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Both on the ground and in the sky
The basis of the Khabarovsk Territory's exports is high-tech products, timber and fish
Khabarovsk Territory is the industrial center of the Far East. Here are strategically important enterprises associated with the production of both military and civil purposes: Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aviation Plant, Amur Shipbuilding Plant, Amurmetall Plant. The region’s exports are based on high-tech products, forest and fish processing products.
The quality of exports from the region from year to year nevertheless grows: if in 2013, raw materials accounted for 45%, then in 2016 there was only 35%.
According to customs statistics, over the past four years, the Khabarovsk Territory has been quarterly exporting products worth $ 250-400 million. The exception was the last quarter of last year, when the volume of exports rose to a record 670 million. volumes of all-Russian exports.
At the end of 2013, the export of the Khabarovsk Territory amounted to $ 1,51 billion - 0,3% of the total volume of $ 525,98 billion for the whole of Russia. At the end of 2014 - 1,44 billion, the same 0,3% of 497,36 billion dollars. In 2015, when Russian exports expectedly “sagged”, the region was able to improve its performance to 0,33% - 1,15, 343,54 billion out of 285,49 billion dollars. According to the results of last year, exports from Russia amounted to 1,55 billion dollars. The share of the Khabarovsk Territory in the total volume is 0,54 billion, or XNUMX%.
Simultaneously with the growth in the value of exports, its structure improved. In 2013, 44,5% of exports from the Khabarovsk Territory accounted for raw materials, 19% - for non-primary energy exports, 36,5% - for non-primary exports not related to energy. The shares of the first and second gradually decreased. As a result, by the end of 2016, the region came with 60% of non-resource non-energy exports ($ 930 million), 5,2% of non-resource energy exports (80 million) and 34,8% of raw materials exports (540 million).
Since Soviet times, large enterprises have been operating in the Khabarovsk Territory that produce mechanical engineering products: military and civil aircraft and ships, metallurgical products, equipment, including electronic and optical. As of the end of 2016, the share of the industrial complex of the region in the total volume of shipped products is more than 29%, the largest share is occupied by machine-building and metallurgical complexes (85% and 12%, respectively).
That is why the main supplier of export industrial products is the military-industrial complex of the Khabarovsk Territory (60% of the industrial products shipped in the region falls on it). Export contracts are fulfilled by the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aviation Plant and a branch of Sukhoi Civil Aircraft (both are part of the Sukhoi concern). Products of PJSC Dalenergomash and OJSC Amurmetall are supplied to foreign markets. Also exporters are the Amur cartridge plant Vympel, Amur and Khabarovsk shipyards.
In the field of timber processing, several enterprises at once supply for export both round timber and sawn timber, veneer and pellets. Almost all products manufactured by Asia Les LLC are export-oriented. Long-term foreign trade contracts for supply to the markets of Europe, Japan, Korea and China have been concluded. In 2016, the company put into operation a unique equipment - a log sorting line with an innovative X-ray scanner for detecting internal defects in wood, which can significantly increase the efficiency of lumber production.
RFP Group is a leading timber industry holding, created in 2004 as a result of the merger of logging enterprises in the Far East region, provides a total processing of more than 1 million cubic meters. m of wood: this includes peeled veneer, and softwood lumber, and in the near future - also fuel sheets.
Other companies in the industry export spruce and larch, molded products, parquet blanks and furniture boards.
The export of high-processed products, which is considered a visiting card of the Far East taiga and highly valued in foreign markets, is fir oil.
The fish industry of the Khabarovsk Territory also supplies the Asia-Pacific markets with the most diverse products, from pollock and salmon caviar and feed meal to raw fish and crab.
There are several large enterprises engaged in export deliveries in the region, the most significant of which are the fishing artel (collective farm) named after 50 years of October, the fishing artel "Inya", the fishing collective farm "Voskhod" and the Troitsk fish processing complex.
The largest fish processing plant in the region is a complex in a. Chnyrrah Nikolaevsky district of the Khabarovsk Territory. The plant produces up to 500 tons of finished products per day.
Dalkhimpharm Chemical and Pharmaceutical Plant is the only manufacturer of finished pharmaceutical products in the Far East, one of the largest and oldest enterprises. Dalkhimpharm produces over 200 types of drugs and has a long-term practice of export deliveries to the CIS countries, Mongolia, Japan and the USA. In particular, the unique extract of Eleutherococcus produced by the Dalkhimpharm plant enjoys success in foreign markets.
Another exporter of medicinal products is LLC Reader. The company specializes in the production of essential oils, florentine water, is engaged in the collection and procurement of medicinal and herbal raw materials from plants growing in the Far East region.
In the construction complex of the Khabarovsk Territory, the production of non-combustible heat-insulating materials is focused on export - they are produced by several large enterprises.
Also in demand abroad are construction piles made at the factories of the region: wide-blade for thawed soils and narrow-blade for permafrost. In addition, the enterprises of the region export water-dispersive paints and varnishes with special anti-corrosion, fire-retardant, water-repellent, antifungal protective properties.
The light industry of the Khabarovsk Territory can also be proud of export products. Pauline is a large Russian manufacturer of wedding and evening dresses, children's clothing, founded in 2000. Pauline brand dresses are presented in salons of more than 50 cities in Russia, as well as in Ukraine, Belarus and Germany.
Finally, food industry enterprises of the Khabarovsk Territory carry out supplies abroad. This is, firstly, the Khabarovsk distillery - the largest producer of alcoholic beverages in the Far East, founded over a century ago. The plant produces 20 brands of vodka, presented in all demanded price segments, a line of tinctures and a unique balsam in its properties. Secondly, ZAO Soya, the leader in soybean processing in the Far East, supplies refined deodorized soybean oil for export. It is suitable for the preparation of fried foods and the production of baked goods, as it does not burn and has no smell.
Enterprises engaged in the harvesting and processing of wild plants and beekeeping products also carry out cross-border supplies. Berries mashed with sugar, antlers and deer antlers, as well as Far Eastern wild plants - chaga extract, eleutherococcus, syrups are in demand among foreigners.
Thus, the largest export items from the Khabarovsk Territory in 2016, according to the Far Eastern Customs Administration: timber and wood products - 503,8 million dollars (32,6%), aircraft - 294,4 million (19%) , fish, crustaceans, molluscs - 226,8 million (14,7%), fuel - 203,6 million (13%), precious metals and products from them - 139,1 million (9%). Other types of goods account for 11,7% of exports in value terms. The export index of timber increased by 11,7% compared to 2015, fish and seafood - by 7,7%, fuel - fell by 25%. Growth of volumes under the item “precious metals and stones” - 13 times.
For comparison, in the total volume of exports in 2016 from the subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District, about half (9,14 billion of the gross $ 18,62 billion) accounted for fuel. The second place is taken by precious metals and stones (4,07 billion dollars), the third is fish and seafood (2,34 billion dollars).
China remains the largest foreign trade partner of the Khabarovsk Territory. Supplies to the PRC accounted for $ 900 million in 2016, and the export volumes increased by 69% compared to 2015.The second most important market - the South Korean market - remained relatively stable: goods were supplied there for $ 276 million, which 7% more than in the previous year. Supplies to the UK accounted for five times more than in 2015 - $ 99,5 million.Exports to Japan, on the contrary, lost - decreased by 21%, to $ 90 million.Exports from the Khabarovsk Territory to Switzerland amounted to $ 53 million ...
To support enterprises focused on exporting their products abroad, a specialized Export Support and Development Center has been created in the Khabarovsk Territory. The purpose of the organization is to create conditions for small and medium-sized companies to enter the foreign market.
The center informs and advises businessmen - talks about the strategy of entering the export market and "pitfalls", helps to form an investment and export proposal, translates presentation materials into foreign languages. The organization also collects meetings with potential foreign partners, including at fairs and exhibitions abroad, conducts training events - seminars, lectures and conferences.
Yuri Chaika, First Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Khabarovsk Territory for Investments and Priority Projects:
- “The initial idea of creating export-oriented enterprises in the Far East through new instruments of support took place in the Khabarovsk Territory. In the fall of 2013, in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, the Minister for Development of the Far East, Alexander Galushka, presented this mechanism in detail for the first time - export territories of advanced development. And those projects that have already started working are mainly export-oriented. Before the emergence of the TOP, they “stood” for various objective reasons. The TOP regime gave investors an additional step and helped launch projects, significantly improving their economy.
A striking example is the RFP Group timber processing project in Amursk, which consists of two enterprises. The first veneer producer has the main buyer abroad. The second is sawmill, which is also export-oriented. The third stage, which is already being worked out by the investor, is the organization of production and supply of fuel pellets to foreign markets. All this is due to the benefits of the Komsomolsk ASEZ regime.
In Khabarovsk, at the site in Rakitnoye, a plant for the production of heat-insulating materials of the TechnoNICOL group was launched. It was also put into operation under the TOP regime. These products, firstly, ousted Chinese counterparts from our market, and secondly, now they themselves went abroad, primarily to China. The next step on this path is the construction of normal cross-border trade corridors in the region. So far, our regional producers are forced to use those that work in neighboring Primorye.
And this is not the only example of import substitution with the next export step. The Prada Promfilter company purchased imported equipment, became a resident of TOR, started producing automobile filters. Now the manufacturer is already raising the question of whether it is ready to export products.
Another tool for supporting investors, subsidizing the construction of infrastructure, in the case of the Khabarovsk Territory, is completely connected with export industries. Three out of four projects that received support in the region are focused on the export of products. "Urgalugol" and "Kolmar" - coal and liquefied hydrocarbons, "Asia-forest" - woodworking products, and even to Europe.
All large new projects in the Khabarovsk Territory aim to bring products to foreign markets. This is understandable: the market of the region and even the entire Far East is too small to recoup the investment. It is very important that all these projects form other new businesses that work as subcontractors and transport corridors through which the products of not only the Far East itself, but also the European part of Russia enter the Asia-Pacific region. And third, when goods cross the border, various kinds of excise taxes and customs duties begin to enter the federal budget.
All this in the aggregate allows us to make an unequivocal conclusion: state support measures within the framework of the "new economic policy" in the Far East have earned and positively affected exports. "
Roman Glushak, Head of the Representative Office of the Russian Export Center in the Far Eastern Federal District:
- The regional office of REC in the Far East was opened in Vladivostok in March 2015 in the format of a representative office of EXIAR JSC. The territorial coverage of the representative office is the Far Eastern Federal District.
The opening of the office was a significant step, as a result of which the regions geographically distant from Moscow were “brought closer” to federal measures to support exporters. We got the opportunity to accompany export projects in real time, promptly advise businessmen, interact with partners on site within one working day.
From the very beginning of activity, we built channels of communication with exporters through regional authorities, local export support infrastructure, banks. This took place in the framework of forums, conferences, roundtables, as well as during trips to the enterprises of our clients.
Currently, Vladivostok has a full-fledged front office of the REC Group, which makes it possible to provide exporters not only with insurance services, but also with credit, non-financial support and assistance in obtaining export licenses. Formed “single window” for Far Eastern exporters.
Most importantly, for business, we have become a center of competence, which can be addressed on any issue of export activities.
Export deliveries of enterprises of the Far East are mainly focused on the Asia-Pacific countries: China, the Republic of Korea, Japan. At the same time, the Far Eastern Federal District occupies a stable sixth place in terms of Russian exports, and its share is growing: from 5,36% in 2013 to 6,52% in 2016.The share of non-primary goods in the export of the Far Eastern Federal District increased from 21,24% in 2013 up to 28,15% in 2016. This is facilitated, among other things, by the REC Group's work aimed at qualitatively changing the structure of exports.
Among the REC's clients in the region, I would like to single out the Amurzerno company from Khabarovsk, which exports wheat and barley to Japan, and the Novy Mir fishing collective farm from Vladivostok, which delivers fish products to the APR countries.
Export supplies with our support were increased by the company Interval, which sells the hematogen produced in Tomsk. Thanks to insurance of short-term receivables, the supplier was able to increase the volume of exports to a new buyer from Kazakhstan.
Another our client, KOR GROUP LLC from Vladivostok, exporting food products to Vietnam, received from REC a certificate of free sale.
Exporters show great interest in various analytical materials provided by REC. Trade statistics, analytical references and reports help not only novice exporters, but also experienced players. For example, the LOSTOROS company, a distributor of an ice cream factory in Vladivostok, highly appreciated the effectiveness of such products.
An additional incentive for the development of exports is provided by the opportunities of privileged economic zones - TOP and FPV. We are in contact with residents who have announced their export plans, and we draw their attention to the fact that preparations for cross-border supplies need to be dealt with now, without waiting for the launch of enterprises. This process has a certain time cycle, and we are ready to help avoid mistakes, share marketing and other necessary information, provide support in finding potential partners, subsidizing costs in certain areas and, if necessary, launch projects for export insurance and credit.
Published in the journal "Russian exporter"