krai
Khabarovsk Krai
Amur Region
Magadan region
Sakhalin Region
The Jewish Autonomous Region
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

Khabarovsk Governor Vyacheslav Shport for the beginning of June was able to share his experience on how to “take off” in national ranking, to a large audience already twice. First, at the SPIEF, and then from the Presidium of the Far Eastern Media Summit plenary session, where he was entrusted to represent all the governors of the Far Eastern Federal District.

Since 2012, when the region "asked for itself" in the "pilot" rating of the investment climate and took 29 place from 30 possible, the governor recalled, all instruments of investment support were created. "The formula is simple: we must take any object and" decompose the molecules into atoms. " Then you will see that in each atom there are neutrons, electrons, they rotate. This is an investor. What does he want? An individual approach, "he explained. "We had to rebuild the brains of the government, we even changed the officials," said Vyacheslav Shport.

The need for a point approach to any investment project is not denied in the Amur Region. For example, the regional ombudsman for the protection of the rights of entrepreneurs Oksana Stepanova Told "Amurskaya Pravda", Commenting on the results of the national rating: "For two years we traveled all over the Amur region, the governor personally took control of the objects that could not be put into operation or receive permits. In the Magdagacha district, the businessman was able to save 13 million rubles. Thanks to the intervention of the power engineering, a power line was built up to its café and hotel on the highway for 2 million rubles, previously the facilities were powered by a diesel power plant. In Skovorodin KFH transferred land from the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. And in Tynda, businessmen were able to build more than seven objects. These are issues that could not be solved for years! That is, we see real things. A lot of work was done thanks to the interaction of business and government. "

But the regions whose positions have not improved, to the rating of the investment climate, there are serious questions. From year to year they are the same: "losers" complain about the incorrectness of the methodology. As you know, only part of the integral assessment of the investment climate is formed at the expense of statistical indicators. The rest is due to telephone interviews of entrepreneurs and experts. And where is the objectivity, traditionally say officials. But ASI governors this time blamed not only on this.

"Rating is really necessary, it is needed. But the methods used to determine the indicators, in our opinion, do not exactly meet the requirements, "said the governor of the Kamchatka Territory Vladimir Ilyukhin after the council at full-time. It is "because the specifics of the regions of the Far East were not taken into account when making the rating," he believes, Kamchatka "in the end was not in the groups that it counted on."

As it turns out, Mr. Ilyukhin has questions practically on each section of the rating: energy and construction have not been evaluated, two very important sectors for the peninsula, data on the number of small and medium-sized businesses, state and municipal contracts with entrepreneurs, investment infrastructure are different.

"But especially I would like to draw attention to indicators related to labor resources. For example, the increase in the indicator "The share of graduates in industrial production, agriculture, construction, transport and communications from the total number of employees in these sectors" depends on the number of students enrolled in secondary vocational education programs. At the same time, in this list there are no priority sectors for the Kamchatka economy - fisheries, mining and tourism. A similar situation is observed in the indicator "Quality of labor resources". Leading industries of the region, the development of which we are now focusing on, again are not taken into account, "- said the Kamchatka Governor.

And he promised to interact more actively with both the ASI leadership and his representative in the Far East.

Olga Kurilova, head of the ASI office in the Far East, says that the investment climate rating for regional officials is both a motivation and an indicator of the quality of interaction between government and business. “If the region suddenly loses a lot in its positions, this is probably a reflection of how much power has paid attention to working with local businesses. This is the first. And second, of course, you can always complain about something, there are reasons. You know, when, for example, the Khabarovsk Territory occupied the last places, entrepreneurs approached me and asked: what, do you really think that we have so bad business, because we don’t think so. I answered: so after all you give an assessment. And they said: we will understand who this is the answer. This is clear to me when the entrepreneurs themselves want to understand. And when the lists of respondents in polls begin to demand power, the results will be impossible to achieve next year. ”

According to Ms. Kurilova, despite the fact that some regions of the Far East in the rating of the investment climate deteriorated their positions, for example, as Yakutia, by several points, all subjects "improved dynamics": "They shortened the time, the integral rating is growing." "But if you suddenly stood still or improved your performance a little, for five or three days, then you fall significantly down, because others are running faster," continues Olga Kurilova. "It's like in the relay: there's a handicap, and always catching up It is difficult, but it is possible: you just need to run faster. And if we just held meetings to report to the ASI, which requires something there, then the result in the rating is appropriate. "

Representatives of the authorities of the Khabarovsk Territory and the Amur Region, Mrs. Kurilova believes, realized that work on improving the indicator of investreiting "takes 70% of daily working time" and "will not get to do it from time to time." "All levels of government should work for this task, and not just sitting in the office. It is impossible to work for one minister of economic development or vice-governor. This teamwork of all levels of government, it is necessary, include representatives of the prosecutor's office, federal authorities, municipalities. And if the governor does not plunge into the agenda, "not in the subject," even his deputies will not replace the head of the subject. If vice versa, if the governor understands electricity or construction, the business perceives this as a positive signal, "she notes.

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