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China is tuned for speed
China Railway proposes to tie for a trillion rubles Vladivostok and Harbin for 1
The talks held in early November within the framework of the visit of Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev to Beijing showed the increased interest of Chinese investors in the development of transportation with Russia.
Photo: TonyV3112 / Shutterstock.com
Part of the meetings concerned the prospects of international transport corridors (MTC) in Primorsky Krai. In particular, the leadership of China Communications Construction Co. announced the intention to build and reconstruct infrastructure facilities in the territory of the Russian Federation to ensure transit of goods from the north-eastern provinces of Heilongjiang (ITC Primorje-1) and Jilin (ITC Primorje-2). According to the Russian side, the freight traffic on these routes can reach 45 million tons per year.
"We are interested in this project of strategic importance. We need to determine the route and prepare a feasibility study, "the president of China Communications Construction Co. said. Chen Fengjiang. The Chinese company promised to submit its calculations for a detailed discussion of the project, as well as proposals for models of financing and return on investment.
Another topic of negotiations in the field of railway transport was the issue of creating a high-speed highway (VSM) between Harbin and Vladivostok. The project involves the construction of a dedicated section of the Mudanjian-Vladivostok railroad with a length of more than 380 km (a high-speed line is already being built from Harbin to Mudanjian, it is planned to open at the end of 2018 of the year).
As expected, the speed of passenger traffic in the SCM will be 250 km / h. At the same time, cargo transportation is supposed to be carried out along this line. "Initially thought of the passenger line. But after assessing the project economics, it was decided to design a mixed flow, taking into account the transportation of goods, "said Cai Zemin, director general of China Railway Dongfang Group, who represented the interests of the national railway company China Railway at the talks.
According to him, in the border areas of China live more than 65 million people, which potentially creates a sufficient workload for the payback of the SCM. One of the main points of attraction of passenger traffic may be the integrated entertainment resort of Primorye, Tsai Zemin believes. For information, in 2016 the Primorsky Territory visited 420 thousand citizens of the PRC.
As noted in his Facebook account by the deputy head of the Minsk Region, Alexander Krutikov, the feasibility study for the construction of the Harbin-Vladivostok highway is planned in conjunction with the China Railway to the Fourth Eastern Economic Forum, which will be held in September 2018.
The fact that for high-speed traffic you need to build a dedicated path, it is understandable. The current 120-kilometer stretch from the Russian-Chinese border to Ussuriysk is single-track and not electrified. In addition, he is currently working at the capacity limit (currently the Far Eastern Railway is considering the development of this direction with the modernization of the Grodekovo railway junction). The Transsib section also functions with a high degree of loading on the approaches to Vladivostok-Ussuriisk-Amursky Bay, which, in particular, includes cargo trains with export coal to the ports of the Nakhodka Knot.
At the same time, the amount required for the establishment of the Armed Forces of Harbin-Vladivostok is impressive. The cost of the project, according to preliminary calculations, is estimated at $ 19 billion or almost 1,1 trillion rubles.
The plans of RZD include the development of railway infrastructure in Primorsky Krai, but these measures are primarily related to the provision of freight traffic. According to Andrei Vaulin, deputy chief of the Far Eastern Railway, the question of continuing the program for upgrading the Trans-Siberian Railway and the Baikal-Amur Mainline (East Polygon) after 2020 is being considered. "The second stage of the development of the Eastern testing range costs 396 billion rubles," Andrei Vaulin said. He specified that the Ussuriisk-Khasan line will be reconstructed, which goes to the ports of the south of Primorye and border crossings with China (Mahalino-Hunchun) and the DPRK (Khasan-Tumangan), in particular, its electrification is planned. The Smolyaninovo-Nakhodka section (the port of Vostochny) will also develop further. In this direction, cargo traffic after 2025 year may increase by 100 million tons - up to 162 million tons annually.
It should be said that Chinese financial institutions have already expressed the possibility of providing loans for the modernization of transport infrastructure in Primorye. As stated in the China Development Bank, borrowed funds can be allocated under the guarantee of Russian state banks. “There are two models: direct credit or credit transfer. The first requires more time, plus you need a guarantee from a Russian bank. The second option involves issuing a loan to a large Russian bank, such as VTB, Sberbank or Vnesheconombank. There is no warranty required. Such loans have already been issued for 12,9 billion yuan, ”says the Special Representative for International Cooperation of the Siberia and Far East Working Group of China Development Bank And Chun.
The roadmap for interaction between the Russian and Chinese sides within the framework of the Harbin-Vladivostok route project can be built by analogy with the Moscow-Kazan SCM.
In 2014, the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation, the State Committee of China, Russian Railways and China Railway signed a memorandum on cooperation in the field of high-speed traffic. Somewhat later, the Russian and Chinese sides signed a document in the presence of the heads of state of Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping, where it was determined that the Moscow-Kazan CMM stretch more than 760 km will be built on Chinese technologies with the participation of Russian companies - target localization is estimated at 70-80%. In September of this year, the design of the route was completed, the documentation was submitted for examination. It is planned that after the signing of the concession agreement with the Chinese government, construction and installation works will start. The regular movement of trains to Moscow-Kazan SCM should begin in 2023. The operator of the project is JSC "High-Speed Railways" (a subsidiary of RZD).
In turn, China views this highway as part of the global project of the Eurasian Armed Forces, which involves the creation of a high-speed cargo and passenger transport corridor between the PRC and the European Union. With the advent of the Harbin-Vladivostok route, this communication will connect the coasts of the Atlantic and the Pacific.