Irkutsk
Ulan-Ude

Blagoveshchensk
Chita
Yakutsk

Birobidzhan
Vladivostok
Khabarovsk

Magadan
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

Anadyr
Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
Moscow

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How to live it is impossible and as possible

Special Corps EastRussia - about how the chiefs of the Far East consulted with prosecutors on the legality, corruption and embezzlement of budget funds

How to live it is impossible and as possible

In Khabarovsk today, at the same table with a huge and round - in the House of Receptions of the regional government, the Far Eastern chiefs gathered: the plenipotentiary of the President of the Russian Federation in the Far Eastern Federal District, Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Trutnev, the head of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, Alexander Galushka, governors and prosecutors, from general to regional and regional. The subject of discussion was the legality of the implementation of state programs, but the discussion in the end was much broader than the agenda. The focus was on corruption, greed, negligence, mismanagement and new opportunities for the development of the East of Russia, which are now spelled out in laws and regulations for the Far Eastern regions.

So it's impossible to live

The tone of the interested and uncharacteristically business-like, without hysteria, discussion of the current problems of the Far East, to the solution of which the prosecutorial forces of the whole country must join, was set by Yury Trutnev.

“No new forms of work will be able to change the economic and demographic situation in the Far East, if we do not solve the old, decades-old problems. First of all, it is the problem of corruption, ” Said the plenipotentiary vice-premier.

“Everyone has heard the story of the ex-governor of the Sakhalin Region Khoroshavin. A criminal case has been initiated against the deputy governor of the Jewish Autonomous Region. The Minister of Sports and Tourism of the Kamchatka Territory was convicted of theft on an especially large scale.

Criminal cases were initiated on the facts of inappropriate use of budget funds during the construction of the Vostochny cosmodrome. Also, due to ineffective spending of budgetary funds, hotel complexes in Vladivostok, the oceanarium on Russky Island, and a number of other APEC summit facilities have not been completed, ”the plenipotentiary envoy described the situation with bureaucratic crime without exaggerating and exaggerating.

During the construction of the Zvezda shipbuilding complex in the Primorsky Territory, more than 4 billion rubles were stolen, but the former head of the Far Eastern Center for Shipbuilding and Repair, Igor Borbot, and a number of his accomplices are hiding abroad. “All of them are on the international wanted list,” said Yuri Trutnev.

Damage to more than 4 million rubles as a result of abuse of authority, possibly, was inflicted on the state budget by the former head of the Federal Antimonopoly Service for the Kamchatka region Andrei Petrov. Fired for undeclared overseas property after checking the presidential administration of the Russian Federation for the fight against corruption, the head of the Main Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs for the Far Eastern Federal District Yevgeny Kuzhel (and following his dismissal, the State Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs was abolished in the district).

“Corruption, ineffective use of budget funds hit the backbone industries of the Far East - that is, just those industries on the basis of which the Far East could most effectively develop. These are mining, timber industry, fishing, ”the presidential envoy said.

On February 1, 2015, the Kolymsky Refinery stopped its financial and economic activities. “The law enforcement agencies did not find any special violations, it was proposed to resolve the issue through arbitration,” Trutnev stated.

In the DFO in 2014, 1 138 revealed illegal logging, and the number of criminal cases initiated based on operational-search activity, despite the increasing scale of illegal use of forest resources, remains insignificant and does not correspond to the current criminogenic situation in the industry.

According to Trutnev, "the scale of illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in the Far East basin is threatening."

The difference in the volume of supplies of aquatic biological resources only to China and Japan, determined by the "mirror statistics" method in 2013 based on the data of customs services, is more than 200 thousand tons, and the difference in customs value, according to the FCS and customs services of importing countries is more than $ 800 million. At the same time, for violations in the fishing industry in 2014 in the Far Eastern Federal District, only 15% of enforcement proceedings ended with actual collection.

“The disaster with the trawler Dalny Vostok, which sank on the night of April 1–2 in the Sea of ​​Okhotsk, is also the result of the greed of some, the mismanagement of others and the negligence of others. All possible laws, rules and regulations were violated. For this, dozens of people paid with their lives, ”the Deputy Prime Minister said.

“In a significant number of cases, the fight against fraud and violations in the Far East begins immediately after the intervention of the President of the Russian Federation. This was the case at the Oceanarium, at the Vostochny Cosmodrome, in a number of other facilities ... I do not understand why it is necessary to wait for a debate at the level of the country's president? " - he asked the audience. In his opinion, funds were stolen at the most important facilities in the Far East and the deadlines for delivery were missed, but law enforcement agencies did not react to this in any way.

“A simple example is Dalspetsstroy. The monopoly activity of this organization gave rise to affiliated structures of the construction market of the entire Far East, sharply increasing the cost of housing. Now a dozen and a half criminal cases have been initiated there, ”said Trutnev. According to him, such activities of the company led to a decrease in the living standards of the Far East due to high prices for residential real estate.

“The Far East is far enough from Moscow. Therefore, many managers have the feeling that the requirements of the legislation are not so strict here, that by agreeing with some of the law enforcement officials, you can break the law, not pay taxes, come up with various "schemes" for the misappropriation of budget funds, and improperly use state and municipal property ... But we must all understand that this should not continue, - the speaker summed up. "Such important industries as timber, fish, minerals will work effectively only when the situation is transparent and the legislation of the Russian Federation is observed."

The Minister for Development of the Far East told about another long-standing problem, budgetary underfunding of the regions of the Far East. He called the systemic problem "many times less, in comparison with the average Russian, per capita financing of the Far East."

“We have analyzed the federal targeted investment program (FAIP - ed.), which is the concentration of budget investments, and in fact they are no less important than private investments for the accelerated priority development of the Far East. What do we have according to the results of the analysis of FAIP? In the direction of education, per capita financing in the Far East is 10,5 times less than the average in Russia, in health care - 4,9 times less than budget investments per person, in municipal construction - 4,7 times, in culture - 2 times. The situation is unacceptable, directly contradicting the realization of the national interest in the development of the Far East and directly contradicting the task of accelerated development of our macro-region. Such budgetary financing shows that in fact we have not outstripping, but slowing down the development of the Far East, ”said the head of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East.

Shell and filling

“A new development model has been created, based on expanding cooperation with the countries of the Asia-Pacific region, a new shell that makes it possible to provide businesses with the most comfortable working conditions - territories of advanced development. The ASEZ Law contains a large-scale set of benefits and incentives for investors, a drastic reduction and simplification of administrative procedures; free customs zone regime; tax incentives, simplified land use procedure ”, - Yuri Trutnev reminded the audience of the new rules according to which new growth points will be created in the Far East.

When creating three TORs (Nadezhdinskaya in the Primorsky Territory, TORs in the cities of Khabarovsk and Komsomolsk-on-Amur in the Khabarovsk Territory) and 6 investment projects (in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Khabarovsk and Kamchatka Territories, Amur Region). For all these projects, "at the expense of the federal target program for the development of the Far East, the necessary transport, energy and social infrastructure will be built for business."

“The draft law on the free port of Vladivostok was developed on the basis of studying the best world practices for organizing the work of transport and logistics complexes. It will simplify border crossing, visa regime, including the establishment of an open skies regime, ”Trutnev said.

By the fall of 2015, mechanisms for the free provision of land plots in the Far East to citizens of the Russian Federation will be launched. “We believe that this measure will help people to work successfully, start their own business, and attract economically active citizens of Russia to work in the Far East,” said the presidential envoy.

Alexander Galushka told the audience in more detail about how the new shell and model of the development of the Far East will be filled. “By the end of April, it is planned to complete the preparation of all by-laws concerning ASEZ. A TOP management company in the Far East is being created - the Far East Development Corporation, ”the minister said.

The volume of private investments in the first three TORs is more than 50 billion rubles. “This initial volume of investments corresponds to less than a third of the territories of the PDA that are planned to be created,” the minister said. The implementation of the first three TORs will create at least 7 thousand new jobs.

“There are six more TORs on the way, which are planned to be considered this month: in the Kamchatka Territory - a tourist orientation, a resource orientation in Chukotka and Magadan, an aviation industrial orientation in the Primorsky Territory, an industrial and transit orientation in the Amur Region. The planned private investments in these projects amount to over 80 billion rubles, ”said Alexander Galushka.

The law "On territories of advanced social and economic development in the Russian Federation", adopted at the end of last year, entered into force on March 30. By decision of the government of the Russian Federation, the TOP are created for a period of 70 years, which can be extended if necessary. In the next three years, the TOP will operate only on the territory of the Far Eastern Federal District. The ASEZ Law allows for the compulsory seizure of land and / or / located on them real estate, as well as other property in order to locate infrastructure facilities of the territory. It is allowed to provide subsidies to reimburse the interest rate on loans attracted by investors for the construction of infrastructure, in the amount of up to 100% of the refinancing rate, as well as the use of other financing mechanisms. For residents, preferential rental rates, tax incentives and other support measures are provided.

“The key ideas of the law are radical de-bureaucratization, deregulation, tax incentives, and the creation of a ready-made infrastructure with the help of the state. In terms of de-bureaucratization and deregulation, this is the creation of a "one window" for investors and, on this basis, a radical reduction and simplification of administrative procedures; qualitative reduction of administrative risks based on the approval of the authorized body - that is, the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East - of all inspections against residents of the ASEZ, both planned and unscheduled; direct reduction in the timing of inspections; the possibility of repeated checks only with the consent of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, ”the minister noted. According to him, both these ideas and the best regulatory practices of the APR countries formed the basis of the draft law "On the free port of Vladivostok."

"The second priority is to support ready-to-implement investment projects outside the ASEZ," the head of the ministry continued. Under the chairmanship of Yuri Trutnev, the first 6 investment projects were selected for state support (125 billion rubles of direct investments, more than 87 billion rubles of tax collections over ten years, 8 thousand new jobs). These are projects related to the extraction of coal, gold, iron ore. Another 12 investment projects (investments - 674,38 billion rubles, more than 300 billion rubles of tax collections and contributions until 2025) are being prepared for consideration at the same legal committee. The focus of the projects is agriculture, logistics, gas chemistry, ore mining.

Elevator in the real economy

The head of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East also spoke about new opportunities for small and medium-sized industrial businesses to prosecutors and heads of regions. “Thanks to new investments, both in the ASEZ and outside the ASEZ, we will be able to receive demand for the development of small business in the Far East, to give it a new quality level. Large investors need manufacturing small and medium-sized businesses, not trade, which they are today by 80%. Taking into account the forecast of the volume of gross output in the TOP planned in the Far East by 2020, we can predict the demand for services of small and medium-sized businesses in the amount of more than 160 billion rubles per year, ”Alexander Galushka estimated the growth potential of SMEs.

For comparison, the entire federal program to support small and medium-sized businesses in Russia is estimated at a little more than 20 billion rubles a year. That is, TOPs in the Far East can provide a resource for the development of small and medium-sized businesses 8 times more than the entire federal program for supporting small businesses in the country. “The implementation of large investment projects, including by state-owned companies, is an economic lift capable of giving a new quality to the development of small business,” the minister said. He recalled the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1352, the subject of which is the regulation of the peculiarities of the participation of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the procurement of state-owned companies. According to the document, the annual volume of purchases from SMEs must be at least 18% of the total annual value of contracts concluded by customers based on the results of purchases (or at least 10 percent of the total annual value of contracts concluded by customers based on the results of purchases, participants of which are only small business).

In the Far East, state-owned companies are implementing a number of large-scale and strategic projects for the country's development. These are the modernization of BAM and Transsib, the construction of the Vostochny cosmodrome, the Power of Siberia project, the investment programs of Rosneft and RusHydro, and a number of others. We are talking about the demand for the services of the Far Eastern small business, amounting to tens and hundreds of billions of rubles.

Minskostokrazvitiya it is authorized

In March 2014, the Ministry for the Development of the Far East was empowered to coordinate federal target and state programs. “The result of work for 9 months of 2014 - a number of the program was adjusted, in addition more than 2 billion rubles of budgetary investments were directed to the Far East,” said Alexander Galushka.

It is planned to introduce all amendments to the regulations both on the formation of state target programs and on ensuring advanced development in the Far Eastern Federal District in the very near future. And the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, following a meeting of three deputy prime ministers - Yuri Trutnev, Dmitry Kozak, Alexander Khloponin - among the three territorial ministries, will receive the authority to coordinate the provision of subsidies by all federal executive bodies in the interests of the development of the Far East.

“It is important that this money be spent efficiently, in a targeted way, and go to the development of the Far East,” the Minister for the Development of the Far East repeated Trutnev's earlier wish to the bodies of control and supervision in the district as a refrain.

You ask: what is the General Prosecutor’s office about? And despite the fact that it is the employees of the prosecutor's office who have to control the legality of spending budget investments, protect the rights of residents of PDA and investors, ensure the share of small businesses in the procurement of state-owned companies. And so on.

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