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The investor should not prove to the official that he is a good man - Yuri Trutnev
"We have to admit that there is not much dynamic on regional investment projects"
The plenipotentiary of the Russian president in the Far East, Deputy Prime Minister Yury Trutnev, in an interview with Rossiyskaya Gazeta, spoke in detail about his impressions and conclusions about the problems faced by the new law on the issuance of Far Eastern hectares in the Far Eastern Federal District, the tasks facing the Russians , Wishing to move to the Far East, and the need to teach regional officials to work effectively with domestic and foreign investors.
Now we can say that interest in the site is rush. At the same time, Moscow is the first in interest. Most often, the callers to the site are just Muscovites. This means that the potential of interest, which will turn into investment demand, is high. It must be remembered that land is an investment. By definition and by law, you can not just take it and sit on it from above, doing nothing.
Now erased the scope of categories of land. There were big disputes on this topic, the opinion won that it is not necessary to drive citizens by officials, to force them to transfer lands from category to category. You just need to untie the hands and give people the right to freely choose the land and type of activity on it.
Regarding the actively promoted by a number of media outlets that the law on the issuance of a "Far Eastern" hectare contradicts the Land Code, Yuri Trutnev pointed out that the law on the "Far Eastern" hectare does not conflict with the code for the simple reason that it is an exception to it.
This is a different law, and it is completely at odds with the legislation on which land is provided in other territories of Russia. It must be remembered that the tax legislation in the Far East, in the territories of priority development (TOP), is quite different than in other regions, because fundamentally different preferential conditions for investors have been created there.
The fact that something does not correspond to something is, unfortunately, the expected reaction of officials who for some unknown reason consider the regional land their property. It is already obvious that they are trying in every possible way to hinder the work of the law. It is clear that in such situations there will still be problems.
The result of self-selection of pilot regions by the start of the law on the issuance of a Far Eastern hectare was a certain percentage imbalance - Chukotka is ready to provide the largest area under the Far Eastern hectare, Magadan Region provides the least land.
Yuri Trutnev noted that he had spoken seriously enough to the governors, drawing their attention to the amount of reserved land withdrawn from the distribution, because the deputy prime minister is sure that the land in Russia belongs to the people. If it is possible to take into account the interests of people as much as possible, it means that better conditions will be created for life in the Far East, for the development of the economy. This will be the fulfillment of the task that confronts the state.
Of course, there are functions such as border protection, ecology, etc., but they are all spelled out in the law, which preserves the necessary protective functions. There are no risks here. And everything else must be given.
“This is a pilot project, I am not atrocious. While looking at the governors. But when we proceed to the allocation throughout the territory, I will understand for each subject: what kind of land is taken out of circulation, why, and we will act very strictly in this regard. Those cases where the regions "put something for themselves under the chair" will not work. This is a bad story that smells like corruption. Here we will go to victory, ”said Deputy Prime Minister Yury Trutnev.
The Vice Prime Minister confirmed that the mortgage rates for those who received a hectare expected by many Russians would be lower than in the whole country. On this issue, there is a close work with the Agency for Housing Mortgage Lending (AHML), which promises to reduce half a percent from its own profit. This, of course, is a noble wish, but not enough, said the Deputy Prime Minister.
The cost of resources, said Yuri Trutnev, is associated with rising inflation. If a person buys a part today for 100 rubles and knows that by the end of the year it will cost 110 rubles, then a loan in this situation cannot cost 5 percent. After all, then nothing needs to be done, you just need to buy materials, wait for the end of the year and sell them.
So the economy does not work, the deputy prime minister said. It is necessary to be able to use this inflation in economic processes, as large companies do successfully. It is clear that not always can a small enterprise do this.
According to Yury Trutnev, the rate of inflation plus the same
“Well, you are lowering us half a percentage point, let's also make proposals on a mechanism for reducing mortgage rates on the Far Eastern hectare, and I will think how to implement this in the government. It will be preferential in any case, but I want it to be “very preferential.” We will work in this direction, ”the plenipotentiary noted.
Mass media regularly report that the volume of declared investments in the Far East has exceeded already a trillion rubles. But, unfortunately, many at the same time forget that the amount of declared investment means only that the investor promised to build a factory, having invested in 2016 so much, in 2017 - so much else. The plant will be built, for example, five years. And only if you sum up all these investments, then you get a trillion.
“If today a real trillion has already been attracted to the region of the Far East, we would feel it. We will definitely attract this trillion and will definitely feel it, but it will still take several years, ”says Yury Trutnev.
While we have to admit that the regional investment projects are not particularly dynamic. There, to put it bluntly, there was a gross bureaucratic mistake. Our some very clever colleagues wrote this law in such a way that there was some kind of labyrinth on which it was necessary to pass the investor, and as a result no one was able to pass this labyrinth.
The law was, formally the president's order seemed to have been fulfilled, but in fact there was not. It was necessary to seriously use the powers of the vice-premier to turn the situation completely.
Now a law has been passed, under which the investor should not prove to the official that he is good. And this is a fundamental story. The investor has not yet gone to this labyrinth of bureaucratic approvals, because there has always been the possibility that if a body recognizes an investor to the relevant requirements of a regional investment project today, he can always say that the investor has ceased to meet these requirements tomorrow. And then all the benefits that are received, become arrears on admission to the budget. This is all the end of the business.
Now everything is redone, the new law has just begun to work. It will definitely be useful. But it’s too early to improvise on statistics. Presumably, months through
Assessing possible problems in the way of development of the new economic policy of the region, Yury Trutnev drew attention to the fact that in the Far Eastern Federal District a new strategy, new tools and a new practice of work were created immediately. To hope that suddenly all of them would immediately convert to their belief that every official throughout the Far East would suddenly suddenly cease to live as he had lived before and start working exclusively on business, on the development of the economy and the country, it would be Strange.
Much work remains to be done to ensure that every official thinks about the development of the country, about the benefits of each person. And when this happens, when every state, regional or municipal employee starts to think exclusively about the welfare of the people, Russia will not have competitors.
Regarding the key problems of the Far East - with seasonal roads, with broken airports, with infrastructure that was built 30 years ago, and from strong winds just falls, with housing stock in an ugly state - the situation looks very tough, says vice-nuXXUMmeier.
That is why the president of the country defined the development of the Russian Far East as a national priority. Therefore, it is possible to apply those tools that are not used in other regions.
That, with which the work began - this is not an accident. To be able to deal with social and other burning problems of people to invest in social programs, they must first be earned.
And when they are earned, there will be other opportunities. The most important indicator is that one budget ruble accounts for 12 rubles of private investment. This is the most effective use of budget funds when the state invests 1 ruble, and 12 rubles were brought by investors. Because without this multiplier, the situation cannot be overcome, only by budget means it is impossible to develop the vast territory of the Far East.
The amendments to the Law on Fisheries adopted at the beginning of June in the first reading can also play a significant role in the development of the regional fisheries complex.
Yuri Trutnev sure that a simple solution to this issue does not exist. At the moment, he heads the sub-commission on fisheries activities in the Far East and is well acquainted with the real situation in the region. As a result, the Deputy Prime Minister is sure that no simple changes in the legislation will immediately launch the necessary processes.
"We gave a quota to a person for the construction of ships. Where did he go with this quota, who will build it? Fishing boats were not built for many years. People are used to buying them abroad. They come to Korea, open a catalog, choose a ship, a rig, an engine, and then they get a term and a price. And the buyer understands that this is a real time and price. Nobody will say: sorry, they say, we have built the nose part of the ship, and there is not enough money for the stern. It's impossible. This is only a declaration that we can build ships in Russia. This is a huge risk that can not be imposed solely on the investor. And shipbuilding enterprises will not take this risk either, "Yury Trutnev said.
All the risks of the production of the first series of vessels must be assumed by the state, they cannot be imposed on investors, the vice-premier is sure.
We are talking about the entire financial superstructure, which is associated with indirect costs, with the costs of creating production, etc. And the investor will remain the net price of the vessel, it should not be higher than in Korea, China or the US. All the rest will be paid for through the program of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, through concessional loans and other financial instruments. Then there will be something to talk about with investors.
In the program for the long-term development of the Far East, Komsomolsk-on-Amur is now playing a special role, an interesting city where people know how to build good planes. On the other hand, it is a city that has remained aloof from the processes of development of social infrastructure, housing and communal services. Therefore, the president decided that the city economy should be pulled up to the level of production and technology that exists in the city.
This program involves federal executive authorities, the total investment exceeds 62 billion rubles. The current task is to make a schedule: what, when and where will be built. And then this schedule needs to be followed. The event has come - they have to build a school, present the result. Not built - we write a report to the chairman of the government, let's punish the deputy minister. A couple of times punished, kicked out of work. A new, energetic, intelligent one came and drove on.
In September this year, the second Eastern Forum will be held, which has already become an absolutely expected event. And now, when investors were invited to the Eastern Forum, there were no questions - What is it? What is in the program? The people said: “To Vladivostok? In the fall? Of course, we are going. " There is confidence that the VEF-2016 will have interesting and competitive content. Among the tasks posed is the obligatory receipt of feedback from the forum participants, because not everything goes smoothly, for sure there is something that can be done even better.
As one of the problems that strains him on the eve of the second WEF, Yury Trutnev outlined the situation in Vladivostok with the construction of hotels planned for WEF-2015. As there were no hotels, the plenipotentiary said, so, unfortunately, the respected maritime authorities still do not plan to put them into operation this year, although they promised. It is hard to say why they work so poorly, but from the point of view of receiving guests, the organizers of the VEF still have to learn how to do it. And hotels should be required. Among the forum participants are the leaders of the largest companies, and it is rather difficult to settle them at a normal level. Of course, no one will live in tents. But we need a hotel of a certain level.
This is one of the main issues in preparing for the forum, said Deputy Prime Minister Yury Trutnev.