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Cafe at the road
Drivers who are in trouble on the roads in the Magadan region, rely only on mutual assistance
The governor of the Magadan Region, Vladimir Pechenyi, complained earlier this spring that "the Kolyma route, whether it is a section of a road of regional or federal significance, is absolutely not provided with infrastructure."
V.Pechenyi touched on one of the road aspects that provides security, prompt response to accidents, various emergencies, is a link.
"The question of the speediness of rendering assistance to people in an emergency situation is urgent, since in the Magadan Region the distance between settlements can be hundreds of kilometers, the frosts drop by 50 degrees, and the roads and passes often sweep. Those who are in trouble on this section of the road need communication and confidence that help to them will arrive as soon as possible, "he said.
"Another complication is the limitations of modern technologies," V.Abdullin said. - So, in a larger territory there is no elemental cellular communication. It turns out that the vehicle is equipped with the GLONASS system, which simply does not function in the Kolyma conditions. From Atka to Omsukchan, on the shoulder, longer than 400 kilometers, it is impossible to follow the movement of the car. The presence of the same cellular connection would add a number of amenities. Even in the event of a breakdown, the phone can explain what exactly happened, and more quickly solve the problem. Now the work of truckers is based on driver's mutual assistance. "
The federal road "Kolyma" is the only transport artery connecting Magadan Oblast with the neighboring Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). As the head of the branch of PKU Uprdor Kolyma in Magadan Sergei Krivoshein, "on the section of the federal highway P-504 Kolyma, passing through the territory of the Magadan region, there are 12 road service facilities located directly on the roadside."
"These are food stations in the villages Laryukovaya, Atka, Karamken, Tent and in the city of Magadan. In addition, there are food facilities located on the territory of municipalities, - he shared. - Petrol stations are located in the city of Susuman, villages Yagodnoe, Orotukan, Atka, Tent, Sokol. Only Tire service in Sokol was registered from service stations. The stations of the maintenance department, not included in the roadside strip, are located in the settlements located on the FAD "Kolyma". For 834 kilometers there are 40 rest areas (this number corresponds to the norm). In the first place, the most visited roads are equipped with parking lot and toilet. "
According to him, this year is equipped with 11 recreation areas. Work in this direction will continue in the next year, however, while the objects of road service to ensure a comfortable and safe passage to the FAD "Kolyma" is clearly not enough.
The head of the branch of PKU Uprdor "Kolyma" in Magadan is confident that only the participation of small and medium-sized businesses can improve the situation with the arrangement of the roadside infrastructure of the FAD "Kolyma". The field of activity of the Uprdor does not include the equipment of highways with objects of road service. Rosavtodor and, in particular, PKU Uprdor "Kolyma" coordinate the placement of objects in terms of road safety.
Nevertheless, the problem of road service is inherent in all roads of the Russian Federation. A recent Rosavtodor analysis suggests that on federal roads, road service does not meet the real needs of road users. And the main factor of this, as well as in the Magadan region, is the uneven population of a territory. "Our situation is analogous to the entire Far Eastern Federal District," concluded S. Krivoshein.
Another issue is the provision of cellular communication along the entire length of the Kadym FAD highway. This task should be accomplished together by power engineers, telecommunications workers, and the government of the region. The road workers will join the task if such a station is installed in the right of way. But the main protagonist are the mobile operators.
“The lease of satellite channels is a significant part of the costs of telecom operators in carrying out activities in the Magadan region. And the possibility of partial compensation from state financial sources of operators' costs for leasing satellite channels, as well as for power supply of communication facilities, would help intensify work on the organization of communications in remote areas of the region, including along the Kolyma highway, ”she continued.
MTS company covers the network not only the regional center, but also hard-to-reach settlements on the coast of the Sea of Okhotsk. According to the director of MTS in Magadan region Olga Ryabchenko, the mobile communication operator continues to actively develop its own infrastructure in the region. In particular, for 9 months 2014 the company increased the length of fiber-optic communication lines (FOCL) in the region by two times. MTS is also working on various options for the construction of the Sakhalin FOCL-Magadan-Kamchatka on the bottom of the Sea of Okhotsk. It is planned that the new submarine line will connect Okha city on Sakhalin with Magadan and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, and the maximum system capacity will be 8 Tbit / s (80x100G), the total length of communication lines is about 2 thousand km.
“In order to provide the GSM standard with regional and federal roads, where there is not a single settlement for several hundred kilometers, not only cellular communication operators, but also regional administrations and power engineers need to interact,” O. Ryabchenko said. - The main problem of such areas, in addition to the landscape, is the underdeveloped infrastructure that is required for the installation and operation of base stations. Magadan region is one of the most difficult regions of the Far East, with a mountainous landscape and harsh climatic conditions. In addition, the population of the region is unevenly distributed throughout the territory. All this imposes its own characteristics on the construction of the cellular network infrastructure in the region. ”