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China approved for the role

Experts: World War II began not in the West, but in the East

China approved for the role

The first Russian-Chinese conference was held in Moscow on the role of the USSR and China in the victory over fascism and Japanese militarism in World War II. In the historical and political significance of the event the correspondent of EastRussia was dealing with.

Past in Moscow Russian-Chinese conference on the role of the USSR and China in achieving victory over fascism and Japanese militarism in World War II, became the first scientific event in the framework of joint events celebrating the 70th anniversary of Victory. The conference was organized by the Russian-Chinese Friendship Society, the RAS Institute for the Far East, together with Chinese partner organizations. The Chinese side was represented by about 100 experts and military researchers headed by the chairman of the Sino-Russian Friendship Society Chen Yuan, the Russian side - by more than 50 representatives of expert, research and practical organizations, including the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, the State Duma of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Defense RF, Moscow State University, ISAA, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Chinese version

The conference participants paid tribute to the memory of the 27 million Soviet people and 37 million Chinese who heroically died on the battlefields or who fell victim to the atrocities of their enemies. Thus, the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Igor Morgulov noted that "the peoples of the USSR and China went through the most terrible trials and losses." He added that "World War II is a stern warning to all mankind" and emphasized the weighty nature of the conference, since it is necessary to recall the greatest tragedy that brought innumerable calamities.

Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of China to Russia Lee Hui spoke against the falsification of history. Scientists in Russia and China suggested that the international community take an unbiased look at the events more than 70 years ago and restore the objective picture of the war.

“I would like to draw your attention to one fundamental point of the scientific significance of this conference - by its fact, it will allow, I hope, to overcome the Eurocentric one-sided approach to the analysis of the causes and origins of the Second World War, which dominates in many works in the West, and in the East as well”, - Mikhail Titarenko, Director of the RAS Institute for Far Eastern Studies, RAS academician, addressed the conference participants in his message (he could not attend the event in person - author's note). According to Titarenko, “historical facts show that this war did not begin in September 1939 with the attack of Nazi Germany on Poland, but much earlier - if not in 1931 with the occupation of Northeast China (Manchuria) by Japan, then with a large-scale Japanese aggression against China in general in 1937 ”.

Deputy Chairman of the Orchestra, Acting Director of the Institute for Far Eastern Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor Sergei Luzyanin noted that a number of historians are trying to belittle the role of China and Russia in defeating militaristic Japan, creating a myth about the allegedly secondary nature of the Sino-Japanese front and the decisive role of the US in Asian military operations. Although how it all began? Since the occupation of Japan by Manchuria in 1931.

And then “On July 7, 1937, Japan attacked China. The Western powers formally condemned the Japanese aggression, but their protests did not produce the desired result. On August 21, 1937, a Non-Aggression Pact was signed between the Soviet Union and China, which stated that in the event of an attack by a third power on one of the parties (of the treaty), the other party undertakes “not to provide either directly or indirectly any assistance to such third or third powers. ””, Said Luzyanin in detail. He specified that "apart from diplomatic steps, Moscow is beginning to provide real financial and military assistance to the Chinese people."

An eyewitness to the events of the war years, Honorary Chairman of the Russian-Chinese Friendship Society, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Sergei Tikhvinsky recalled that when the large-scale war began on July 7, 1937, “immediately massive supplies of weapons, gasoline began to China, Soviet volunteers, pilots, tankers appeared , military personnel. It is no coincidence that the Soviet Union provided large-scale financial assistance for the purchase of weapons, providing three large foreign loans in a row. " He, then still a very young diplomat, happened to be present as an interpreter at a meeting in the Kremlin - at the conclusion of a third loan agreement between states for the supply of weapons to fighting China. "At that time, the Soviet Union was the only country that helped China militarily and financially to fight off the enemy," the academician emphasized.

“In 1939, I first came to China and saw countless camel caravans and convoys of cars that were carrying canisters of aviation gasoline, a lot of weapons and other cargoes so necessary for the fighting China,” Tikhvinsky recalled. According to him, on October 1, 1949, after the civil war in China, the People's Republic of China was proclaimed and the Soviet Union was the first foreign state to recognize the PRC.

Chinese scientists believe that the Chinese resistance war restrained the development of Japan’s global strategy and effectively helped the USSR, the United States, Britain and other countries in the war against fascism and brought victory closer.

“The Japanese strategy of 'aggression to the North' implied an attack on the Soviet Far East. The Soviet-German theater of military operations was a European theater. If Japan made an aggression to the north, the Soviet Union would find itself in a situation of attack from two sides: Japan and Germany, from the West and East. In order to attack the USSR, Japan first needed to defeat China, ”said Professor Hu Dekun, chairman of the Chinese Society for the Study of the History of World War II. “China fettered the main forces of the Japanese ground army, and the advance to the north became physically impossible,” the professor said.

Meanwhile, it is not worth saying that today the Second World War is remembered in connection with anti-Western sentiments. "Rather, this is due to the fact that China is already able to convey its word, its version of history to the world community," EastRussia expressed his point of view Doctor of Historical Sciences, Chief Researcher of the Institute of Far Eastern Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Lomanov.

“This war, this is also an important feature, has a Soviet version of the help of Soviet volunteers. And it is not in any way exaggerated, because without Soviet help in 1937-1938. China could simply collapse as a state, self-defense, integral unit, because when the Soviet Union provided more than a thousand aircraft, the Chinese could only get a hundred from the Americans. With a hundred, they simply would not have stood against the Japanese. Then everything changed, and when 1941 came, and the Soviet Union found itself in a very difficult situation, it was simply impossible to continue aid in such volumes. And just 1941 - this is Pearl Harbor - the entry into the war of the United States - and already there the American aid poured like a river there. Instead of Soviet volunteers, American pilots appeared there under the command of Shannolt (Claire Lee Chennult - Lieutenant General of the US Air Force, during World War II commanded the Flying Tigers Air Squadron in China, in which American volunteers fought - author's note). Therefore, let's say we have our own narrative of the participation of our volunteers in the war in China. The Americans have completely their own narrative that it was the American volunteers under the command of Shannolt who defeated it. And now the time has come when China is trying to combine all narratives and make the whole world understand the role that it played in World War II and the role that foreigners played in this war, I mean the positive role - they helped like the Soviet Union, and the Western allies, ”Lomanov told the publication.

Xi Jinping is coming to us

A key role in the joint Russian-Chinese celebration of the 70 anniversary of the Victory Visit of the Chairman of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping to Moscow at the invitation of Russian President Vladimir Putin. This is not only an important historical, but also a socio-economic event that reinforces the comprehensive cooperation between the two countries. Xi Jinping's visit is given special political significance, especially against the background of the anti-Russian policy of the West. However, the conference participants did not tie the visit of the PRC chairman to anti-Western sentiments.

“I don’t think this is so, because the decision to jointly hold events to celebrate Victory in World War II was agreed upon by Xi Jinping and Vladimir Putin more than a year ago. There was no special push for these things ", - shared with EastRussia the chairman of the Coordination Council for interaction with business associations of Asian countries of the International Congress of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (ICIE), Doctor of Economics, Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences Vladimir Remyga. However, according to him, “there is a lot of politics and economics in this visit. Of course, most of the visit is dedicated to ensuring that there is no overly harsh revision of the results of World War II. "

“Nevertheless, there is a lot of talk today that Russia is turning to the East, where our main partner is China. In all these plans, the economic component plays a huge role. We are increasingly moving away in economic terms from both Europe and America. I will give some examples related to the strategy of the Great Silk Road. More recently, on April 14, it was announced that Russia had entered the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank with a registered capital of $ 100 billion. Many observers believe that this bank was created as a counterbalance to the Monetary Fund, and, let's say, it is an attempt to move away from the dollar and move towards creating a new financial and economic infrastructure. In addition, one of the most important events in Russia will take place this year - the BRICS Forum on July 9-10 in Ufa, where a decision will also be made to create a BRICS Development Bank. See what major changes are taking place in the global economic and financial infrastructure. And in all these banks and economic plans, China is in the lead. Therefore, the economic component of Xi Jinping's visit plays a huge role, ”concluded Remyga.

Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Igor Morgulov noted in his speech that "the partnership between Russia and China is acquiring a new quality," which, in turn, contributes to the strengthening of states in the world arena. He indicated that during Xi Jinping's visit, documents on cooperation will be signed ("and we have dozens of them") in various fields, and on May 9, the President of the PRC will take part in a parade, which will also become a very symbolic event.

Luzyanin called the arrival of the President of the PRC an important political and moral and moral step, since the 70th anniversary of the victory in World War II is a common cause of the former allies. “Moreover, it is important that Xi Jinping's arrival will mean not only the strengthening of the traditional, very strong format of the Russian-Chinese strategic partnership, but in general it will mean that May 9 is celebrated not only in Europe, but also in Asia, since China is equal, a very important member of the anti-fascist coalition in World War II, ”he said.

As Luzyanin said, "China's role in World War II has not been underestimated for a long time," therefore Xi Jinping's arrival has complex significance.

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