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Khabarovsk Territory: growth centers
What can the regional economy rely on?
The largest industrial zone of the region is Komsomolsk-on-Amur-Solnechny, where over 50% of the industrial output of the territory is now produced. The main component of the Komsom-molsk-on-Amur economy is the enterprises of the military-industrial complex: Aviation Production Association (KnAAPO); Amur Shipyard, producing nuclear and diesel submarines and civilian vessels.
In the area of the BAM's access to the Pacific coast, the Vaninsko-Sovgavansky transport and industrial hub is being intensively formed. The interests of large financial and industrial groups are concentrated here: companies “Mechel”, “SUEK”, “Basic Element”, “Petropavlovsk” and others. They implement powerful investment projects of interregional nature.
A serious economic problem for any Far Eastern region, and the Khabarovsk Territory is not an exception here, because of the magnitude of the distance is transport. With the development of this sphere, the Far East has pinned great hopes.
For example, the port cities of Vanino and Sovetskaya Gavan can become a logistics center of the international level. But for this it is necessary to ensure the integrated development of both ports and mainland communications. Today, in order to guarantee the future of the Vanino transport hub, it is necessary to increase the capacity of BAM. The reconstruction of the Oune-Vysokogornaya section and the construction of the new Kuznetsovsky tunnel are already under way, work is proceeding ahead of time, commissioning is scheduled for 2013.
A great additional impetus to the development of the coast is given now by the road Lidoga - Vanino. Despite the fact that the construction is not yet completed, its role in the transit of goods is growing rapidly. No less important are the federal routes "Amur" and "Ussuri", in the construction of which today are invested serious government money.
The most important direction of transport development of the region, of course, is the construction of an aviation hub on the basis of the Khabarovsk airport. The largest in the Far East, it is located at the intersection of global transcontinental air corridors connecting Europe with Japan, the countries of the Asia-Pacific region and North America. Full implementation of the project will bring the maximum possible load of the complex to 10 million passengers per year.
An integrated approach is important for any industry. By concentrating a number of productions in the system, it is possible to achieve economic efficiency inaccessible to an isolated enterprise. This idea is well expressed by the now popular economic term "clustering".
Khabarovsk Territory has industrial, scientific, technical and personnel potential for the formation of a cluster of innovative development. The emerging cluster included about 90 enterprises and organizations of the region and the Far Eastern region. Including world-class leader - JSC "KnAAPO", 3 University, 4 Academic Institute, small innovative enterprises. In addition, cooperation ties have been established with leading enterprises and development institutes in Moscow, St. Petersburg and other regions of Russia. The basis of the cluster is the high-tech capabilities of the aviation industry, shipbuilding, the development of technical universities, and academic institutions. The core of the cluster will be a technopolis in Khabarovsk with a business incubator, engineering, prototyping and industrial design centers.
There are serious opportunities for creating a gas chemical complex. First, a natural gas transmission system has already been created, which includes more than 1600 km of trunk gas pipelines and 500 km of distribution gas pipelines. In 2011, the first stage of the Sakhalin - Khabarovsk - Vladivostok gas pipeline was commissioned. In accordance with the Eastern Gas Program, the next stage will be the construction of the Yakutia-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok gas transmission system. The total performance of the gas transmission system through the territory of the region will be about 50 billion cubic meters. m per year.
Secondly, the region has sufficient capacities for energy resources, power grids, rail, road, river and sea transport communications, that is, there are good infrastructure and logistic conditions.
Thirdly, there are free sites for the placement of the gas chemical complex. Already identified several promising sites from the village of De-Kastri to the southern regions of the region. On construction, they have a substantive conversation with potential investors who have their own gas processing projects.
Fourthly, the presence of a market for gas chemical products (China, the United States, Japan, Korea, Latin American countries).
Systematic, hard work is already bearing fruit and gives confidence in a stable investment process and the growth of the regional economic power.