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Year of advance
Development problems of Komsomolsk-on-Amur is being studied by EastRussia
18 April turned exactly one year from the moment of adoption of the governmental decree on the long-term development plan of Komsomolsk-on-Amur. The authorities are ready to spend almost 63 billion rubles on the "engineering capital" of the Far East - the amount of financing is comparable to the annual budget of the Khabarovsk Territory. EastRussia drove through already begun construction projects to find out what they were doing in Komsomolsk-on-Amur throughout the year.
First of all, the city streets are already being reconstructed and a part of the highway to Khabarovsk, which is key for Komsomolsk-on-Amur, is in 2017, this is its 51-53 kilometers. They want to transfer the latter to the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation in order to make the federal highway out of the regional road. In 2015, a terrible accident occurred on the highway with the participation of two regular buses, which killed a dozen passengers. But there is no real alternative to the road yet: flights to Komsomolsk-on-Amur are irregular, there are no comfortable river liners to travel down the Amur from Khabarovsk, and the train through the city to Sovetskaya Gavan, which goes from Vladivostok, has a bad reputation. Helicopter communication is too expensive: 150-200 thousand rubles per flight hour. Therefore, even members of the government of the Khabarovsk Territory more often arrive in cars in the region’s second most important city than in some other way. There are areas on the highway where there is no asphalt, but only a “skalnik” on a high embankment - an echo of another disaster, the 2013 flood on the Amur, when several fragments of the road to Komsomolsk-on-Amur were washed away at once. They are still being restored.
While all this, however, is not very spectacular: the technique, frozen on the road, workers in orange vests, dust and stones. Major changes are announced by the deputy head of architecture and construction of the city administration, the chief architect of Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Igor Kurnosov. The comprehensive development plan for Komsomolsk-on-Amur is a "global and epoch-making document," and "the city expects a lot from this," he says. Right at the entrance to MUP "Komsomolskgorproekt" - an exposition on the whole wall: the future of Komsomolsk-on-Amur in sketches. Of course, in the event that a comprehensive development plan is carried to completion. Curious townspeople can enter the hall of the building and, having overcome the post of guard, make sure - soon they will all be just fine.
Beautiful pictures are, of course, still only dreams: a positive expert opinion was obtained on read units of objects. But the authorities are strenuously seeking those who would translate everything into reality. If this happens, soon only on the embankment in Komsomolsk-on-Amur there will be lakes, bicycle lanes rising above the ground, a water park, an aviation museum, a sports development center with stadiums and martial arts palaces, and everything else - in the same spirit. The list is impressive, considering that now from the sights on the embankment there is only a “frozen” river station, monuments to the builders and a large plasma screen. For some projects on the bank of the Amur, they even allegedly found private investors, but who they are, they are not yet talking.
In December 2016, competitions for the reconstruction of public centers of the two districts of Komsomolsk-on-Amur were completed, Igor Kurnosov said. According to the Leninsky district 7 works were submitted, including from Moscow, on the Central - 17 works. "All the works were of high quality. And the first competition and the second were won by Khabarovsk architects, "says the chief architect of Komsomolsk-on-Amur. "The objects of the long-term plan are now at various degrees of implementation. These are our proposals. Of course, there were more of them, but the main ones entered the plan. And it would be wrong to build such a number of objects without an architectural and administrative concept, "says Mr. Kurnosov.
Back in 1937, he recalls, the first scheme of the Komsomolsk-on-Amur master plan was developed. Today, the general plan of the 1987 of the year is being adjusted for the second time. “There were no global deviations from the decisions taken initially. The city has wide avenues, no traffic jams. And initially in the general plan were laid down the public centers of the two districts, but they are not built up. In the Central - there is only a drama theater, which is now under reconstruction. In Leninsky - they built one house. The territory is free, provided with infrastructure, which allows the construction of large projects, ”- says the chief architect of the city.
The object where builders have been working since last year is the local drama theater. On the approaches there is a fence, behind which is a building with dismantled facades and piles of debris. Go to the box office, notice the sign, you can from the "rear": through the office ladder. In the former hall, workers cut aluminum profiles for the new ceiling. Excavators crawling outside.
The new external and internal content of the institution should please the residents already this year - to the 85 anniversary of the city. In the theater, the equipment is changing: a new 6-sized 8-sized LED screen and a sound are built, a new rotating circle for the stage is built. Those who like can even ride on it. The impression is more alive than from the carousel, after all behind the back is the auditorium with empty seats, where the public will soon appear.
As explained by the director of the municipal cultural institution Elena Shabovta, the contract provides for the completion of all work on the facility by October 2017. “We believe that it will be so. Passed only the dismantling of facade structures. The troupe works in the same mode: rehearsals go on a small stage. But basically we moved to other platforms: the house of youth, the house of creativity of children and youth, the house of culture of aircraft manufacturers. We show our great performances there, ”she says. Now the big stage of the theater accommodates 750 spectators, small - 90. The first one is filled with about 50%, the second one with 85%, ”she says.
The life of the theater does not really stop: at the end of April, on its small stage, the premiere of Tennessee Williams's play The Glass Menagerie will take place; in May, the premiere of the Auntie comedy will be staged on the stage of the city's youth house. In addition, the institution participates in the all-Russian project "Theater of Small Cities". "We are in all respects approaching the province for this project: they submitted an application, they approved us. The project provides about 7 million rubles of financing. 30% of this amount will go to staging new performances, says Mrs. Shabovta. For example, a mix is created with the working title "City at dawn". It will be invested three works - "City at the dawn", "Amur-Father" and "Test yourself with love." "We plan to premiere at the end of October on a new stage. And for children we are preparing a premiere by the end of November - the play "The Little Mermaid." At 70% of the amount we will change the equipment of the small stage: light, sound, chairs, sex on the stage, "says Elena Shabovta.
Another invisible for Komsomolsk-on-Amur, but an extremely important element for it is the city's collector. Work on it is estimated at one billion rubles. 85% of the cost, or about 500 million rubles, will be financed by the federal center. Now the collector receives, explains the top management of the water canal, about 110-140 thousand cubic meters of drains per day. But there is no reserve for capacity in case of repair. And this means that the enterprise can not stop for a second.
"To date, the treatment facilities were not ready for overhaul. In 2005, it was decided to increase capacity to 260 thousand cubes. Criteria for discharges in the Amur are becoming tougher and tougher, we must have a stock of standards. The primary and two secondary water settlers, the ultraviolet disinfection station and so on were built. The design involves cascade cleaning. We excluded the use of chlorine. At 2017 year, the reconstruction of one primary sump of 1979 year of construction and one secondary is planned. It is also planned to build a shop for dehydration and precipitation, "says the company representative.
Gorvodokanal Komsomolsk-on-Amur also builds a gravity collector - with a diameter of 1600 mm and an extension of 3,7 km, from pipes of the Polyplastic Group. Of these, 2 km of pipeline is installed. The last kilometer was delivered by the Polyplastica enterprise operating in Khabarovsk's advanced development territory. So the plan for integrated development of the city is linked with the concept of creating TOP. All work is planned to be completed by the end of 2017. "There may be difficulties in some areas, in particular, the crossing of oil pipelines. But before 2018 year all the works will be finished, "- assures the representative of the water canal.
A more obvious and necessary object is the deironing and demanganization complex of the underground water intake on the site of the unfinished water intake of the Amur Shipyard. It allows to purify the water supplied to the Komsomolsk-on-Amur water faucets. For 2016 year 336 million rubles were invested in the project, and more than 1,6 billion rubles in total. But the authorities have no special problems here: the complex is being completed not for the first year. He will be able to provide up to 75% of the city's needs for clean water. The drilled 36 wells can give up to 50 thousand cubic meters of water per day, as well as 18 wells entering the second stage - up to 75 thousand cubic meters of water. Over the years, the authorities have managed to build a water pipeline to the city's water supply system and a station for overground water treatment and water lifting, to equip all communications. In December last year, work on the first stage of water intake was completed.
The third object of the 2017 year, which is a priority is the engineering school. This is one of the first objects of the long-term plan. Its construction in October 2016 began with the ceremony of laying a memorial capsule with the participation of Khabarovsk governor Vyacheslav Shport, the head of the city Andrey Klimov and the president of the group of companies "Energia" Sergei Guskov. Estimated cost, as follows from the shield at the site itself - 453,4 million rubles.
The school, perhaps, can be called a gubernatorial: Mr. Shport, who has passed all stages of his career at the local aircraft factory, always and everywhere declares that engineering education should begin directly from the school bench. But the object in the priority is not only because high-ranking officials are engaged in it. Everybody understands perfectly: without the influx of young people interested in science and technology into industrial enterprises, the city does not grow. To awaken such interest and called the engineering school.
The building was previously occupied by the city school number XXUMX, but it was closed, and the object was mothballed. The reconstructed school will be able to accommodate up to 25 students from the fifth grade. The building should include “a class of robotics, laboratories, an information center, including a library and a book depository, a modern assembly hall”. “A new sports building will be built nearby with a stadium and a modern complex for passing the TRP standards,” the city’s investment website says.
The object is being built by LLC "Construction Management No. 277". The facades of the building should be closed with hinged structures, several walls should be dismantled, but the main ones will remain, explains company representative Valery Timofeev. "The second block was completed: a sports hall, a food block, a class of robotics, an assembly hall. On the first block, where there will be training classes, poured floor by floor. This year, the plans are limited by funding. So far, the financing is very weak: January has not yet been paid. Therefore, the pace of construction is weak, a bit did not freeze the entire construction site, you can say so, "- he admits.
The funds, according to the representative of the company, are due to the contractor city authorities: "In January to March, the local budget needs 12 million rubles, then regional and federal. While we are working at our own expense, "- says Valery Timofeev. In 2018, finishing will begin - the main work is planned for this year. "The project is interesting. Of course, it's easier to build everything from zero. The end of the year 2016 was fully funded, we did not even have time for the finances. But the design solutions did not take into account the laying of the foundation, which time was taken away. Therefore, they did not master all the means. The debt for today is 44 million rubles. They say: "There is no money," he says.
The head of the city, Andrei Klimov, however, emphasizes: "The problems that the contractor designates are more likely to be related to federal funding. As for the local and regional, the money is paid in full. Money in any case will be allocated, it's just that he, maybe, does not know all the issues related to financing, hence the fears. " On an engineering school, "22 million is a local budget. 10 million rubles - regional. 11 April, the governor signed a new regional program. And he (the contractor - EastRussia.) If not until the end of April, they (means-EastRussia.) Will receive, then in early May, "he clarifies.
2016 year was spent on resolving land issues and preparing design and estimate documentation for the long-term plan, and the authorities did not miss anything, Andrei Klimov is confident. "This year we continue to work on the objects of 2017-2018 year. We will soon start building a children's health center. Near the end of the year, we will begin the first stage of the regional sports center. Sewage works are in full swing. I hope there will not be any disruptions, including those related to contractors. The most important thing is that the facilities are all under construction, and we will do everything on schedule, "says the mayor.