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Yegor Borisov: The main thing is certainty
Head of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) - about quick decisions and distant plans of the region
Photo: TASS - Photobank SPIEF
- Yegor Afanasyevich, at the last St. Petersburg Economic Forum, of which you were a participant, questions about the “vector of changes”, about new priorities in the development of the state, raised a lively discussion. But the regions of the country are very different from each other. What, in your opinion, should be common for everyone in state doctrines, and how should “local specificity” be preserved?
- The vector of development of Russia in any case for all regions is a common strategy, too. Both at the forum and at the meetings of the Economic Council, which is headed by the President of the Russian Federation, a number of important proposals were made. The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), as one of the largest constituent entities of the Russian Federation, is interested in ensuring that state programs are implemented as clearly and quickly as possible. Naturally, we also outline detailed plans of action and "check our watches" with the largest investors. Among them, in particular, Rosneft, Gazprom, ALROSA, RusHydro and others. We are negotiating, making certain innovations in contracts and agreements - for example, we have already signed such documents here with Gazprom and RusHydro ". This is our specificity. In general, with regard to big business, we, as they say, do not have a headache - everything is generally defined and debugged. Therefore, in the new Development Strategy of Yakutia until 2030, the emphasis is placed on supporting local production oriented towards domestic consumption. From agro-industrial sector to infrastructure industries. This is the second main road, which should provide us with higher rates of social and economic growth.
- And what is missing for this now?
- If we talk, for example, about agricultural production, a lot has already been done. In recent years, a whole set of documents has been adopted aimed at simplifying the conduct of entrepreneurship in the agricultural sector. Last year, with the participation of the public, we approved a comprehensive law “On the development of agriculture in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), approved the system of farming in the republic for the period up to 2020. Over the past five years, we have allocated more than 50 billion rubles to support the agro-industrial complex, and the lion's share of this money comes from the regional budget. And the result appears, these efforts are not in vain. The people in the countryside begin to understand what cooperation is, what the laws of the market are, people gradually learn to count money, invest it in development, and not just eat it up. And one more important point: we come to the conclusion that the main thing is not quantity, but quality and efficiency.
If we talk about local production, not only in relation to the village, we should talk about the development of entrepreneurship in general. In Yakutia, in principle, all the infrastructure necessary for business development has been created. But we try to continue to listen to our entrepreneurs, to give them every possible support. All problems are solved. The main thing is that there should be certainty.
- What do you have in mind? Support for the federal center?
- Including. For example, with programs for the development of the Far East and the Arctic, which affect Yakutia due to its geographic features. The budget deficit associated with the crisis is, of course, felt, and we are now compelled to seek full-fledged funding for all programs that have been legislated. But it also requires a clear understanding of what should first of all send forces and means.
- A lot of things are being done in the regions on the basis of a public-private partnership. The question arises as to whether state-owned enterprises are always working efficiently and whether it is time to “deepen privatization.” Does ALROSA need this, for example, or how should it develop? cutting industry in general?
- I have said this more than once and I will repeat it again: for today, the state is an effective owner for ALROSA, therefore, control over the corporation on its part must be preserved. It is carried out through two shareholders - the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and the Russian Federation, in total we have more than 50% - that is, a controlling stake. It is impossible to privatize further. There is a corresponding agreement that is valid until 2019. But even within the framework of regional laws, we are not going to privatize our share yet, and this is a firm position.
As for the lapidary industry, there are difficulties associated with the fall in the scope of work. It became very difficult for enterprises to buy raw materials: our lapidary factories and mills are at a disadvantage compared to foreign firms, since they pay duties and VAT. As a result, the cost of production is higher. Cancellation of duties can change the situation. But while "ALROSA" with the support of the presidential envoy to the Far Eastern Federal District Yury Trutnev decided to send free working capital to support the lapidary enterprises in the form of cheap loans. This will allow them to buy from ALROSA raw materials without unnecessary "cheating" in value. True, the financial and legal mechanisms for such support have not been finalized yet, and we hope to do so by the end of the year.
- One of the most important question for the Far Eastern regions - the tariffs for electricity - finds its solution. How is it being solved now with regard to Yakutia?
- The timing of the implementation of the law, according to which it is planned to introduce average tariffs for the entire country in the regions of the Far East, is proposed to be prolonged for 3 years and to introduce a reduction in the price of tariffs in stages. We are against such a system and have already made our proposals, also enlisting the support of Plenipotentiary Envoy Yuri Trutnev. Our position is that the law should be implemented in the form of a complete reduction of tariffs to the level of the national average during this year. Otherwise, the gradual reduction in tariffs will simply be eaten away by inflation.
- With new TOR on the territory of the region, are you also a supporter of quick decisions?
- TOP "South Yakutia" was established in an extremely short time, the same happened with the TOP "Kangalassy" - the only one where small and medium-sized businesses are involved. There are already real results, and we hope for even greater returns. Now we are preparing at least two new proposals for new priority development areas. I won't go into details yet - when everything is ready, we will present the information publicly.
- It is decided to support small business in the republic. But in the new market-crisis times there are other "small" people who need help from the authorities - indigenous small peoples, which in the republic have always been in a special situation. Will their benefits continue in the future, will the system of social support for such residents of the region be improved?
"One thing is connected with the other, there is no contradiction. In the republic, of course, there are programs to support the culture and language of small nations, special education. We have allocated and we will allocate sufficient funds from the republic's budget for this. But in terms of material terms, the support of indigenous peoples goes in the framework of the development of specific sectors - agriculture, reindeer husbandry, fishing, hunting. For this purpose, we have established a special legislative base in Yakutia, which makes it possible to subsidize and subsidize representatives of small peoples engaged in traditional crafts. This allows you not to lose such industries, literally "give people a fishing pole, not fish."
Of course, social programs are also fully preserved - for example, the organization of children's summer holidays. By the way, sometimes the children have to be literally dragged out to summer camps in the summer - parents demand that children help them in camps, they always need hands. But the health of the young generation is still more expensive, it is necessary to conduct an educational program among moms and dads.
Support programs for small peoples is a usual thing for us. But there are also emergency situations - for example, when floods occur. In this case, the system also operates without failures. The main thing is that people fill out the necessary documents on time and normally - then we provide assistance as quickly as possible. This year, the village of Berezovka has suffered, perhaps there will be problems in several other settlements. We hope that the losses will be insignificant. And we will be able to solve these problems on our own, I think, support from the federal center will not be needed.
- Possible surprises are in advance put in the budget?
- As in any subject, the budget is experiencing certain difficulties and is planned with a certain deficit. But we fulfill and will fulfill all our social obligations, I promised it publicly and will not give up my words. We never went beyond the limits of the established and allowable debt to the federal government and we will not leave it. We will cope. Force enough.