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A hectare for a new life
Free land for starting a business can be obtained in the Far Eastern and Arctic regions of Russia
On August 1, 2021, a new stage in the implementation of the Far Eastern Hectare program began in Russia - private traders of the program that has been in force since 2016, who have successfully mastered their land plots, registered them for ownership and lease, were given the opportunity to take an additional hectare, and the program was extended to the Arctic.
The program is in demand
They began to issue free hectares in Russia in 2016. Then this initiative of the Far Eastern plenipotentiary Yuri Trutnev, after its approval by the President of the country, Vladimir Putin, became law. The mechanism was gradually launched in the regions of the Far Eastern Federal District: first for local residents, then any citizen of the Russian Federation and a participant in the state program to assist the voluntary resettlement of compatriots living abroad to Russia could choose a site they liked in the Far East.
By August of this year, people in the Far Eastern Federal District received almost 65 thousand hectares. The number of participants in the program is even higher, as many families took the land for housing, agriculture, tourism or other types of business. Most of the plots are in demand in the Primorsky Territory - there they were received by 24,2 thousand people, in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) - 16,6 thousand people, in the Khabarovsk Territory - 13,1 thousand citizens.
“The program for the allocation of one hectare has shown good results in the Far East. More than 94 thousand people received the land. Now there is such an opportunity for those who live in the Arctic zone. Providing one hectare is a degree of freedom and a new opportunity for active people. The program is designed for those who are ready to take land, cultivate it, build housing on it, and engage in business development. The person decides for himself what to do in the area that he has chosen. This is for those who are ready to work, ready to take risks and achieve their goals. We are ready to render assistance to such people, to offer them additional measures of support for the development of the land, ”said Yuri Trutnev, Deputy Prime Minister and Plenipotentiary of the President of the Russian Federation in the Far Eastern Federal District.
It is important to note that the program will not include lands where the indigenous peoples of the North are engaged in traditional trades: herding reindeer, hunting sea animals, fishing. Skeptics may question whether free hectares in the Arctic zone will be in demand? Practice shows that they are in demand.
The northernmost poultry farm
The fact is that hectares under this program are already being issued in the Far Eastern part of the Arctic - in Chukotka and the north of Yakutia.
An entrepreneur from the northernmost city of Russia Pevek in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Elena Bespalova issued her free hectare at the end of 2017 through the system "NaDalnyVostok.RF". In 2019, she launched the Istok plant for the production of drinking water and soft drinks at this site. Before that, almost all soda was delivered to Pevek during the short northern navigation by sea.
Elena's compatriot Aleksey Korepov built, perhaps, the northernmost poultry farm in Russia on his hectare. The businessman from the Polar region carried out the project, having won about 2 million rubles of grant support and received a preferential loan for the participants of the Far Eastern Hectare program from SME Bank for 8 million only at 8,5% per annum. The poultry farm is already working. After that, the prices for eggs and chicken meat in Pevek's stores have almost halved.
“I designed 0,7 hectares to open a poultry farm. We live in a remote region, where most of the products are imported from the mainland either by plane or by sea during the navigation period. Naturally, this greatly affects the price of products. Now there is an egg and chicken production right here in Pevek ", - says the recipient of the" Far Eastern hectare "Alexey Korepov, - I think my poultry farm will become one of the most northern in Russia, because it is 69 latitude."
Since August 1, in addition to the Far Eastern Federal District, the program of gratuitous provision of a hectare has been launched in the Murmansk Region, the Nenets and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Districts, as well as in 23 municipal districts of the Krasnoyarsk Territory (Taimyr, Evenkia, Norilsk), in the Arkhangelsk Region, the Komi Republic and Karelia. Only local residents will be able to register land plots through the NaDalnyVostok.RF system for the first six months, and from February 1, 2022, they will become available to all Russian citizens and participants in the voluntary resettlement program of compatriots from abroad. Citizens can select plots online through the portal hectarvarktike.rf, integrated with the federal information system "NaDalnyVostok.RF", in the above regions, 1,1 million hectares are available. You can get land according to a simplified procedure in a month instead of six months.
Hectare revives villages
The words of Plenipotentiary Envoy Yuri Trutnev that the program to provide the Far Eastern hectare has proven its effectiveness are confirmed by the experience of northern Yakutia. For example, in the Amga region, thanks to her, the almost extinct village of Bulun is being revived. In 2010, according to official figures, only one registered resident remained there.
“After the start of the Far Eastern Hectare program, a new settlement began to be built on the site of the decaying village of virgin lands Bulun. The history of the revival of the village can be considered since 2017, thanks to the emergence of an agglomeration of "Far Eastern hectares" near the Amga River. There were 54 plots registered here. In 2019 - 2020, highways were laid to them, electricity was supplied. The construction of infrastructure has become another incentive for a new life in these territories. At the suggestion of the deputies of the district council, the first new street of the actually restored village of Bulun was named after Maxim Sibiryakov. Maksim Nikolaevich was the one who in the 1980s led the Komsomol detachments here, who came to develop the Yakut virgin lands, to raise agriculture, "said Nikolai Arkhipov, head of the Amginsky district of Yakutia.
In the same Amginsky region of Yakutia, thanks to free hectares, the settlements of the Chakyyr and Efremovka settlements are still being revived. Compact settlements of hectares are emerging in the Khabarovsk Territory and other Far Eastern regions.
Hectare plus Far Eastern mortgage
The Far Eastern hectare registration program from 2019 can be effectively integrated with the Far Eastern mortgage program. The advantages of this symbiosis were felt, for example, by Ivan Andriuka, a resident of the village of Mezhdranka, Belogorsk District, Amur Region. Together with his wife and little son, he still lives in his parents' house. In the neighborhood, in 2017, I issued a free hectare. He dreamed of building his own house on it.
“But the money for the construction was sorely lacking. And then the "Far Eastern Mortgage" appeared. Last summer I made an application. Received money at 2% per annum. This is several times less than mortgages are issued on normal terms. I bought the material. The house is almost ready, the interior decoration remains, we are planning to bring in furniture soon, ”said Ivan Andriuka.
For the construction of their own house, hectares, according to the Ministry of Development of the Far East and the Arctic of the Russian Federation, are used by 36% of recipients of plots. Slightly more - 42% - develop agriculture on them, 10% are engaged in business, 7% are used to create tourism infrastructure, 5% are engaged in science, education, preservation of the environment, and so on.
For those who have successfully mastered the previously obtained hectares, the state is ready to provide the second on the same basis, that is, free of charge. But first, they had to notify the state about the successful development of the first hectare, as well as formalize the site in ownership or a long-term lease.
“The most successful hectares are now one of the first to receive an additional allotment of land, and choose the best plots of land, do it consciously, and not on the map, as it was originally,” explains the head of the department for work with authorized bodies on the Far Eastern Hectare project Ministry of Property of the Khabarovsk Territory Andrey Primak. - It's no secret that when the program was just beginning, people were in a hurry and stopped at areas where in fact there was a swamp or slope. Now they can consciously look at the earth in order to evaluate it and understand how suitable it is for the field of activity that they want to do. And such an opportunity must be taken advantage of by enterprising people who need land to work on it. "
More detailed information on the rules for registering the first or second hectare in the Far East or the Arctic can be found on the official Internet resource "NaDalnyVostok.RF".