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Gas is not about us
Transbaikalia is again becoming part of the myth of gasification?
After the capital of Transbaikalia was enveloped in suffocating smog, the topic of gasification was again raised in the region - it will help save the city from a large number of boiler house emissions. However, the topic of the appearance of the gas pipeline branch to Transbaikalia and Buryatia was raised six years ago during the construction of the Power of Siberia. Then few people believed in this idea, and so far turned out to be right - there is still no gas in the regions.
Boost the economy
The main leitmotif designed to gasify Transbaikalia in 2013 was the economic component. Even then, the regional authorities had in their hands a scheme of the probable passage of a gas pipeline in Transbaikalia, the length of which was supposed to be 1 km. Of several construction options, the most promising was the laying of a gas pipeline from Skovorodino in the Amur Region. In this case, the pipe was supposed to run along the Transsib and 342% of the population of Transbaikalia would be able to get access to blue fuel at minimal cost of building a network of gas distribution pipelines.
Then experts said that gasification would positively affect both the living standards of Transbaikal residents and the economy of the region. However, then Gazprom did not receive a single response from ministries, departments and enterprises of the Trans-Baikal Territory about the demand for gas from the population and industrial consumers of the Territory.
When two years later it became clear that the gas pipeline would pass by, the authorities of the region suggested looking for gas in their territory.
“Investments in geological exploration of mineral resources must be substantially increased, and the task we set ourselves is to bring the amount of investments from the federal budget to at least three billion rubles within three years. One of the areas that had not been implemented before in the territory of the region is the geological study of oil and gas. The Onon Depression, the Chitino-Ingodinsky Depression, and the Uletovsky ledge suggest that in oil equivalent we can have reserves of about 100 million tons, ”the regional government noted then.
They also spoke of the need to study the possibility of gas production from non-traditional sources. In 2015, during negotiations with a delegation from the Chinese Autonomous Region of Inner Mongolia, the regional authorities proposed cooperation in the search for oil and gas in the region with the prospect of building a gas pipeline to the border with China and a gas processing plant to meet the gas needs of the Chinese provinces. However, on the proposals, it was all over.
Today, when Chita is suffocating from smog, the topic of gasification has been raised again, and now the idea is being discussed very actively.
“Now the task is set by the governor and the issue of gasification of Chita is being worked out. Negotiations are underway with gas supplying organizations. This is possible to do, the question is only in price. It is necessary to think over the issue so that the changes do not hit the pocket of a simple person, ”he said. about. Deputy Chairman of the Government of Transbaikalia Andrey Gurulev.
Clean Air Contract
Now the idea of connecting Transbaikalia to gas does not seem so illusive. In January, the regional government agreed with Gazprom Gas Distribution Far East and Gazprom Mezhregiongaz Far East to jointly calculate the possibility of gasification of the region. In parallel, the authorities of Transbaikalia sent a letter to the Ministry of Energy of Russia on the coordination of the option of gasification of the region to include the gas pipeline in the country's territorial planning scheme. As the main option, the construction of an allotment was proposed, as, in general, six years ago, from the Power of Siberia along the Skovorodino – Chita route.
A member of the Federation Council from the Trans-Baikal Territory, Bair Zhamsuyev, said that it was very wrong that Russia was selling gas to China while the Trans-Baikal was not gasified.
“We are talking about the need for gasification of our territories. Here it is impossible to consider the problem from the point of view of commerce and obtaining economic benefits, because this is the way to nowhere. This is a political issue. In this regard, we must support the Federation Council of the Ministry for the Development of the East in the need for gasification of the regions of the Far East. It is very wrong when we sell gas to a neighboring great country, and our territories are not gasified. This is a completely different standard of living, ”said the senator.
At a meeting in the Federation Council, Bair Zhamsueva was supported by Federation Council speaker Valentina Matvienko. She said that this was a matter of questions, and the topic was repeatedly raised in the Federation Council.
“It is clear that Gazprom is interested in commercial benefits, like any business, but we must not forget that this is not only a business company, but also a state-owned company. And she, too, must participate not only in the commercial component, but also with an understanding of state significance, relate to gasification of the Far East, ”said Valentina Matvienko.
The speaker instructed the relevant committee to introduce this proposal into the resolution of the Federation Council and proposed together with the Ministry for the Development of the Far East to work on this issue separately.
“We have built such a powerful gas pipeline, we supply it to our foreign partners, and we are increasing export deliveries. This is good, but ashamed, when their own regions have such a low percentage of gasification. If the Far East is a priority, then it should be a priority for everyone, including for Gazprom. Let's look at the possibilities of gasification through the supply of liquefied gas. But this must be quickly resolved, the competitiveness of business in the Far East must be increased. And this is a key task for the development of the economy, ”said Valentina Matvienko.
Many say that, speaking of successes in gasification of territories, gas workers, as a rule, mean laying a pipe to the borders of settlements, which does not mean the appearance of gas in the homes of local residents. Citizens will have to conclude separate contracts for the design and construction of a gas pipeline through the territory of their section and inside the house - and all this for a fee, which can be different. For example, in the Moscow Region, connecting a house to a gas pipeline costs 400-700 thousand rubles, although the head of the regional Ministry of Energy Leonid Neganov claims that the average amount that residents need to pay for connecting to the gas network is 220 thousand rubles. Similar figures are voiced in other regions: in the Leningrad Region - about 300 thousand, in the Nizhny Novgorod - 150-200 thousand. The situation is worse in the Urals: for example, in the Novosibirsk Region it is impossible to keep within 200 thousand, and in the Far East even 250 thousand rubles. However, there is no talk of gasification of all villages in Transbaikalia. Most likely, the region will receive a centralized gas supply.
Language of numbers
Meanwhile, Russia has a quarter of the world's gas reserves, but the people of the country do not really heat these riches. Even in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, in whose territory the largest gas fields are located, the level of gasification does not reach 50%. This is significantly less than the national average.
At the same time, Iran, the second largest gas producer on the planet, has already increased the level of gasification in rural areas to 78%, and in cities to 96%. And Turkmenistan achieved almost 100 percent gasification at the end of the last century. Moreover, for a long time, the population of the Central Asian republic received “blue gold” for free. At the same time, even in the countries that were not the richest in gas, they were able to successfully supply them with residents. Thus, in Uzbekistan, the gasification level is 85%, although no more than 0,8% of the world's reserves are hidden in the bowels of the country, while Azerbaijan, with its 0,6%, has achieved an indicator of 92%. According to official figures, the level of gasification in Russia amounted to 68,6%.
While the issue of connecting Transbaikalia to blue fuel has not been resolved, Roman Berg, a deputy of the regional Legislative Assembly, created a petition addressed to President Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin with a request to gasify Chita, Irkutsk and Ulan-Ude. He stressed that only gas can save them from the "environmental disaster."