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How Far Eastern employers solve the personnel question

As the calculations of the Agency for Human Capital Development in the Far East (ARCHC) show, in order to implement new projects before 2021 the district will need to create 90 thousand jobs. And this is without taking into account the employees that will be required for growth by existing companies.

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Photo: aapsky / Shutterstock.com
REALITY AND FORECASTS
- Already, investors are faced with a situation where, coming to the territory, they solve issues related to land, buildings, production, capacity, connection to networks, but they cannot solve personnel issues. Thus, we have a situation when the labor market is unbalanced and the education system does not have clear links with the labor market, said Pavel Ignatiev, first deputy director of the ARLAC, at an expanded meeting of the committee on vehicles and components of the public organization “Business Russia”.

And the director of the Far Eastern branch of the Russian company of Internet recruiting HeadHunter (Hh.ru) Ksenia Averina, speaking at the Eastern Oil and Gas Forum, characterized the satisfaction of the vacancy market with the words “below average”, explaining that experts consider the situation to be good, when there are six offers per vacancy. In the Far East, according to the portal's research, this figure in the first half of the year was in the range from 4 to 4,3. Most of the vacancies offered by employers of the Far Eastern Federal District are in the field of sales, banking, manufacturing, construction and real estate, IT, as well as transport and logistics.

According to Pavel Ignatyev, today there is no sectoral forecast on the need for labor resources on the macroregion scale. But the Agency made a forecast of the most popular professions for several years ahead, based on information on investment projects that are either launched or will be launched in the Far Eastern Federal District. According to him, there will be a growing demand for specialists in the construction and shipbuilding industries, in part thanks to the construction of a superstructure based on the Zvezda plant in the seaside town of Bolshoy Kamen. There, for several years, more than seven thousand workers will be needed. Further on the list is also oil and gas production, the chemical industry - through the organization of large petrochemical industries in the Amur and Primorye. The increase in demand in different sectors will be from 45 to 80 percent, and "in the absence of sufficient educational infrastructure, it can become a serious problem," Ignatiev emphasizes.

"Navigator of professions", Prepared by the ARCHC, does give such an analysis on the future demand for personnel. EastRussia Already covered This analytical product, moreover, it has already been reprinted more than once. At the same time, which is quite significant, this forecast includes newly created workplaces (based on data on investment projects), but does not consider jobs that are retired for various reasons (optimization, reduction, closure of enterprises). 


IN CONDITIONS OF COMPETITION
In search of employees, the Zvezda plant, the anchor investor of the TOR Bolshoy Kamen, became a participant in the state program of mobile employment and received a certificate to attract workers from Russian regions. Everyone who comes to the "Star" under this program will receive 300 thousand rubles: 225 - from the budget, another 75 - will invest the enterprise. The plant has already concluded 18 contracts with students of the St. Petersburg State Maritime Technical University and the Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University named after Alekseev about the intention to work for the enterprise. The company intends to participate in the program in the next year.

- I urge employers to pay attention to this program, it reduces the costs of attracting and adapting staff. But you have to be sure that you can use the employee for three years. This is perhaps an effective support measure that works in the Far Eastern Federal District to attract staff, "says Pavel Ignatyev, suggesting that employers themselves take care of training. By the way, by the way, a few years ago went the car assembly plant "Sollers", since coming to Primorye faced with a shortage of qualified personnel. The existing training center will allow new employees to obtain the necessary competencies.

On the establishment of a corporate training on the basis of the Ussuriisk Locomotive Repair Plant (ULRZ), the company's largest production unit in the region, LokoTech also announced.

- In the Far East, there is tough competition for labor, and enterprises are forced to entice specialists from each other. Often the only way for an employer to find employees is a rotational work system. This creates a situation where, in the struggle for skilled workers, wages are artificially raised, thereby increasing the cost of production of enterprises. This means that domestic companies, creating a high-quality product, are not competitive in the market, - says Alexey Belinsky, member of the General Council of Delovaya Rossiya, Chairman of the Committee for Vehicles and Components and General Director of MC LLC Lokomotivnye Tekhnologii.

Belinsky and Ignatiev are in solidarity: the creation of their own training centers with an educational license will help fill the staff shortage and gaps in profile education, and, as a result, will help increase labor productivity.


PRACTICAL ANALYSIS
According to Alexei Timchenko, chairman of the Primorsky regional department of Business Russia, the practice of creating training centers should be replicated, and if it is impossible, attract specialists from enterprises to universities to give lectures and conduct practical training.

But it is often difficult for universities and employers to find common ground. As noted in the Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, a few years ago the educational process was restructured, and now the future bachelors receive the whole theory in the first three years of training, and on the fourth course for eight months they go to practice. The university noted that such graduates are more ready for real work, moreover, employers are more willing to deal with them. But at the same time it is rather difficult to find places of practice, which often become the first place of work for graduates.

Head of the Department of Transport Machines and Transport and Technological Processes of FEFU Sergey Ugay also recalls the problems with the internship: “Many enterprises say that we have our own process, and the trainees interfere with us. But if there is no practice, then a student will not make a good specialist. Although sometimes enterprises contact us directly if they do not have enough specialist engineers…. We would like the enterprises, despite the difficulties, to cooperate with educational institutions for practice and further employment, ”he suggests.

“Practice is an ideal way to acquire skills and competencies,” says Yulia Keys, head of the personnel department of NNK Primornefteprodukt JSC, agreeing that the company's employees often really have no time and it is inconvenient to devote time to interns who come from time to time for short-term internships. In her opinion, the approach to the practice should be changed - they should take place less often, but become longer - to increase from the generally accepted two weeks, for example, to six months. It would be mutually beneficial: young specialists would have time to go through a full-fledged adaptation period and develop professional competencies. The employer, on the other hand, should take a closer look at effective graduates and include them in the personnel reserve.

Elena Gafforova, director of the School of Economics and Management (SHEM) of the FEFU, said that the key to solving personnel issues in the macroregion is the partnership of universities, development institutions and companies.

- There is a stable trend in the modern world - the connection between education and the economy, the active involvement of universities in the life of the country. The participation of business in the design of new educational programs, joint research of human capital and real needs of employers, forecasting future market needs - all this in combination will provide personnel for the development projects of the Far East, she emphasized, noting that, with the support of ARCHK, SHEM has already launched several educational and scientific projects. FEFU has opened Russia's first Executive MBA Business in Asia program for businessmen, where lecturers are businessmen who have created their own business in Asia and are ready to share with students the peculiarities of intercultural communication, national characteristics, possible risks and obstacles.

To provide the region's projects with the necessary scientific base and analysis, the FEFU and the ARCHC established the Research Center for Demographic Development and the Human Capital Laboratory. Teachers and experts will study migration and return migration, develop a municipal standard of demographic development, prepare an analysis of the shift work method in the Far East. All this will help to understand the prospects and build realistic plans for the struggle for human resources.

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