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A story inspired by the results
The main milestones in the development of Komsomolsk-on-Amur
1932 year. Start of the city
“9 May 1932, I got up early in the morning, dragged ice into the cellar. Then our whole family gathered for breakfast. The sun rose above the Pivanskaya hill. She was clearly visible from the window. Hear the beep - this "Columbus" (steamer) is so welcomed. Only guys came, not a single girl. Who is from Kiev, who is from Odessa, who is from where ... Let's put up tents. The steamship “Ilyich” came to 16: 00, the authorities arrived ... On the next day ... a rally was organized. Cattel (head of construction) spoke about the construction of the city, the shipyard. " Thus, according to the memoirs of Maria Ivanovna Svistunova (Boromotova), a resident of the village of Permskoe, construction began on the country's future defense outpost in the Far East - Komsomolsk-on-Amur.
The city began to build on the site of the village of Perm, which was founded in August 1860, by immigrants from the Perm province.
A year has passed since the day when the first builders of the city landed on the bank of the Amur. During this time, it was possible to build more or less tolerable housing for workers (huts covered with clay, dugout, barracks), the most necessary social institutions. By this time, 255 ha of taiga had been uprooted, 13,5 ha of marshes had been drained, 29 kilometers of roads had been laid.
12 June 1933 year was laid the first stone in the foundation of the shipyard. And 18 July 1934, the first factory building of the aviation plant was laid.
1936 year. Aviation plant produced the first aircraft
"... I am happy with your successes. I send you greetings to the entire factory team of workers and engineers. " So the People's Commissar of Heavy Industry GK Ordzhonikidze sent a telegram congratulating 1 May 1936 year workers Komsomolsk-on-Amur aircraft factory with the release of the first aircraft. It was a multi-purpose reconnaissance aircraft and a R-6 bomber designed by AN Tupolev. Thus began the production history of one of the most modern and advanced enterprises of our country, which produces the best combat and civil aircraft in the world.
The history of the plant is inextricably linked with almost all the outstanding names of the domestic aircraft industry - A. N. Tupolev, S. A. Ilyushin, A. I. Mikoyan, P.O. Dry
For more than 80 years of its operation, the enterprise has produced several thousand combat aircraft: one of the most famous MiG-15 aircraft in the world, and also successfully mastered the outstanding Sukhoi design bureaus - SU-7 family aircraft. This is the only plant in Russia that produces single- and double-seat aircraft modifications of the SU-27 family.
Today the branch of PJSC "Company Sukhoi" KnAAZ them. Yu. A. Gagarin is a high-tech production of multi-purpose fighters SU-30M2, multi-functional super maneuvering fighters SU-35S, as well as a prospective aviation complex of front-line aviation of the fifth generation T-50.
KNAAZ - the largest aircraft factory in the country for the production of combat aircraft.
1966 year. Opening of the Museum of Fine Arts
Komsomolsk-on-Amur is in many ways an unusual city. This was manifested in the history of its Museum of Fine Arts. By the way, not every city in the Far East, and in the country, has its own museum of fine arts.
In 1965, Moscow artists S. S. Vitukhnovskaya and H. M. Sandler, through the newspapers Moscow Artist and Soviet Culture, turned to the artists of the country with a proposal to create a museum in the City of Youth. And on January 25, the Museum of Fine Arts in Komsomolsk-on-Amur opened the doors to visitors. And by 1974, the museum had about 1,3 thousand works collected through artists and museums from all over the country.
Currently, the museum has more than 16 thousand exhibits in the collection. The art of the post-revolutionary period is widely represented; a collection of Russian and foreign industrial graphics is unique, covering a long period from the 1870 to the 1960. A special place is occupied by a rich collection of traditional art of the indigenous peoples of the Amur region - Nanai, Ulchi, Udygei, Negidal, Nivkh, Even, Evenki. Foreign art is represented by works of artists from China, Korea, Japan, the USA and other countries of the world.
The museum conducts purposeful collecting and research work on the art of the Russian Far East and the countries of the Asia-Pacific region, and organizes meetings with artists, art masters, concerts, folklore festivals, exhibitions of children's art.
This year the Museum of Fine Arts of Komsomolsk-on-Amur celebrated its 50-year anniversary.
2013 year. Victory over the elements
In 2013, an unprecedented flood threatened Komsomolsk-on-Amur. In the history of the city, which has repeatedly experienced natural disasters, nothing like this. The water level in Amur rose to the mark 9 and 12. See. In those days of August and September, thousands of Komsomol members worked on dams to save their hometown.
Employees of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the military, who participated in the rescue operation, noted that they had never seen such an upsurge of patriotism that was in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. But many of them had dozens of emergency situations in our country and around the world.
In works to build dikes, create temporary protective structures, 334 units of construction equipment were used, of which 200 dump trucks. About 600 thousand cubic meters were delivered to the protective structures. M soil. Harvested and packed about 1,5 million bags of sand.
2890 people were evacuated from the flooded areas, of which more than 1 thousand people were placed in temporary accommodation centers, which were deployed 26 in the days of the flood. Flood victims received more than 45 thous. Of food rations.
The water element flooded 75 apartment buildings and 1283 individual houses. Over the entire period of the flood, 15 900 Komsomol members were recognized as affected by it.
For almost two months, there was a struggle with the elements. And the Komsomol members, with the support of servicemen, fighters of the Ministry of Emergency Measures, the government of the country and the region, stood and won. From the water, almost the whole city and its city-forming enterprises were preserved. Despite the fact that a significant number of citizens were involved in the flood control, this did not affect the work of enterprises. All of them continued to work and produce world-class products, creating modern military equipment to strengthen the country's defense potential. The growth in the industrial production of the city in 2013 amounted to 120%.
2015 year. A submarine built and repaired at the Amur Shipyard was given the honorary title "Komsomolsk-on-Amur"
In July, 2015, the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy Viktor Chirkov, by his order, assigned the diesel-electric submarine of the 877 Varshavyanka project the honorary title of Komsomolsk-on-Amur.
The submarine was built at the Amur Shipyard in 1991. For 2003 year, she performed tasks in the Pacific Navy. In 1997, she participated in international arms exhibitions in Vladivostok, Thailand, and Malaysia. In 2003 year it was transferred for repair in the village of Bolshoy Kamen Primorsky Krai, then - to the Amur shipbuilding plant in Komsomolsk-on-Amur.
29 April 2016 of the year at the completion of the Amur shipbuilding plant, part of the United Shipbuilding Corporation, it was re-launched.
An agreement on the patronage of Komsomolsk-on-Amur over the crew of the submarine was signed between the administration of the city and the command of the Pacific Fleet.
The assignment of the name “Komsomolsk-on-Amur” to a warship is symbolic. 84, Komsomolsk-on-Amur stands guard over the country. During this time, its inhabitants built thousands of combat aircraft, hundreds of warships, and produced other defense products. Amur Shipyard for 80 years of its history has released more than 300 units of ships for various purposes, of which around 200 ships for the Navy, mastered the production of three dozen types of combat and civilian ships. Thanks largely to the shipyard Komsomolsk-on-Amur, it gained fame as a recognized industrial center of the Far East.