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Governor of Okha

Governor of Okha

Andrei Kalachinsky - about the attitude of Sakhalin residents to the arrest of the head of the region:

- The arrest of the head of the Sakhalin region for the residents of the island was a surprise. Unpleasant.

Oil. Gas. A fish. And in the plans: a bridge to the mainland and "energy bridge" in Hokkaido. That is all Sakhalin today.

Chekhov's dream came true: the convict island, thanks to the free labor of the descendants of the former convicts, has turned, well, you will not believe in New Zealand. But if in the southern hemisphere it is quiet, peaceful, boring, and even wolves do not disturb the sheep herds, then everything boils on Sakhalin, boils, is being built. And only one person in shackles (sorry, handcuffed) was taken from Sakhalin to Moscow - Governor Khoroshavin.

Local people even after the scandalous details about the seizure of a billion cash in cash and kilograms of jewelry during the searches of Khoroshavin's coffers are puzzled: why did the indicative crackdown on corrupt officials start with Sakhalin? Why from the governor, in which the island area received a tremendous boost in development and became one of the most if not prosperous, then prosperous regions of the country?

In Sakhalin sotssetah sounded a refrain: he was thrown over his head by a hood from court reporters, but he did not hide his face and his gaze was "like a caught eagle - proud and fierce." There was another sound: the eagle was substituted, it flew high - it hurt to fall.

Suggested circumstances

The formal reason for the detention was the charges of Khoroshavin of taking bribes from the company in concluding contracts for the construction of the 4 power unit of the Yuzhno-Sakhalinskaya CHP plant-1. Khoroshavin said that he was talked about by dislike.

On the island, this formal charge is calm. And the motive of dislike is believed. The contractor of the very construction was the company of Nikolai Crane. This man on Sakhalin for whatever he undertook, was able to attract the attention of the accusatory public. Having handed over the power unit, Kran tried to get a tax deduction from the budget in the amount of 270 million rubles. Could the Crane be friendly to the Governor who withdrew the region's money from his bank?

Relations between government and business in the region are now built on envy. Business believes that the government "sits on wealth" and gives nothing to anyone. And the authorities believe that business invests the ruble in order to pump out ten from the territory and take everything with them. Since these relations are mixed up with a mercenary calculation, the state arranged auctions. Legal: you will spend less state funds - you will receive in a row. But since businessmen are measured by wealth, and not by the modesty of their appetites, another auction, an illegal one, takes place between them and the government: if you want to get a contract, show how much money you can give.

It's a mechanism. System. Alpha and Omega. And every truth-seeker and liberal who swears not to take or give, sitting in a chair, sees what a fool he was, giving such stupid promises. The most honest governors set up a "territory development fund" and assess contributions to it, to whom to give in a row. And the most sober for a long time already do not distinguish the purse from the regional.

The reasons for the sudden arrest are therefore sought in the other - in the system of relations between local and federal authorities. The most popular version on the island: new unwritten rules of governors effectiveness indicators are being built. They line up like a blind man by the ear: he hit the front car, passed it back, hit another one and finally found a free seat on the ringing of broken headlights. That is: "We will plant a couple of governors - the rest will understand how to behave".

Origin - your

Khoroshavin is a man of the "old" Rosneft. " Coming from the second Sakhalin oil capital - Okha, where he was the mayor of a small town, hardly 25 thousand of the population. In Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, where almost 200 thousand inhabitants, "Okhinians" are considered almost for "northern barbarians". In 2007, he became the acting president. Governor by decree of President Putin, after the resignation of Governor Ivan Malakhov, who failed to effectively deal with the victims of the earthquake in Nevelsk. In 2011, Khoroshavin, at the suggestion of President Medvedev, was nominated for a second term.

That is, Alexander Vadimovich was never elected, which means that he did not pass through the crucible of sharp pre-election criticism. And if in the north of the region he was well known, then in the south he was used to it for a long time. In September 2015 there should be elections of the governor, Khoroshavin was not officially nominated, but unofficially everybody knew - he would go. And now, after the accusation of corruption, it is unlikely.

Even though all the governors consider the natural "corrupt" people to be behind the eyes, after Khoroshavin's detention "for a bribe" among the reviews on the Sakhalin forums there is a lot of perplexity: "... I will say about his personality. My mother grew up with him, they are almost one year old, and we are the same age as his son. Guber from a simple family, where there was one mother who gave birth to him early, and they lived extremely modestly. He has achieved everything himself! He has no bombast, arrogance, it's easy to work with! He does not have a crown! And all this hype, apparently, is not pleasing, he became power, and so they decided to show the show to people. "

Even a small group of the public, a man at 50, self-organized, sent a letter to the president with a naive question: why, they say, the wine of Khoroshavin has not been proven yet, and he has already been convicted on all federal channels?

Khoroshavin - his own. And it is very important for the Far East. All terribly annoyed against the "Moscow Vikings." It is believed that, having arrived, they are counting the days until their departure, the whole business is being redrawn under the “Muscovites” and they are doing everything to grab more with themselves back to Moscow. But “his”, he and in his childhood knew the price of green oak fortress apples and Chinese mandarins, which the locals saw only for the New Year. He knows that saury in banks must be taken with the date of production "autumn". And in general, "pushed around" and "sipped", as we all are here. This is such a kind of Far Eastern whining pride. Therefore, much is forgiven to “his” if he “did not snicker.”

Khoroshavin is exemplary in this respect, the Far East. He was born in the Amur region, studied in Vladivostok at the Polytechnic. I went to Sakhalin in Okhu by an electrician. And then, on the Komsomol line, he beat out to the heads and, as is customary with the big leaders, even became a doctor of economic sciences.

Sakhalin, however, was not helped by the doctor, but circumstances: lucky that part of the profits from mining operations legally go to the territory.

Here, Primorye also has a tremendous natural resource: sea water that does not freeze off the coast. Ports and customs give huge revenues to the state treasury. So, for 2012 year, the Far Eastern Customs provided access to the federal budget 197,05 billion rubles - this is actually the combined income of Khabarovsk, Primorsky Krai and the Amur Region. If at least some of this money was left on the spot, then the dream of Hong Kong or Singapore, which had grown rich in transshipment of cargo, would become a reality for Vladivostok. Alas. But Sakhalin's dreams came true: the consolidated budget revenues for 2013-2014 years increased by more than 60 percent - from 95 to 155 billion rubles. Money arrived so much that the region could not paint them on projects and spend. At the end of 2014, Sakhalin's budget surplus reached 23 billion rubles.

Who threw the hood over the governor?

How so? Sakhalin is bathed in money, while nine-tenths of the country's regions stand with an outstretched hand at the federal treasury. The plenipotentiary of the president in the Far Eastern Federal District Yuri Trutnev 26 December 2014 year during the press conference abruptly went through the Sakhalin authorities, and now all these words recall:

"The budget of the Sakhalin Oblast is surplus. You are trying to hide it, but, in fact, it is surplus. This is the result of the work on offshore PSA projects. And thank God - for this they were created. But now the budget provision of residents of the region is the highest in the country. Residents of the region should live as in the Arab Emirates. But when I come here, I do not see it. And just recently I said to your leaders: you must provide a program in which you do not smear money, but make a qualitative breakthrough. Then I support it with all my capabilities. If not, then the option of redistributing funds is not excluded. "

The key phrase here is "you're trying to hide it." Formally, "you" Trutnev was turned to Sakhalin journalists, who, of course, on the contrary, would like to disclose all financial secrets. In fact, he "vykal" he, of course, in the governor.

Sakhalin jokers immediately offered to bring camels, Bedouins and guest workers from India and the Philippines to the island in order to turn into the United Arab Emirates faster. Everyone understands that if in the Middle East oil has been in full swing for a hundred years, then on Sakhalin the first oil was produced in 1999, and the gas liquefaction plant was only in operation in 2009. Trutnev, of course, went too far: Sakhalin has been bathed in money for the last few years, and before that, according to the law on production sharing, he only got crumbs from the table of oil producing companies. And the local officials "before that" didn’t particularly gush.

It is interesting that Khoroshavin exhibited his income declaration on the official website of the region in the most prominent place. She, it can be said, directly hit the eyes. According to her in 2013, his income amounted to 8800 thousand rubles. His wife - 112 thousand. The governor has two cars GAZ 21, Lexus LX 570 and the same jeep from his wife. Apartment in 56 meters, yes, my wife is at 100 meters. And that's all. And now they say - three apartments in elite houses in Moscow, a house in the suburbs, a golden pen with diamonds and a bundle of five thousand bills per billion. Incidentally, the origin of all this is not bad to ask the Sakhalin prosecutor as well - the governor's declaration, it seems, checked the governor's declaration ...

The sad example of Horoshavin, by the way, caused a wave of parallels among the Far East: the widespread ostentatious poverty of governors, they share with each other in social networks, indicates that they understand their doom. You can not earn much on the sovereign's post. It remains only to snatch, hapnut, hide, take out.

In such a situation, with search and seizure of documents, the seaside governor Sergei Darkin was forced to resign before his forced resignation. He also, according to declarations, was a goal like a falcon, and all the riches belonged to his wife. Sitting in his jail. But Sergei Mikhailovich "for medical reasons" was able to fly to Moscow and sit there until the breeders at the top do not agree among themselves - to whom and what will get. For Darkin, in the end, it ended not as a criminal matter, but as a resignation and further work in the ministry.

They remember this not by chance: the message has already flashed that Horoshavin is actively cooperating with the investigation. It is necessary to understand it this way: it will be hard to prove a bribe. And given the fact that Khoroshavin can tell a lot, and about such people whose position may become “worse than the governor’s”, the final of the story with its transfer to Moscow is open. No one knows what and how the ending will be.

There is something to remember

Before their arrest, Sakhalin governor Alexander Khoroshavin was frightened (frowned), respected, proud and at home called Ho or, by initials, Hav, which especially cheered the Sakhalin Koreans with their monosyllabic surnames. After the arrest, everyone was shocked, offended, Khoroshavin recalled all the bad things. But it turned out a little bad.

What did he remember about the Sakhaliners? Of course, the tide of money in the area. In 2012, the regional budget received 61 billion rubles of tax and non-tax revenues, which is 23,4 billion more than the income of 2011 year. In 2014 year - 143,5 billion rubles - by 59 billion rubles more than in 2013 year. Payments under the Production Sharing Agreement (PSA) are received once a year in April. In 2014, they amounted to 75 billion rubles. What all this money went to was seen by all the residents.

In the oblast, queues for kindergartens have been virtually eliminated. From 45 to 50 thousand rubles the salary of the teacher.

The average salary of doctors across Sakhalin is 80 thousand. But they are not enough. The chief doctor of the Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk city hospital says that every year he tries to lure graduates from the medical colleges of Vladivostok and Khabarovsk to himself. Lifting - 800 thousand rubles, there is even housing. But young doctors dream of getting a job in a dispensary for a dispensary, then to become a cosmetologist, and they don’t rush “to the islands”. To attract highly qualified doctors, a program of special bonuses is provided. For example, the annual surcharge in 1 million rubles for a special certificate for the purchase of housing in other regions of the country.

In a kind word, the Sakhalin people will remember the gasification of the Yuzhno-Sakhalinskaya CHPP-1. The construction of the Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk-Okha highway: 860 km, the asphalt under Khoroshavin reached Smirnykh village - about 370 km. Kilometer on the island costs 100 million rubles (swamps, spawning rivers, mountains). Annually, this is allocated 10 billion.

Ice Palace in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Now Sakhalin residents are arguing about how to name it: in honor of the famous hockey coach Anatoly Tarasov or in honor of Nevelsk native CSKA goalkeeper Yevgeny Belosheykin?

What did not have time for Khoroshavin? Construct a bridge to the mainland, an "energy bridge" to Japan and transfer Sakhalin public transport and communal equipment to gas. By the way, an agreement on the construction of a network of gas stations was already signed with Gazprom.

Of the bad.

In 2009, the media unearthed that the Sakhalin administration is conducting a tender for "Burundian drummers" to participate in the New Year reception of the governor for talented youth. Khoroshavin initiated the invitation, he canceled the tender, but the "Burundian drummers" had already penetrated into public opinion and firmly settled there.

In 2010, Khoroshavin - the first governor in the history of Sakhalin - was summoned to court as a witness in connection with the case of the regional health minister, who was accused of fraud in the purchase of scanners.

In 2013, the co-chairman of the central staff of the "All-Russian Popular Front" Alexander Brechalov told the president at the ONF conference that the head of the Sakhalin Region spent 680 million rubles on "improving the image of the governor". Of course, it was a "black mark". But such "tags" after that were distributed to local leaders across the country by packs. Last week, for example, it reached Moscow suburbs.

There was a sculptural "jamb" behind Khoroshavin. Just like Luzhkov, intelligent Muscovites could forgive a cap, beehives, a patent for kulebyaka and kefir, but not the installation of Columbus-Peter Tsereteli on an artificial island in the middle of the Moskva River, and the Sakhalin intelligentsia was outraged by an octahedral prism of 42 meter in height surrounded by municipal arms and the price of 26 million rubles. The unnamed Sakhalin poet of the Derzhavin school composed lines that flew away at once to the people:

Ripped off rags from the obelisk,

Removed overweight forests

Ascended concrete peep * ska

To the glory of the first person!

Strangely, no Sakhalin governor in the history of the new Russia did not leave his post at will: one was killed in a helicopter crash, others were forced to write resignations. Khoroshavin is another in this series. And something suggests, hardly the last ...

A source:

Magazine "Spark" № 10 from 16.03.2015, page 20

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