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China approved for the role

Experts: World War II began not in the West, but in the East

China approved for the role

The first Russian-Chinese conference was held in Moscow on the role of the USSR and China in the victory over fascism and Japanese militarism in World War II. In the historical and political significance of the event the correspondent of EastRussia was dealing with.

Past in Moscow Russian-Chinese conference on the role of the USSR and China in achieving victory over fascism and Japanese militarism in World War II, Was the first scientific event in the framework of joint events celebrating the 70 anniversary of the Victory. The conference is organized by the Russian-Chinese Friendship Society, the Institute of the Far East of the Russian Academy of Sciences in cooperation with Chinese partner organizations. The Chinese side was represented by about 100 experts and military researchers led by the Chairman of the Chinese-Russian Friendship Society Chen Yuan, the Russian side - more than 50 representatives of expert, research and practical organizations, including the Federation Council of the Russian Federation, the State Duma, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Russia, Moscow State University, ISAA, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Chinese version

The conference participants expressed their tribute to the deepest memory of 27 million Soviet people and 37 million Chinese heroically killed on the battlefields or fallen victims of the atrocities of enemies. Thus, the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Igor Morgulov, noted that "the peoples of the USSR and China went through the most terrible trials and losses." He added that “World War II is a stern warning to all mankind,” and stressed the weighty nature of the conference, since it is necessary to recall the great tragedy that brought innumerable disasters.

Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of China to Russia Lee Hui spoke against the falsification of history. Scientists in Russia and China suggested that the international community take an unbiased look at the events more than 70 years ago and restore the objective picture of the war.

"I would like to draw your attention to one fundamental point of the scientific significance of this conference: by its fact of holding, I hope to overcome the Eurocentric unilateral approach to analyzing the causes and origins of the Second World War, dominating in many works in the West, and in the East, - Director of the Institute of Far Eastern Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Mikhail Titarenko addressed the conference participants in his message (He could not attend the event personally - author's comment). According to Titarenko, “historical facts suggest that this war did not start in September 1939 with the attack of fascist Germany on Poland, but much earlier - if not in 1931, with Japan’s occupation of the Northeast of China (Manchuria), then with large-scale Japanese aggression against China as a whole in 1937. ”

Deputy Chairman of the Orchestra, Acting Director of the Institute for Far Eastern Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor Sergei Luzyanin noted that a number of historians are trying to belittle the role of China and Russia in defeating militaristic Japan, creating a myth about the allegedly secondary nature of the Sino-Japanese front and the decisive role of the US in Asian military operations. Although how it all began? Since the occupation of Japan by Manchuria in 1931.

And then "7 July 1937, Japan attacked China. The Western powers formally condemned the Japanese aggression, but their protests did not yield the proper result. 21 August 1937, a non-aggression pact was signed between the Soviet Union and China, which stated that in case of an attack by a third power on one of the parties (the treaty), the other party undertakes "not to give either directly or indirectly any assistance to such third or third powers "" Luzyanin told in detail. He clarified that "apart from diplomatic steps, Moscow is beginning to provide real financial and military assistance to the Chinese people."

An eyewitness to the events of the war years, honorary chairman of the Society of Russian-Chinese Friendship, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Sergei Tikhvinsky recalled that when the large-scale 7 war began on July 1937, then “immediately mass deliveries of weapons and gasoline began to China, Soviet volunteers, pilots, tankers appeared , military personnel. It is not by chance that the Soviet Union rendered large-scale financial assistance for the purchase of weapons, by providing three large loans in a row. ” He, then a very young diplomat, had the opportunity to attend as a translator at a meeting in the Kremlin - at the conclusion between the states of the third credit agreement for the supply of weapons to the fighting China. “At that time, the Soviet Union was the only country that helped China to fight back from the pressing enemy militarily and materially,” the academician said.

“In 1939, I first came to China and saw countless camel caravans and convoy of vehicles carrying canisters of aviation gasoline there, a lot of weapons and other goods that were so necessary for fighting China,” recalled Tikhvinsky. According to him, the 1 of October, in 1949, after the civil war in China, the People’s Republic of China was proclaimed and the Soviet Union was the first foreign country to recognize China.

Chinese scientists believe that the Chinese resistance war restrained the development of Japan’s global strategy and effectively helped the USSR, the United States, Britain and other countries in the war against fascism and brought victory closer.

"The Japanese strategy of" aggression to the North "implied an attack on the Soviet Far East. The Soviet-German theater of war was a European theater. If Japan had committed aggression to the north, the Soviet Union would have been in a situation of attack from two sides: Japan and Germany, from the West and the East. In order to attack the USSR, Japan first needed to defeat China, ”said Professor Hu Dekun, chairman of the Chinese Society for the Study of the History of the Second World War. "China has forged the main forces of the Japanese land army, moving north has become physically impossible," said the professor.

Meanwhile, it is not worth mentioning that today World War II is remembered in connection with anti-Western sentiments. "Rather, it is due to the fact that China is able to deliver its word, its version of history to the world community," expressed EastRussia's point of view Doctor of Historical Sciences, Chief Researcher of the Institute of Far Eastern Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Lomanov.

"This war, this is also an important feature, there is a Soviet version of the assistance of Soviet volunteers. And it is not in any way exaggerated, because without Soviet help in 1937-1938 years. China could simply collapse as a state, self-defense unit, because when the Soviet Union provided more than a thousand planes, the Chinese could only get a hundred from the Americans. With a hundred, they would simply not have survived against the Japanese. Then everything changed, and when 1941 came, and the Soviet Union was in a very difficult situation, it was simply impossible to continue to help in such volumes. And just 1941 year is Pearl Harbor - the entry into the US war - and already there the American aid flowed there. Instead of Soviet volunteers, American pilots appeared under the command of Shannolt (Claire Lee Chennolt - Lieutenant General of the US Air Force, during the Second World War, commanded the Flying Tigers squadron in China, in which American volunteers fought - author's comment). Therefore, let's say, we have our own narrative of the participation of our volunteers in the war in China. The Americans have their own narrative completely, that they were defeated by American volunteers under the command of Shannolt. And now the time has come when China tries to combine all the narratives and to let the whole world know the role it played in World War II and the role played by foreigners in this war, I mean the positive role - helped both by the Soviet Union, And Western allies, "Lomanov told the publication.

Xi Jinping is coming to us

A key role in the joint Russian-Chinese celebration of the 70 anniversary of the Victory Visit of the Chairman of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping to Moscow at the invitation of Russian President Vladimir Putin. This is not only an important historical, but also a socio-economic event, reinforcing the full cooperation between the two countries. Xi Jinping’s visit is given particular political importance, especially against the backdrop of Western anti-Russian policies. However, the conference participants did not tie the arrival of the PRC Chairman to anti-Western sentiment.

"I do not think that this is so, because the decision to jointly hold the celebration of the Victory in World War II was agreed upon by Xi Jinping and Vladimir Putin more than a year ago. There was no special pushing for these things, "Chairman of the Coordination Council for Interaction with Business Associations of Asia of the International Congress of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (ICIE), Doctor of Economic Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences Vladimir Remyga, shared with EastRussia. However, according to him, "in this visit there is a lot of politics and economy. Undoubtedly, most of the visit is devoted to avoiding unnecessarily harsh revision of the results of the Second World War. "

"Nevertheless, today much is said about the fact that Russia is unfolding to the East, where our main partner is China. In all these plans, the economic component plays a huge role. We are increasingly moving away from Europe and America in economic terms. I will give some examples related to the strategy of the Great Silk Road. Most recently, 14 April, it was announced that Russia joined the Asian Bank for Infrastructure Investments with an authorized capital of 100 billion dollars. Many observers believe that this bank is created in opposition to the Monetary Fund, and, let's say, it is an attempt to move away from the dollar and move towards creating a new financial and economic infrastructure. In addition, this year will also be one of the most important events in Russia - this is the BRIX Forum 9-10 in July in Ufa, where it will also be decided to establish the BRICS Development Bank. See what major changes are taking place in the global economic and financial infrastructure. And in all these banks and economic plans, China occupies a leading role. Therefore, the economic component of Xi Jinping's visit plays a huge role, "concluded Remyga.

Deputy Foreign Minister Igor Morgulov in his speech noted that "the partnership between Russia and China is acquiring a new quality", which, in turn, contributes to strengthening states on the world stage. He indicated that during the visit of Xi Jinping documents on cooperation will be signed ("they do not count in tens") in various fields, and on May 21, the PRC President will attend the parade, which will also become a very symbolic event.

Luzianin called the arrival of the PRC President an important political and moral-moral step, since the 70 anniversary of the victory in World War II is a common affair of former allies. "Moreover, it is important that Xi Jinping's visit will not only mean the strengthening of the traditional, very strong format of the Russian-Chinese strategic partnership, but in general this will mean that 9 May is celebrated not only in Europe but also in Asia, since China is equal, A very important participant in the anti-fascist coalition in World War II, "he said.

As Luzyanin said, “the role of China in World War II has not been underestimated for a long time,” so the arrival of Xi Jinping has a complex meaning.

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