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Cafe at the road

Drivers who are in trouble on the roads in the Magadan region, rely only on mutual assistance

Cafe at the road

To provide "lifeless" roads in the Magadan region with roadside service and cellular communications, entrepreneurs alone are not yet able to do so.

The governor of the Magadan Region, Vladimir Pechenyi, complained earlier this spring that "the Kolyma route, whether it is a section of a road of regional or federal significance, is absolutely not provided with infrastructure."

"There is no connection, there is nowhere to rest, roadside service in the form of cafes - huts can be called a service only conditionally - everything is outdated, everything from the last century. We are obliged to create such an infrastructure around the road network, so that the Kolyma people could stop for a rest in a comfortable roadside complex, "the head of the region said.

V.Pechenyi touched on one of the road aspects that provides security, prompt response to accidents, various emergencies, is a link.

"The question of the speediness of rendering assistance to people in an emergency situation is urgent, since in the Magadan Region the distance between settlements can be hundreds of kilometers, the frosts drop by 50 degrees, and the roads and passes often sweep. Those who are in trouble on this section of the road need communication and confidence that help to them will arrive as soon as possible, "he said.

The road issue in the Magadan region is complicated by the length of uninhabited territories. According to Valeriy Abdullin, the head of one of the motor transport enterprises of the region of Comtrans LLC, the region’s roads are long distances with no roadside infrastructure. For example, from the village of Palatka to Omsukchan there is not a single hotel where you can stay for a holiday, not a single maintenance station. The driver goes to the flight with fuel and a maximum set of spare parts.

“Another difficulty is the limitedness of modern technologies,” V. Abdullin said. - So, in most of the territory there is no elementary cellular communication. It turns out that the vehicles are equipped with the GLONASS system, which simply does not function in the Kolyma conditions. From Atka to Omsukchan, on a shoulder more than 400 kilometers long, it is impossible to trace the movement of the car. The presence of cellular communication would add a number of amenities. Even in the event of a breakdown, you can explain by phone what exactly happened and solve the problem more quickly. Now the work of truckers is based on the driver's mutual assistance ”.

The federal road "Kolyma" is the only transport artery connecting Magadan Oblast with the neighboring Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). As the head of the branch of PKU Uprdor Kolyma in Magadan Sergei Krivoshein, "on the section of the federal highway P-504 Kolyma, passing through the territory of the Magadan region, there are 12 road service facilities located directly on the roadside."

"These are food stations in the villages Laryukovaya, Atka, Karamken, Tent and in the city of Magadan. In addition, there are food facilities located on the territory of municipalities, - he shared. - Petrol stations are located in the city of Susuman, villages Yagodnoe, Orotukan, Atka, Tent, Sokol. Only Tire service in Sokol was registered from service stations. The stations of the maintenance department, not included in the roadside strip, are located in the settlements located on the FAD "Kolyma". For 834 kilometers there are 40 rest areas (this number corresponds to the norm). In the first place, the most visited roads are equipped with parking lot and toilet. "

According to him, this year is equipped with 11 recreation areas. Work in this direction will continue in the next year, however, while the objects of road service to ensure a comfortable and safe passage to the FAD "Kolyma" is clearly not enough.

"According to the existing standards, on the motor road of the third category, public catering points, gas stations, stations must be located every hundred kilometers. For the road of IV category, and from 834 "Magadan" kilometers is about 60 percent, the distance should be 150 kilometers. On the sections Susuman - Yagodnoye - Orotukan and Atka-Magadan, the location of the gas station advises the requirements. But there are also lots with a large "gap" between the objects of the road service, "S. Krivoshein continued.

The head of the branch of PKU Uprdor "Kolyma" in Magadan is confident that only the participation of small and medium-sized businesses can improve the situation with the arrangement of the roadside infrastructure of the FAD "Kolyma". The field of activity of the Uprdor does not include the equipment of highways with objects of road service. Rosavtodor and, in particular, PKU Uprdor "Kolyma" coordinate the placement of objects in terms of road safety.

And what about the business? Because of the low population density, it is not profitable to establish a cafe on the long routes in the Magadan Region. Barrier is also a long procedure for approving permits for the construction of road service facilities. Considering the need to provide electricity, hot and cold water, cafes will be located mainly within populated areas. In this case, it is a problem to provide the FAD site from Atka to Orotukan.

Nevertheless, the problem of road service is inherent in all roads of the Russian Federation. A recent Rosavtodor analysis suggests that on federal roads, road service does not meet the real needs of road users. And the main factor of this, as well as in the Magadan region, is the uneven population of a territory. "Our situation is analogous to the entire Far Eastern Federal District," concluded S. Krivoshein.

What to do? S. Krivoshein shared that the Rosavtodor together with the all-Russian public organization "Opora Rossii" is developing a concept for the development of road service. However, some efforts of small and medium-sized businesses will not be enough here. Within the framework of public-private partnership, Rosavtodor is ready to assist in connecting service facilities to roads. The concept of spring has already passed public hearings and is currently under consideration at the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation.

Another issue is the provision of cellular communication along the entire length of the Kadym FAD highway. This task should be accomplished together by power engineers, telecommunications workers, and the government of the region. The road workers will join the task if such a station is installed in the right of way. But the main protagonist are the mobile operators.

“The Far East is a huge territory with low infrastructural security. Mobile coverage requires huge reversible investments. The situation is aggravated by the fact that the organization of communications in the northern regions of the Far East, including in the Magadan region, uses a satellite resource, which, firstly, is expensive, and secondly, is limited, ”explained the director of public relations of the Far Eastern Branch MegaFon by Antonina Pronin. According to her, "a public-private partnership can become an effective tool for solving the issue of developing communications in the region."

“The lease of satellite channels is a significant part of the costs of telecom operators in carrying out activities in the Magadan region. And the possibility of partial compensation from state financial sources of operators' costs for leasing satellite channels, as well as for power supply of communication facilities, would help intensify work on the organization of communications in remote areas of the region, including along the Kolyma highway, ”she continued.

A.Pronina reminded that in 2011 on the terms of public-private partnership in the Far East the project on providing mobile communication of the Amur route (Chita-Khabarovsk) was successfully implemented, in which all operators of the Big Three plus Rostelecom participated, and "MegaFon" acted as the coordinator of the project.

The MTS company covers not only the regional center with a network, but also remote settlements on the coast of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk. According to Olga Ryabchenko, Director of MTS in the Magadan Region, the mobile operator continues to actively develop its own infrastructure in the region. In particular, for 9 months of 2014, the company doubled the length of fiber-optic communication lines (FOCL) in the region. MTS is also considering various options for the construction of the Sakhalin-Magadan-Kamchatka fiber-optic link along the bottom of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk. It is planned that the new underwater line will connect the city of Okha on Sakhalin with Magadan and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, and the maximum throughput of the system will be 8 Tbit / s (80x100G), the total length of communication lines is about 2 thousand km.

“In order to provide the GSM standard with regional and federal roads, where there is not a single settlement for several hundred kilometers, not only cellular communication operators, but also regional administrations and power engineers need to interact,” O. Ryabchenko said. - The main problem of such areas, in addition to the landscape, is the underdeveloped infrastructure that is required for the installation and operation of base stations. Magadan region is one of the most difficult regions of the Far East, with a mountainous landscape and harsh climatic conditions. In addition, the population of the region is unevenly distributed throughout the territory. All this imposes its own characteristics on the construction of the cellular network infrastructure in the region. ”

Having provided services and cellular communications to uninhabited territories, the Magadan region will not increase its population. It is unlikely that the introduction of communication will increase the intensity of traffic on the FAD "Kolyma". However, the implementation of such projects is a progressive approach to the development of the regional economy. Traditionally it happens that production first appears, which gradually acquires infrastructure. In the Magadan region, on the contrary, comfortable conditions are created for living and working even before the start of implementation of many projects, which undoubtedly becomes attractive for investors, including foreign ones. 

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