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Impact of the development of the Far East
Closeness to the countries of the APR turns the Far East region into the leader in terms of oil and gas exports
The Far East today accounts for 5% of Russia's total oil and gas production. However, due to its proximity to the promising markets of the Asia-Pacific region, its role in the country's oil and gas complex is becoming key. In recent years, the volume of oil and gas production has also been steadily growing in the region. Today Rosneft plays a key role in the development of the region's oil and gas complex. Its contribution to the GRP of Eastern Siberia and the Far East reaches 25%. More than 35% of the company's total investments are in the Far East. And the investments planned for the coming years will increase the contribution of Rosneft to the growth of the gross regional product up to 50%.
The largest fields under development are concentrated on the shelf of the Sakhalin Oblast, where the Sakhalin-1, Sakhalin-2 and Sakhalin-3 projects are being implemented. At the end of 2016, 29,6 billion cubic meters were produced here. m of gas and 18,3 million tons of oil - 7,2% more than in 2015. The development of the Sea of Okhotsk shelf and the Arctic shelf is considered as a promising direction.
Rosneft conducts geological exploration in the East Arctic and Far Eastern shelves. Their resource potential is enormous: 12 billion tons of oil and condensate and 11 trillion cubic meters. m of gas. In total, Rosneft holds 113 licenses in eastern Russia. Their total hydrocarbon reserves are 3,3 billion tons of oil equivalent.
Over the past ten years, the company has discovered 13 fields and 167 hydrocarbon deposits in the east of the country, the reserves of which are estimated at 2,4 billion tons of oil equivalent. Even under the sanctions, geological exploration is being carried out in full, including such expensive types as seismic research and prospecting and exploration drilling. So, last year, for the first time in the history of the development of the Russian shelf, large-scale exploration was carried out in the Sea of Okhotsk.
The next important priority in regional geological exploration will be the study of the bowels of the northern part of the Sea of Japan. The work is planned to be carried out in the Central Tatar section of the sea - its area is 30 thousand square meters. km, the forecasted volume of resources is 270 million tons of oil and 322 billion cubic meters. m of gas. Seismic surveys will identify promising areas, which will allow exploratory drilling.
In 2016, Rosneft's production in the east of the country exceeded 40 million tonnes of oil equivalent. Sakhalin-1 is an important offshore production project of the company in the Far East. Since the beginning of its implementation, 92 million tons of oil have already been produced. Several world records have been set: nine of the ten longest wells in the world were drilled on Sakhalin-1. The implementation of this project brings significant profits to the state: according to the company's estimates, revenues from Sakhalin-1 to the budget of the Russian Federation by 2050 will amount to 6 trillion rubles.
In order to monetize the gas produced in the offshore fields of the Far East, Rosneft plans to build a plant for the production of liquefied natural gas. It will produce at least 5 million tons of LNG per year.
The key project in the mainland of eastern Russia is the Taas-Yuryakh Neftegazodobycha complex located in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). Initial recoverable reserves are estimated at 166 million tons of oil and condensate and over 180 billion cubic meters. m of gas. It is planned that from 2021 up to 5 million tons of oil will be produced here annually. Therefore, Rosneft is creating an energy cluster in Yakutia with the participation of leading international investors. Following the British BP, the Indian consortium of investors, consisting of Indian Oil, Oil India and Bharat Petroresources, entered it.
In total, by 2020 Rosneft intends to increase the total volume of hydrocarbon production to 315 million tons of oil equivalent. The largest increase in production is expected in the east of the country.
The Far East today lacks oil refineries. About half of the oil products have to be imported from other regions. Therefore, Rosneft is actively investing in oil refining. Over 60% of the total number of oil refining capacities in the Far East has been built by Rosneft.
The main asset of the company in this region is the high-tech Komsomolsk refinery. Its products are in demand both in the east of the country and in the export markets of the Asia-Pacific region. The plant produces motor fuels of the highest ecological class - Euro-5, environmentally friendly marine fuel DMF. In the coming years, the enterprise will undergo modernization, after which the processing depth will exceed 90%.
In 2012, Rosneft built a refueling complex at the Knevichi airport in Vladivostok, which has become the largest in the country's regions over the past 30 years. 3,5 billion rubles were invested in its construction. In 2016, the volume of “wing refueling” reached 103,6 thousand tons.
By 2016, the company had already increased its share in the regional market of petroleum products to 30%. It is planned that by 2020 it will grow to 40%.
Investments in infrastructure projects in the Far East for Rosneft mean access to the fast-growing markets of the Asia-Pacific region. Non-freezing ports in the south of the region can operate all year round. Thus, the Nakhodka sea terminal built by the company allows to ship 7,5 million tons of oil products per year. In 2016, Rosneft already exported 15,2 million tons of petroleum products to the Asia-Pacific markets, which is 15% more than in 2015. And in the coming years, Rosneft plans to implement two more large-scale projects in the Far East.
The first is the creation of Russia's largest oil refining and petrochemical complex VNHK. The preliminary amount of investments, including investments in infrastructure, will amount to about 800 billion rubles. The construction of the complex will create about 50 thousand skilled jobs.
The second project is being implemented on behalf of the President of the Russian Federation. Rosneft forms a unique shipbuilding cluster on the basis of the Far Eastern Shipbuilding and Ship Repair Center. Its core will be the Zvezda shipyard, the first large-scale shipbuilding yard in Russia. The new shipbuilding conglomerate will produce vessels with a displacement of up to 350 thousand tons, elements of offshore platforms, ice-class vessels, offshore and other marine equipment. Rosneft's anchor order will amount to 70 units of new marine equipment and vessels.
Rosneft is one of the leading investors in social programs in the Far East. In 2017, the company plans to allocate RUB 1,3 billion for these purposes. The largest volume of charitable assistance falls on the education sector. Thus, the Far Eastern Federal University, the Maritime State University and the North-Eastern Federal University received 205,4 million rubles over the years of cooperation with oilmen. In 2017, the amount of assistance to universities, colleges and technical schools in the Far East has already amounted to 92,4 million rubles.
Over the past decade, the company's work in the Far East has created over 28 thousand new jobs. By 2020, this figure should reach 50 thousand.