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IT on permafrost
The tax maneuver will accelerate the development of high technologies in Yakutia
The authorities and representatives of the IT sphere of Yakutia believe that new tax breaks for the industry are necessary and timely in the context of a pandemic. In addition to federal measures of support, Far Eastern digital cameras may need other mechanisms of assistance. EastRussia learned how they feel about the idea of tax breaks for IT in Yakutia from representatives of regional authorities and market participants.
Earlier, the Russian government announced the planned large-scale and unlimited measures of tax support for domestic digital cameras. In particular, income tax for IT companies can be reduced from 20% to 3%, and insurance premiums - from 14 to 7,6%. In addition, it is planned to abolish VAT on advertising of developments and software on foreign digital platforms.
IT IN YAKUTIA: EXPORT, START-UP, TECHNOLOGICAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP
In Yakutia, the development of the IT industry is not a long-term development plan. The republic is known for its developed information technology industry.
“The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) provides 82% of the export of IT services in the Far East, ranking first in the Far Eastern Federal District. In 2019, compared to 2018, the volume of export of IT services almost doubled and amounted to about two billion rubles, ”says Anatoly Semyonov, Minister of Innovation, Digital Development and Information and Communication Technologies of the Republic.
Several Yakut companies have become world famous. For example, Uber's Yakut competitor, inDriver, has more than 50 million users in 31 countries. inDriver is ranked in the top 3 largest ridesharing services in the world, according to research agency Sensor Tower.
Projects of the Yakut mobile game developer MyTona are in the top grossing games on the mobile market in the USA, Russia, Western Europe and other countries. The team created the popular games Seekers Notes, Cooking Diary, Ravenhill and others. And these are only the flagships of the market. Besides them, there are many startups and small companies that are developing with the support of Technopark Yakutia. Its infrastructure complex includes a regional engineering center, a biotechnology laboratory with research and production technology equipment that can be used by innovative companies.
Also, technological projects are being carried out on the basis of the Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University. Since 2012, the OREH business incubator has been operating at NEFU, which supports students in the development of their technological ideas. There have already grown such well-known projects throughout the country as the VeDroid robot cleaner and the CentVire studio - she was entrusted with the creation of a virtual project of the bridge over Lena.
The company "MultiDitek" is known both in Russia and in the world, which produces children's books with augmented reality technologies - they are sold throughout Russia and abroad.
As Anatoly Semyonov notes, support from above means new opportunities for the further development of the industry.
“This is a very timely and correct decision. We, in due time, on behalf of the Association for the Development of the IT-industry of Yakutia raised the issue of reducing tax rates. And now we are heard! This is a great achievement for the entire IT industry, "the minister emphasizes.
The head of the innovation department is confident that the support measures will give Yakut companies new opportunities for the active development of their projects, which will become in demand on the world market.
“The measures proposed by the president demonstrate the fact that the country is betting on the development and support of high technologies,” summarizes Semenov.
В ADVANCED DEVELOPMENT REGIME
The head of the republic, Aisen Nikolaev, proposes to go further and create a special preferential treatment for Far Eastern IT companies. Digitizers of the Far East should be in the area of special attention, he said. On August 18, Nikolaev, during a meeting on the socio-economic development of the Far Eastern Federal District in Blagoveshchensk, invited the Chairman of the Russian Government, Mikhail Mishustin, to consider the possibility of introducing a new Advanced Development Territory (TOP) regime for the Far East for companies in the fields of science-intensive and digital technologies.
“We propose to consider the possibility of implementing additional measures to support high-tech projects in the Far East, including offering such a concept as a territory of advanced development“ digital ”. The main goals of the "digital" TOP are to create conditions for high-tech businesses in the Far East and the foundation for the long-term development of the entire district, as well as to open offices and centers of leading Russian companies doing business in this area in the Far East, and to create new highly paid jobs. ", - said Nikolaev.
He noted that the current TOP regime binds residents to a specific place, and IT companies could be provided with the opportunity to remotely obtain resident status. Nikolaev suggested extending similar measures to science-intensive industries.
ЧMARKET PARTICIPANTS THINK
Nikolai Potapov, director of the Yakut company Autonomous Technologies (a resident of Skolkovo and the Yakutia technopark) for the development of smart cleaners, is confident that tax incentives will stop the migration of talented personnel to Western countries.
“Why go somewhere if you can work from home and earn decent money? The market is large enough and far from saturation. This can be viewed by the available vacancies. Now we need programmers, designers, targeting specialists, SMM specialists and other personnel for the creative industry. The growth potential is huge, and tax breaks will allow the market to grow significantly, ”Potapov said.
Sergey Protopopov, the founder and president of the Boontar IT company, economist, lawyer, postgraduate student at the RANEPA, resident of the Yakutia technopark, believes that the future of IT in Yakutia is in new companies.
“The further development of the IT sector of the economy in Yakutia largely depends on how the current small IT teams will grow, transform into companies, and formalize their rights to the same special tax conditions. It is advisable to subsidize the costs of renting offices, which, in fact, are production areas for IT companies. Subsidize the rent of other property, for example, production equipment, payment for special software, software and clouds, that is, the cost of servers and other infrastructure, "- said Sergei Protopopov.
According to the entrepreneur, Yakutia has unique conditions when, in spite of everything, real examples of local successful creative businesses have appeared for many entrepreneurs, while the conjuncture of the global IT market is as loyal to new players as possible, and the region and the federation are making serious efforts to develop the industry ...
“Now, when the president of the country proposes a tax maneuver, you need to seize the moment and direct the maximum budgetary money and money from state enterprises to the development of the industry. This can be done by placing orders, providing subsidies and grants, building properties for collective use and preferential leases, launching projects with private businesses, placing orders on behalf of the same schools and departments. Particular attention should be paid to IT companies exporting products and developments to foreign countries, because money from abroad is, so to speak, “net profit” for the country and the region, ”notes Protopopov.
IT-industry of Yakutia: figures and facts
● The republic is among the 12 best subjects of the Russian Federation in terms of the export of IT services.
● An IT ecosystem has been created in Yakutia, which supports projects, including those at the early stages of development. For example, Accelerator B8 has already released three streams - the first accelerator in the Far East for startups in the field of IT, biotechnology and innovative production. More than a hundred technological projects are being developed with the support of Technopark and IT Park. The selection of the most promising start-ups in the Far Eastern Federal District takes place within the framework of the "Startup Expedition" - the largest technological project competition in the macroregion.
● Today more than 400 IT companies work in Yakutia.
● In Yakutia, the only Direct and Venture Investment Fund with state participation was created in the Far Eastern Federal District, which is actively involved in investment activities. The Yakutia Venture Company has financed 50 projects for a total of 672 rubles. The average investment for a project is 400 million rubles.
● The One Click Yakutia portal, a digital project aimed at interaction between citizens, government and business, is successfully operating in the republic. Using the platform, residents of Yakutia can directly communicate with representatives of municipalities, executive and legislative bodies of state power, and responsible services.
● The republic has built 8 thousand kilometers of fiber optic, including in remote Arctic regions. 86% of residents have access to high-speed Internet. In the next 4 years, high-speed Internet should cover more than 90% of the republic's population.