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Two applicants for the construction of the Yakut bridge
Within one week, the capital of Yakutia was visited by representatives of two Chinese corporations, which plan to build a bridge over the Lena River
In Yakutsk, they got acquainted with the situation and, having enlisted the support of local authorities, announced their intention to submit documents to the Ministry of Transport of Russia to participate in the competition. The government of Yakutia does not hide its satisfaction from negotiations with representatives of Chinese state-owned companies.
He also noted the technological complexity of the project and the willingness of companies to build a bridge in a northern climate.
During a visit to Yakutsk, representatives of the Chinese state-owned company Sinohydro Corporation Ltd announced their experience in the design and construction of transport facilities. Deputy Director of the Department of Eurasia "Sinogidro" Mr. Cheng Shijun, while inspecting the construction site of the bridge, also spoke about negotiations with colleagues from Russian companies that are building infrastructure facilities in the North. He noted that cooperation should also be conducted with local design institutes in order to speed up the preparatory process, as well as with Yakut suppliers of building materials.
The head of the Chinese delegation visited the territory of the proposed construction, as well as the relevant departments, including companies and institutions interested in the implementation of the project. He announced the entry into the first phase of the actual work. At a meeting in the Ministry of Economy of Yakutia, held at the end of the visit, the participants planned to create a specialized project office on the basis of the Yakutia Investment Development Agency. As conceived by the parties, AIR will become a "single window" for all communications related to the implementation of the project. The Chinese "Sinogidro" promises to submit its action plan in a month, and the finished investment project will be presented at the Eastern Economic Forum in September in Vladivostok.
Following the first Chinese delegation, Yakutsk was visited by representatives of the International Engineering Company "Bureau 18" of the Chinese Railway Corporation. They visited the opposite bank of the river, where the Nizhny Bestyakh railway station was built (where the AYAM ends), assessed the prospects for cargo transportation. The organization's secretary, Mr. Zhang Shian, outlined the complexity of the task: “The main problems for the construction of the bridge are permafrost, frost and strong river flow. It will take a year to design. It is necessary to calculate the design under different operating conditions, taking into account permafrost soils and seismic resistance. The construction itself will require
The head of the delegation noted that this is the company's first project in Russia: “We do not expect big profits, it is important for us to open the Russian market for the future.” He spoke about the experience of building similar facilities at Bureau 18 in similar conditions - in Tibet, when the company built a railway line at an altitude of more than 4 meters, its length was 000 km, excluding the overpass. This work was the first of its kind in China and received scientific awards.
“We need to calculate how much it will cost. It is very convenient to transport goods along the existing track, but the station is located on the other side of the river. It is necessary to build a bridge, its appearance will be useful for the development of the local economy, - said Mr. Zhang Shian.
The government of Yakutia has assured that it is discussing the project of arrangement of the bridge crossing with various initiators. At the same time, the republic intends to adhere to the original plan for the construction of a combined road-rail bridge. It is understood that at the initial stage it will be automobile, but with a platform that will allow to build a branch line in the future. The basic condition for investors and for maintaining private initiative is that the object is taken into account in the state target program for the development of transport.
A trilateral protocol of intent for joint work on the most important Yakut infrastructure project was signed in Harbin during the Russian-Chinese EXPO in October 2015. Business relations were consolidated by representatives of the government of Russia, Yakutia and Heilongjiang province. Alexey Zagorenko, Director of the Investment Development Agency of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), presented the project to 350 Chinese companies. He stressed that the federal authorities are ready to consider the possibility of concluding a concession agreement with a foreign investor, and the funds required to pay off obligations are provided in the state budget within the framework of the program "Development of the transport system of Russia."
Earlier, the cost of building a highway across the Lena River was estimated at 64 billion rubles; this bridge was to become the most expensive in Russia. Its length under the project was 3,1 km, the length of the access roads was 21 km. The bridge will connect two parts of Yakutia with each other: along the federal highway M-56 "Lena" - from Never to Yakutsk on the one hand, the regional highway "Umnas" (Yakutsk - Olekminsk) on the other, and connect the republic's capital to the country's transport infrastructure. In the meantime, there is no bridge, the communication is carried out by ferries in summer and along the river ice road from December to April. In other months, you can only get from the central to the southern part of the republic by air.