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The investment attractiveness of each region depends on the interest of its administration as a result of
The Far Eastern representative office of the Agency for Strategic Initiatives (ASI), which deals with improving the investment climate in the Far Eastern Federal District, will soon celebrate its triennium
"East Russia" asked Olga Kurilova, head of the ASI representative office in the Far Eastern Federal District, to tell what concrete cases and prospects the work of the ASI, called by the country's leadership to attract to the maximum interest of Russian and foreign investors in working in Russia, was transformed.
- Today the work of the ASI in the Far East is based on a combination of a number of main directions in which the Agency operates. I'll tell you about each in more detail.
The Social Projects direction is everything related to the social component - an increase in the share of the non-state sector of preschool education, additional education, provision of people with disabilities with modern technological rehabilitation tools, selected taking into account individual characteristics, as well as the organization of further social support.
The initiative "New Model of Continuing Education for Children" aims to involve as many children as possible in engineering, design and research activities in various fields. According to statistics from the Russian Ministry of Education and Science, more than 50% of schoolchildren attend additional education institutions, while only 4% of them are involved in scientific and technical creativity. Meanwhile, the Russian economy and industry are in need of qualified engineering personnel, scientists and technologists. Within the framework of this initiative, pilot regions have been selected, on the territory of which the first children's technoparks will appear. These are the Republic of Tatarstan, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Altai Territory, Moscow Region, Novosibirsk Region and the city of Moscow.
The next no less important area is "Young Professionals", which is successfully implementing several initiatives in the field of human resources in the regions.
The dual education system is when the practical part of the training takes place at the workplace, and the theoretical part is based on the educational organization. Such a system involves joint financing of educational programs for training personnel for a specific workplace by commercial enterprises interested in qualified personnel and regional authorities interested in developing the economy and improving the standard of living in the region.
The Worldskills Movement is an international movement that promotes the development of professional competencies and enhances the prestige of highly qualified personnel, demonstrating the importance of skills and abilities for economic growth and personal success.
The "New Business" direction is monitoring the implementation of existing road maps, as well as the launch of the NPI 2.0 project. These are the problematic niches that complicate doing business in Russia and are not covered by the existing roadmaps. And also the "investment lift" - the creation of an effective mechanism for supporting non-resource business, which will allow enterprises with export potential to triple the share of exports and bring our country to the top ten countries.
And last but not least, there are all projects related to improving the investment climate.
One of the key projects to improve the investment climate in the country is the National rating of the investment climate in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. This Rating evaluates the results of the efforts of the authorities at all levels in the region to create a favorable business environment.
One of the instructions of the President of the Russian Federation following the results of the National Rating presented at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum in June 2015 was the creation of special headquarters, that is, project offices inside, which will become a kind of development administrations, will ensure the introduction of the best mechanisms for creating a favorable investment climate. And the implementation of the project approach will be carried out with the aim of orienting the activities of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation to the result and the transition from a functional model in the work of introducing the best management practices to project management.
That is, under the head of the region, a team of officials and entrepreneurs is formed who promote specific economic projects, and at the same time try to minimize the number and terms of all kinds of interagency coordination procedures within business processes. After all, the main task of the ASI is to increase the investment attractiveness of the regions, primarily by eliminating administrative barriers.
Ideally, all bureaucratic burden should be minimized with tools such as multifunctional centers (MFCs), for example. Virtualization of formal procedures saves an enormous amount of time and money. But in solving this problem (for it to be successful) it is necessary to involve the highest levels of the regional executive power. Therefore, it is no coincidence that during the recent Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok, the idea was voiced to invite the heads of the regions themselves to head the project offices.
Life practice confirms the correctness of this approach. The investment attractiveness of the regions, determined from the experience of implementing investment projects, and the best results of last year's National rating of the state of the investment climate in the constituent entities (East Russia wrote about it in August of this year) showed that those constituent entities (Tambov, Ulyanovsk, Belgorod, Kaluga regions, the Republic Tatarstan), where the project office is headed by the first person, occupy the first places in the rating.
Of the heads of the Far Eastern regions, only four so far - the heads of the Khabarovsk Territory, Magadan, Amur Regions, and the Jewish Autonomous Region - have agreed to take over the management of project offices directly. The rest must decide before November 1 - to head themselves or entrust this matter to their deputies.
- Is it possible to eliminate administrative barriers using modern technologies today?
- In the Khabarovsk Territory, a new software application has been launched since November that allows you to track the receipt of a building permit: in which department of which department the application is located, at what stage is it being considered ...
With the help of organizational and technological solutions, we (ASI) managed to halve the terms of a number of licensing procedures for business in a little over a year. For example, connecting to power grids today takes 106 days on average across Russia, and back in 2013 it took about 260 days.
- Within the ASI, more than two years ago, an additional instrument for financing regional projects began to work - the MIR (modernization, investment, development) fund. On what terms?
- Standard financing conditions: the Fund receives its share in the capital of the enterprise and in the subsequent expected profit. The company itself is credited through a partner bank in the amount
- ASI promotes the idea of dual education, in which a future specialist studies theory at a university or technical school, and the practical part, working at a specific enterprise. But how can this be realized under current conditions?
- In a number of regions of the Far East this is already being implemented. For example, in the Khabarovsk Territory, two industrial territories of advanced socio-economic development (TASED or TOR) have been established, focused on aircraft and shipbuilding. To provide personnel for enterprises working in these zones, open source vocational education is already operating in Komsomolsk-on-Amur on the principle of dual education, and an Engineering School is being created, where students will receive practical knowledge at the enterprises.
Also, the task of providing industrial enterprises with personnel is embodied through the inclusion of Russian regions - with the help of ASI - in the WorldSkills movement. This is an international non-profit movement, the goal of which is to increase the prestige of blue-collar professions and develop professional education both in each individual country and around the world as a whole.
WorldSkills is implemented through annual world championships, in which young people - skilled workers, students, college students - under the age of 22 take part.
Competitions are held in dozens and even hundreds of specialties, specializations and competencies. The world championship is attended by the winners of the national WorldSkills championships, who, in turn, are formed from the winners of the regional championships. In the Far Eastern Federal District, such a regional championship will be held in April 2016 in Khabarovsk. It will feature over 30 competencies from different industries. We are doing everything to ensure that the Far East is comprehensively represented at these competitions. And the heads of some constituent entities - Sakha (Yakutia), Khabarovsk Territory - provide significant financial and organizational support to these competitions and in every possible way encourage the winners to further study in prestigious educational institutions and work for the benefit of their native land.
Russia went its own way and organized the National Championship of end-to-end blue-collar occupations in high-tech industries according to the WorldSkills methodology - the Hi-Tech Championship (personally supervised by Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Rogozin).
At the National Hi-Tech-2015 Championship, just like last year, there will also be JuniorSkills for schoolchildren
- The Russian government is trying to set a course for non-resource exports. Is the ASI taking any steps in this direction in the Far East?
- Starting next year, we will supervise two or three export-oriented enterprises from the Far Eastern Federal District in order to support them in entering the markets of the Asia-Pacific region.
- Could it be more detailed ... And what types of business are we talking about?
- First of all, these are enterprises that want to cooperate with the Agency. The initiative came from enterprises that produce jewelry in the Far East and have experience in working with the Asia-Pacific countries. For the sake of reducing all time, financial, logistics and energy costs, enterprises are ready to manufacture and export jewelry products through Vladivostok, and not through Moscow (as is happening now). That is, all customs clearance operations should be performed here, especially since they promise to be as simple as possible in connection with giving the city the status of a free port.
The next direction of non-commodity exports, which are voiced by entrepreneurs, is dairy and meat products (chilled semi-finished meat products). These types of products are also in high demand today in the countries of Southeast Asia.
But here, for example, such an enterprise as the Vladivostok Ice Cream Factory meets certain barriers. And we are trying to eliminate them ...
- But the ASI does not have the right to initiate legislation and cannot initiate amendments to the same Customs Code ...
- Yes, but entrepreneurs have this right. Make proposals to amend the current legislation within the framework of the current NPI roadmaps.
- You have said more than once that the ASI in the Far East has established effective feedback with the business community. What problems are of primary concern to small and medium-sized businesses in the region today?
- Limited access to financial resources as a result of a sharp rise in the cost of bank loans, a continuous increase in energy tariffs, a lack of competition for participation in public procurement, the creation in the media and public opinion of a not very positive image of an entrepreneur as such. The ASI is called upon to counteract all these situations by building cooperation with other institutions that express support for entrepreneurship as the main pivot of the economy.
Agency for Strategic Initiatives to Promote New Projects (ASI) - Effective since August 11, 2011. It is a Russian autonomous non-profit organization created by the Russian government to implement a set of measures in the economic and social spheres.
In particular, to promote priority projects, implement measures to improve the business environment in Russia, and develop professional staff.
Chairman of the Supervisory Board - Vladimir Putin. Director General of the Agency - Andrei Nikitin.
ASI has representative offices in all federal districts of the Russian Federation. The Far East office of ASI is located in Vladivostok.