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How to cool the "cap of the Earth"

How to cool the "cap of the Earth"

Alexander Shestakov, director of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Arctic Program:

- Development of the Arctic is often discussed in a very limited way - oil and gas, shipping, mining - this is the point. We believe that the development of the Arctic should concern both infrastructure, construction, tourism, and possible relocation of certain sectors - financial services, IT, etc. Unfortunately, these aspects are given little attention. Certainly, in various discussions about the Arctic, the climate component is also affected, but often it is present in a hypocritical way, since some participants in the "Arctic process" consider it indecent not to mention the climate. If they were serious about the climate, the discussion, in particular on oil and gas, should have a completely different character.

To prevent global warming, WWF works in several ways. We do not do science ourselves, but we support the development of scientific research. The task of WWF is also to ensure that these developments reach the general public - politicians and decision-makers.

We are actively seeking to ensure that adaptation to climate change is incorporated into management systems. To this end, we are actively working with the Government of Russia, with the regions, on the implementation of territorial planning systems, which would allow for a more flexible account of the changes taking place. One tool for this is, for example, integrated spatial planning on land and at sea.

Another area is related to WWF activities at political levels, where we are cooperating with governments of various countries and international organizations to promote relevant climate decisions. If there are no definite steps on the part of states, we will all reap the benefits. Maybe we should stop thinking about short-term political and financial benefits ?!

It's no secret that many of the settlements of the Arctic depend on the import of diesel fuel or fuel oil. This problem exists almost everywhere in the Russian Arctic, and in Canada, and in the United States, and in Greenland. This dependence is rather complicated, because fuel is delivered, as a rule, once a year for a whole year ahead. If the delivery is late - people sit without heat. In addition, when burning diesel fuel, greenhouse gases are formed, soot is produced, which is already recognized as a very significant factor in climate change in the Arctic, including the melting of ice. Plus, barrels and tanks with fuel need to be imported, and they are imported, mainly by ships, which creates an additional, significant risk of emergency situations, serious pollution of the sea with oil products. It turns out a large set of problems, which is solved by alternative sources of energy. There are proven business projects that allow replacing the 60-70% of diesel and fuel oil with a combination of alternative energy sources - sun, wind plus the current generation of batteries.

A similar experience of obtaining energy exists in many regions, including Russia. But in fact, it is very important to work on the synthesis of such experience: there are different conditions in the Arctic, therefore there is no single recipe for solving the problem.

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