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Falsification of quality
As in the west of Russia is formed a false image of the gifts of the sea from the east of the country
Photo: "RIA Novosti"
Many people notice this. Pink salmon is spread out on fish stalls with chum salmon labels, pollock is sold under the guise of cod, and instead of crabs - in general, a continuous imitation.
The laboratory of the Central Institute of the Fisheries Industry rejected almost all of the caviar and a third of the fish that arrived last year for research. VNIRO Director Kirill Kolonchin presented to journalists the results of studies of fish products, transferred to the laboratory of the Institute by Roskontrol from ordinary stores. 27% of samples are found not to meet safety requirements. They found sulfate-reducing clostridia, clear indicators of fecal contamination, and spore-forming sticks, excess of yeast and sodium benzoate tens of times. By the way, all this causes rapid growth of fungal flora in the human body and leads to food poisoning.
В The Black List of Rosneft gathered a whole collection of seafood from the Fish Union companies with a multiple excess of the level of microbes, preservatives, bacterial contamination, signs of re-freezing, and so on, and so on.
Against the backdrop of clostridium, spores, benzoate and other mucks, the excess of the glaze, as well as the unpleasant smell and taste seem innocent pranks.
But the situation with red caviar is generally catastrophic. All samples, according to Kirill Kolonchin, do not comply with GOST.
Unique for Russia DNA research, which allows you to determine exactly what kind of fish is in the package - a separate story.
In the same 2016 year, according to the results of such studies 10 of 16 products, that is 60%, have inconsistencies. Last year, the Laboratory of Molecular Genetics of VNIRO discovered less - 30% falsification in the market of fish products, but this does not make it any easier for us. Agree, the purchase of haddock for the price of cod or chum at the price of salmon, does not add to the joy.
Sometimes even complex and expensive DNA studies do not need to be carried out to detect falsification. The company of the Fish Union he writes on the packaging with tilapia: "from the depths of the sea"!
According to the Ministry of Agriculture of China, the wholesale price for this ditch body "from the depths of the sea" is $ 0,55-0,67 for 0,5 kg. We also sell it at a price that reaches 500 rubles per kilogram.
No less cynical situation with the Vietnamese pangasius for $ 1-1,2 per kg. Not only do we often get fillets of this garbage fish for the Far Eastern sea, they also sell in the premium segment.
The problem of safety, quality and falsification of fish products was so serious and ambitious that it was the topic of a special meeting of the State Commission for Combating Illicit Trafficking in Industrial Products, which was recently held by the Minister of Industry and Trade of Russia, Denis Manturov. It was decided to create a Council of National Quality Infrastructure, which will include Rosselkhoznadzor, Rospotrebnadzor, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, the Investigative Committee and the FAS Russia. Not left aside, and Rosrybolovstvo, which proposed to make an ideal fish counter for the formation of a new image of Russian fish, which, however, market participants were perceived with irony.
The ideal counter is good, especially if such a counter is in every fish store. And who is against the "quality mark" of fish products ?! However, the already adopted and effective system of measures for the safety and quality of fish products can fully serve the consumer thereby "a sign of quality."
Let me remind you that the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology (Rosstandart) has approved a new GOST for caviar of salmon fish species, in which the maximum level of so-called juss, caviar juice is determined, at the level of no more than 5%, and the duty to indicate the species of red caviar, name of fish. The new GOST will operate in a test mode, but after three years will be mandatory. Decrease and the maximum amount of salt - from 7% to 5%.
Add "transparency" of seafood and the technical regulation "About the safety of fish and fish products", which came into force from 1 September, 2017. According to the requirements of this document, we can flawlessly identify not only caviar on the counter, but also all fish, fish products, getting the exact name, date and place of catch. While he did not work.
The Rosselkhoznadzor website launched the countdown to 1 July 2018, when mandatory electronic veterinary certification will come into force. The system envisaged by the federal legislation also allows tracking the timing and movement of fish products from places of catch or cultivation to the counter.
In addition, the State Duma adopted the law, which comes into force on 1 January 2019, on the identification marking, which, of course, will touch red caviar and fish in general.
So you need to worry that all these documents work in full. This will be a "sign of quality" for us.