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From Madona to Magadan
On Kolyma actively resettled residents of unpromising settlements
In the Magadan Region there are several dozens of unpromising villages: once near to them gold was mined, and now the reserves are depleted.
Alexander Boyev transferred the latest items from the village of Madown to his new apartment in Magadan. Here he already got a job and from day to day he awaits the arrival of his wife: she is expecting a child and it has been impossible to delay the move. “There is no work, no kindergarten, no school in Madown - nothing. We have a child very soon appear. The city is a city, and there are no hospitals, no doctors, nothing, ”he said.
The family of Alexander Boyev, like dozens of others, bought an apartment for the money allocated from the regional budget under the program “Intraregional Migration”. The village of Madown - the birthplace of Alexander Boyev - has long been recognized as unpromising. Eighty people live there. Moreover, there are not even public utilities; not a single management company has chosen to work in Madown.
"There is no management company. There is nobody to look after him, to look. And you perfectly understand what happens to a housing fund when they are not engaged. This is the situation when people want to live here, but they can not, because the conditions are not very good. There is no school, no kindergarten, "explained the head of the administration of the village of Madoun Maria Chabrova.
On Kolyma there are also such villages, in which only a few families live. For example, the village of Kolyma in the Srednekansky district was frozen about ten years ago. In winter the boiler room stopped. In the frosts, at fifty, all communications were frozen. But six people still live there. Victor Shokhin is one of the few residents of Kolyma. He was not able to transfer money to the district budget. Now the administration brings him coal, firewood and water.
"Constantly we need to control everything: the stove, water, firewood, so that everything will not catch snow here, otherwise the water carrier will not come. In general, it's rather difficult to live, "Viktor Shokhin said. He and five of his fellow villagers are included in the list of those who need urgent resettlement. Within the framework of the program of intraregional migration, they will be repaired by housing in the neighboring regional center of Seimchan. And the village of Kolyma is finally officially closed.
The practice of work, the officials explain, is the following: the family receives money to purchase housing, the amount is usually only enough for an apartment in other villages in the region. However, if the family has its own savings, they can add and buy an apartment in Magadan. Later, residents can sell their housing in the region and move to the central regions of the country.
In 2015, the rate of resettlement is planned to increase to close at least one or two villages completely. “We are preparing to offer people one of the options: either this is new housing in Magadan, in the regional centers - in Ola, in the Tent. Or at the choice of residents through a certificate it will be possible to purchase such housing. Of course, the allocated funds are not enough to quickly solve this problem. And I hope that the current federal law on the closing villages will be of great help, ”explained the Governor of the Magadan Region, Vladimir Pecheny.
The authorities of the Magadan region are also preparing documents for the appeal to the government of the country on the recognition at the federal level of the closing 11 villages of the region. According to the Federal Law N125 “On Housing Subsidies to Citizens Leaving the Extreme North and Equal Areas”, five settlements were settled almost completely from 2005 (Kulu village of Tenkinsky district, Spornoye village, Elgen village and Tuskan Yagodninsky district, Ust-Srednekan Srednekansky district). 789 certificates were provided to families (1665 people). The pilot project of social restructuring of the Far North regions, implemented from 2002 to 2006 with the involvement of the World Bank for Reconstruction and Development, allowed 4 527 families to be relocated to 10 thousand people in the Susumansky district of the Magadan region.