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Friendly power lines
The "accessible nest" program for a rare Far Eastern stork
Specialists of the branch of PJSC "FGC UES" - Amursky company of the main electric grids help to preserve and increase the species included in the International Red List (IUCN). The number of the Far Eastern, or black-stork stork on the planet for the last 40 years has decreased threefold, in the Far East of Russia, in China, Korea and Japan they have remained 4 thousand.
Relations between power engineers and the Far Eastern storks have been tense since the day when the first bird pair preferred the support of a power line to a traditional tree. Nests of storks of twigs and clay weigh to 200 kilograms. Not every tree has this power, and the plains in the Amur region are not particularly wooded. Birds moved to reliable, strong power lines on the poles, raising the nests to an almost inaccessible height from predators - bears. To power engineers this brought great troubles, repair teams began to frequent the fields. For the storks, the family life with the current at its side was also unsafe. Experts of the federal network company tried to frighten off the birds with special anti-stick devices - "hedgehogs", but the persistent birds wove nests on them. Then the energy found a way out.
"We have been interacting with the Far Eastern stork for a long time, for more than a decade, and for this time we have developed a whole range of measures for the safe living of birds on power lines and ensuring the uninterrupted operation of our networks. Even a few, because the time goes by, something more efficient, something less. It was in FGC UES that they came up with a special site for nests on the power transmission lines, which became a very successful project! " "PrimDiscovery" Alexander Krivosheev, director of the branch of JSC FGC UES - Amursky enterprise of backbone electrical networks.
The project "Let's Save the Far Eastern Stork Together" the engineers of FGC UES embody with the World Wildlife Fund WWF Russia and the Russian Geographical Society. On poles with power lines, specialists mount the nesting grounds, - a kind of foundation for the creation of sturdy staple families. The platforms are placed away from high-voltage wires. In the habitat of storks on 52, special protective equipment was installed from 59 LEP. In 2018, half of the population of the Far Eastern stork has already moved to the metal "forests" in the Amur Region. Only 10% of such sites are empty. In total, in the Far East, more than 26 thousand of safe structures were installed.
The solution of the "apartment" issue is not the only thing that helps the Far Eastern stork. And although a bird weighing about 4-kgs and a height of about 120 cm has a few natural enemies (nests are ravaged by bears and poachers), the species is sensitive to pollution. A stork is a symbol of the ecological well-being of the area. But if there are harmful substances in the water, soil or air, birds can not sit out eggs and bring forth full offspring. In addition, these feathered - odnolyuby, and in the event of the death of a partner, they do not always find a substitute for him.
"2018-th year is named the World Wildlife Fund as the Year of the Far Eastern Stork. More than 90% of its nests are in Russia. Last account of black and white was made 13 years ago, it's time to understand what we came to during this time, and again tell about the need to protect this species. Felling of trees, pollution of reservoirs, poachers, fires - because of the human impact on the ecosystem, the population of the Far Eastern stork is declining, and now people have the task to help "- says Anna Barma, senior coordinator for the specially protected natural areas of the Amur branch World Wildlife Fund (WWF) of Russia.
Photo Shoot: Mikhail Parilov
Help the Far Eastern storks and the "Keepers of the True Nests" - 30 people and 5 organizations-curators who care about 130 nests. The World Wildlife Fund provided them with everything necessary.
Ecologists carry out ringing of birds, their census and registration of nests, processing of habitats from fires and fires, protection of populated trees from predators. The project of FGC UES with the installation of platforms on supports in many ways simplified this work. In April 2018 specialists launched a bird version of the show "Houses 2" - Internet-project «Stork online». The camera was installed next to one of the nests near the village of Tambovka in the Amur Region, at an altitude of 20. The project was a trial, and while suspended, but the audience hopes to continue.