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The "raw" forest era has come to an end
The group of companies RFP creates a complex of deep wood processing in Amursk
Near Komsomolsk-on-Amur, just 45 km, there is a satellite town of Amursk. At one time, its production capacity was focused on the production of military-industrial complex. With the change in economic realities had to switch to other types of production, primarily associated with woodworking. And today in this industry in Amursk can boast of the fact that from small projects went to serious, capital-intensive production.
One of these was the project of the RFP group of companies. Subsidiaries of the holding - LLC Amurskaya Timber Industry Company and JSC Amurskiy Industrial Center - at the Amursk site (part of TASED Komsomolsk) are working to open a production of peeled veneer in the amount of 300 thousand m3 per year and sawn timber in the amount of 250 thousand m3 in year. Investments are estimated at more than 12 billion rubles with the creation of 650 jobs.
Managing Director for Timber Processing LLC Amur Timber Industry Company Vladimir Grigoriev notes the:
“Now we are in the active phase of construction of the second sawn timber plant. Our plans are to deliver the first product in early 2017. Products will be export-oriented - Korea, China, Japan. The first project is in the operational phase and has a stable utilization of at least 60%. The main product is veneer. The main export country is Japan.
The third project is under development - pellet production. Its main goal is to balance the use of raw materials and production waste from the first two projects. The products will also be export-oriented. We expect to implement the project within two years. "
It is worth noting that the RFP is the largest timber industry group in the Far East and one of the largest in Russia. The size of the RFP forest fund is 4,5 million hectares, the allowable cutting area is 4,1 million m3 (the second in Russia after the Ilim group), and the volume of annual logging is more than 2 million m3, which is 15% of the total logging in the Far East. The RFP group includes more than 30 enterprises that form a single technological chain - from planting and harvesting to processing, transportation and sale of forest products to end consumers. The total headcount of the RFP group exceeds 6 thousand people. At the same time, the entire forest fund and industrial enterprises RFP are certified according to FSC standards (Canada), which confirms compliance with world standards of responsible forest management and reforestation.
RFP is the largest supplier of Russian timber products to the markets of North-East Asia. It accounts for over 15% of Russian timber exports to China and over 5% of Russian exports to Japan. The company is also the largest producer and exporter of sawn timber in the Far East with an annual production volume of 300 thousand m3 (excluding facilities under construction). Considering the volume of Far Eastern timber exports to the countries of the Asia-Pacific region, a step towards the creation of an enterprise for deep timber processing is the right direction. Indeed, today for the Far East, round timber still dominates in the export structure - it accounts for more than 70% of exports. At the same time, the processing industries of the Far Eastern enterprises produce products with a low degree of processing, mainly lumber. But to trade only one "raw" timber, according to the management of the RFP Group holding, is not only lost profits, but also direct financial losses.
"The entire forestry sector historically, including timber processing projects, has high price volatility, says Vladimir Grigoriev. - Therefore, the unprofitableness of the industry, unfortunately, is a regular cyclical state. Timber products are primarily an increase in the liquidity of timber. On the one hand, the strategy of the state is always focused on limiting the export of raw materials and the transition to products with deep processing. On the other hand, the countries of export in their evolutionary development are increasingly moving away from a full processing cycle to work with high-quality semi-finished products. "
President of the holding RFP Group Konstantin Lashkevich explains: "World forest prices have the same trend as oil - they fall. In this connection, the companies bear financial losses, despite the increased exchange rate of foreign currency. "
This is also confirmed by the figures: the total investments of the RFP group in the development of the timber industry complex of the Far East in 2010–2015 amounted to 13 billion rubles. At the same time, for the same period, the group paid 8,2 billion rubles. customs duties. As a result, the group's total loss in 2010–2015 amounted to RUB 7,1 billion.
"Far Eastern center for deep wood processing", which is being created within the framework of TSEER "Khabarovsk", is designed to change the current market conditions and increase the share of timber with a high degree of processing exported.
Vladimir Grigoriev notes that, “The final consumers of our products are timber processing companies in Japan, China, and Korea. From our semi-finished products, first of all, elements of wooden, traditional housing construction are made. "
It should be noted that the investment project for the construction of the Far Eastern center for deep wood processing is one of the largest in the Far East. The concept of the project involves the organization in the city of Amursk of the Khabarovsk Territory of an integrated wood processing cluster, including the production of peeled veneer, sawn timber, process chips, fuel pellets, as well as the generation of heat and electricity.
The total investment in the project exceeds 12 billion rubles, of which 8,7 billion rubles have already been implemented in 2015. Additional investments in the implementation of the project in 2016–2017 will amount to 2,9 billion rubles. It is noteworthy that until December last year this project was implemented as a priority in the field of forest development (Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 419 of June 30, 2007). On December 23, 2015, LLC Amurskaya Timber Industry Company and JSC Amurskiy Industrial Center, implementing the project, received the status of residents of the Komsomolsk PSEDA.