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The investment attractiveness of each region depends on the interest of its administration as a result of
The Far Eastern representative office of the Agency for Strategic Initiatives (ASI), which deals with improving the investment climate in the Far Eastern Federal District, will soon celebrate its triennium
The work of the ASI, designed by the country's leadership to maximize the interest of Russian and foreign investors to work in Russia, has been transformed into what specific cases and prospects, East Russia asked Olga Kurilova, the head of the ASI office in the Far Eastern Federal District, to tell.
- Today, the work of ASI in the Far East is based on a combination of a number of main areas in which the Agency operates. I will tell about each in more detail.
The direction "Social projects" is all that is connected with the social component - increasing the share of the non-state sector of pre-school education, additional education, providing people with disabilities with modern technological means of rehabilitation, tailored to individual characteristics, and organizing further social support.
The initiative "New model of additional education for children" aims to involve as many children as possible in engineering and research activities in various fields. According to the statistics of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia, more than 50% of schoolchildren attend institutions of additional education, while only 4% of them are involved in scientific and technical creativity. Meanwhile, the Russian economy and industry need skilled engineering personnel, scientists and technologists. Within the framework of this initiative, pilot regions have been chosen, in the territory of which the first children's technoparks will appear. This is the Republic of Tatarstan, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area, Altai Territory, Moscow Region, Novosibirsk Region and Moscow.
The next no less important area is the "Young Professionals", which successfully implements several initiatives in the field of personnel potential of the regions.
The system of dual education is when the practical part of the training takes place in the workplace, and the theoretical part - on the basis of the educational organization. Such a system presupposes co-financing of educational programs for the training of personnel for a specific workplace by commercial enterprises interested in qualified personnel and regional authorities interested in developing the economy and raising the standard of living in the region.
The Worldskills movement is an international movement that promotes the development of professional competencies and enhances the prestige of highly qualified personnel, demonstrating the importance of skills for economic growth and personal success.
The direction “New Business” is monitoring the implementation of existing roadmaps, as well as launching the project NPI 2.0. These are the problematic niches that complicate the conduct of business in Russia and are not covered by the existing road maps. As well as the “investment elevator” - the creation of an effective mechanism to support non-commodity business, which will allow enterprises with export potential to triple the share of exports and bring our country to the top ten countries.
And last but not least, these are all projects that are related to improving the investment climate.
One of the key projects to improve the investment climate in the country is the National Rating of the state of the investment climate in the regions of the Russian Federation. This Rating evaluates the results of the efforts of all levels of government in the region to create a favorable business environment.
One of the assignments of the President of the Russian Federation following the results of the National Rating presented at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum in June 2015 was the establishment of special headquarters, that is, project offices inside which will become administrations of development, will ensure the introduction of better mechanisms for creating a favorable investment climate. And the implementation of the project approach will be implemented with the goal of orienting the activities of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation to the result and moving from the functional model in the work on introducing the best management practices to project management.
That is, under the head of the region, a team is formed of officials and entrepreneurs who promote concrete economic projects, and at the same time they try to minimize the number and timing of all kinds of interdepartmental coordination procedures within business processes. After all, the main task of ASI is to increase the investment attractiveness of the regions, primarily by eliminating administrative barriers.
Ideally, the entire bureaucratic burden should be minimized with tools such as multifunctional centers (MFCs), for example. Virtualization of formal procedures saves a tremendous amount of time and money. But to solve this task (to make it successful) it is necessary to involve the highest floors of the regional executive power. That is why it was not accidental that during the recent Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok the idea to invite heads of regions to head project offices was voiced.
Life practice confirms the correctness of this approach. The investment attractiveness of the regions, determined from the experience of implementing investment projects, and the best results of last year's National Rating of the Investment Climate in the Subjects ("East Russia" wrote about it in August this year) showed that those entities (Tambov, Ulyanovsk, Belgorod, Kaluga Oblasts, the Republic Tatarstan), where the project office is headed by the first person, take first place in the rating.
So far, only four of the heads of the Far Eastern subjects - the heads of the Khabarovsk Territory, the Magadan and Amur regions, and the Jewish Autonomous Region - have agreed to take over the management of the project offices directly. The rest should be decided before November 1 - to head it yourself or to entrust this matter to your deputies.
- Is it possible to eliminate administrative barriers with the help of modern technologies today?
- A new software application has been launched in Khabarovsky Krai since November, allowing to track the receipt of a building permit: in which department of which department is the application, at what stage is it being considered ...
With the help of organizational and technological solutions, we (ASI) managed to shorten the terms of a number of licensing procedures for business in a year with a small one. For example, the connection to the electricity network today in Russia on average takes 106 days, and in 2013 took about 260 days.
- Within the framework of ASI, more than two years ago, an additional tool for financing regional projects began to work - the MIR Foundation (modernization, investment, development). On what terms?
- Funding conditions are standard: the Fund receives its share in the capital of the enterprise and in the subsequent expected profit. The enterprise itself is credited through a partner bank for the amount of
- ASI promotes the idea of dual education, in which the future specialist studies the theory in a university or a technical school, and the practical part, working on a particular enterprise. But how in the present conditions can this be realized?
- In some regions of the Far East, this is already being implemented. For example, in the Khabarovsk Territory, two industrial territories of advanced socio-economic development (TOSED or TOP) have been established, focused on aircraft and shipbuilding. To provide personnel for enterprises operating in these zones, in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, SPOs are already working on the principle of dual education, as well as an Engineering School is being created, where students will receive practical knowledge at enterprises.
Also, the task of providing industrial enterprises with personnel is realized through the inclusion of Russian regions - with the help of ASI - into the WorldSkills movement. This is an international non-profit movement whose goal is to enhance the prestige of the working professions and the development of vocational education both in each individual country and throughout the world as a whole.
WorldSkills is realized through the annual world championships, in which young people take part - qualified workers, students, college students - under the age of 22.
Competitions are held in dozens and even hundreds of specialties, specializations and competences. At the World Championship, the winners of the WorldSkills national championships, which, in turn, are formed from the winners of the regional championships. In the Far Eastern Federal District such regional championship will be held in April 2016 in Khabarovsk. It will present more than 30 competencies from different industries. We are doing everything to ensure that the Far East is comprehensively represented in these competitions. And the heads of some subjects - Sakha (Yakutia), Khabarovsk Territory - provide significant financial and organizational support to these competitions and strongly encourage the winners to further study in prestigious educational institutions and work for the benefit of their native land.
Russia has gone its own way and organized the National Championships of the end-to-end working professions of high-tech industries using WorldSkills methodology - the High-Tech Championship (personally supervised by Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin).
At the National Championship Hi-Tech-2015, as well as last year, there will also be JuniorSkills competitions for schoolchildren
- The Russian government is trying to take a course on non-primary exports. Does the ASI take any steps in this direction in the Far East?
- Starting next year, we will supervise two or three export-oriented enterprises from the Far Eastern Federal District in order to support them in entering the markets of the APR countries.
- Is it possible to do more in detail ... And what kind of business are we talking about?
- First of all, these are enterprises that want to cooperate with the Agency. The initiative came from companies that produce jewelry in the Far East and have experience of working with countries of the Asia-Pacific region. For the sake of reducing all time, financial, logistic and energy costs, enterprises are ready to produce and export jewelry through Vladivostok, and not through Moscow (as is happening now). That is, all operations of customs clearance to make here, especially since they promise to simplify as much as possible in connection with giving the city the status of a free port.
The next direction of non-primary exports, which is voiced by entrepreneurs, is dairy and meat products (chilled semi-finished meat products). These types of products are also extremely in demand today in the countries of Southeast Asia.
But here, for example, an enterprise such as the Vladivostok ice-cream factory meets certain barriers. And we are trying to eliminate them ...
- But after all, the ASI does not have the right of legislative initiative and it can not initiate changes in the same Customs Code ...
- Yes, but entrepreneurs have this right. Make proposals for changes to the current legislation in the framework of the current NIP road maps.
- You have said more than once that the ASI in the Far East has an effective feedback from the business community. What are the main concerns of small and medium-sized business in the region?
- Limited access to financial resources as a result of a sharp rise in the cost of bank loans, the continuous growth of energy tariffs, lack of competition for participation in public procurement, the creation in the media and public opinion of a not very positive image of the entrepreneur as such. In all these situations, the ASI is called upon to counteract, building cooperation with other institutions that support entrepreneurship as the mainstay of the economy.
Agency of strategic initiatives for the promotion of new projects (ASI) - Valid from 11 August 2011. It is a Russian autonomous non-profit organization set up by the Government of Russia to implement a set of measures in the economic and social spheres.
In particular, for the promotion of priority projects, the implementation of measures to improve the business environment in Russia, the development of professional personnel.
Chairman of the Supervisory Board - Vladimir Putin. Director General of the Agency - Andrei Nikitin.
ASI has representative offices in all federal districts of the Russian Federation. The Far Eastern representation of the ASI is located in Vladivostok.