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Will status bring good?
How the transfer of the capital of the Far Eastern Federal District to Vladivostok affected the life of the city
Exactly a year will mark 13 December from the moment Vladimir Putin signed the decree on the transfer of the capital of the Far Eastern Federal District from Khabarovsk to Vladivostok. The authorities of Primorye said that this will positively affect the city. Whether there have been changes and how they affected the life of the regional center, EastRussia found out.
A thin world is better than a good quarrel
After assigning the status of the capital of the Far Eastern Federal District in 2019, the revenue of the budget of Vladivostok increased almost 1,5 times - from 14 to 20 billion rubles. The federal and regional money was allocated for the repair of roads and facades, the renewal of public transport, and the improvement of local territories. According to experts, these transformations became possible, including due to the lack of confrontation between the governor of Primorye and the mayor of Vladivostok.
“Back in the“ zero ”years, when the question of creating federal districts was only discussed, it was planned that Vladivostok would be the capital of the formed district. And only because of the personal complicated relations between the envoy and the governor in that period of time, the center of the Far Eastern Federal District became Khabarovsk, ”says Georgy Martynov, president of the Association of Fishery Enterprises of Primorsky Krai.
According to him, Vladivostok has always had advantages over Khabarovsk. It is not for nothing that it is called the Eastern Gate of Russia.
“If we recall the pre-revolutionary history of the city, almost all consular missions and embassies were located in Vladivostok. Its geopolitical location, convenient non-freezing ports, transport infrastructure are prerequisites for determining Vladivostok as the main center of the Far Eastern Federal District, ”the expert adds
He recalled that from 2009 to 2012 during the preparation of Vladivostok for the APEC summit, an unprecedented amount for Russia was invested in infrastructure from the federal budget - 23 billion dollars.
“So the definition of Vladivostok as the main city of the Far Eastern Federal District is a historical regularity, and not a whim of the president and government,” Martynov notes.
Experts believe that it is too early to give an analytical assessment of the development of Vladivostok in connection with a change in status - too little time has passed. But the forecast is obviously positive, since the status of the “capital” has only advantages in the development of the city, both in the marketing component and in the financial one.
When asked what has changed in Vladivostok over the year, experts respond that the city is preparing to move the central office of the Far Eastern Federal District. However, it would not hurt to reduce it. The ordinary population is leaving, and if the bureaucratic apparatus does not swell, it clearly does not experience a tendency to decrease. Reducing the managerial apparatus would be an effective contribution to the economy of the region, experts say.
The main problem of the Far East and especially Primorsky Krai is overregulation and administrative barriers that provoke a deficit in the volume of construction. In part, the increase in migration rates is associated with the outflow of the population, which is provoked by many factors, including the inaccessibility of high-quality affordable housing. And the status of the capital here will not save.
Denis Vlasov, Managing Partner of the VladPravo Law Firm, cites figures: of the applications received since May 1, 2019 regarding obtaining a land plot for construction, 1 are applications from residents of the free port. Of the 288 applications considered, a refusal with justification of the reasons was made on 829 applications, only 780 land lease agreements and a land plot purchase and sale agreement were concluded; 26 orders were adopted to approve the layout of the land plot on the cadastral plan of the territory.
“If we take the percentage ratio, then only 0,24% received“ good ”from residents who applied to officials. And in this aspect, the transfer of the capital from Khabarovsk did not make much weather, ”said Denis Vlasov.
The main reason for the refusal to provide land to residents by SPV was the violation of the requirements of paragraph 4 of part 3 of article 11.3 of the Land Code, according to which only in accordance with the approved project of land surveying, land is formed within the boundaries of an element of the planning structure built up in apartment buildings, and not through an arrangement land or land on the cadastral plan of the territory.
The current situation for foreign investors is associated with certain risks, experts are sure. After all, competent businessmen primarily look at statistics on the growth of wealth, inflow and outflow of the population of the region.
“Despite the status of the capital of the Far Eastern Federal District, the problems associated with investing in construction are still not being resolved. The work of the Krai administration regarding submitted and satisfied applications, such as a building permit, commissioning of new facilities, financing, is very weak, ”said investor-entrepreneur Alexander Kucherenko.
The shortage of land in the Vladivostok city district has long been a stumbling block regarding the development of land plots. At the moment, from the side of the HOUSE. Russia exhibited about 60 hectares of land of different sizes and purposes, but even he does not want to help with their development.
“I, as a developer of a shopping center on Patroclus, having a lease with DOM.RF on my example, I can say that this organization does not contribute to the speedy implementation of the project in their territory. Several times I asked for assistance in obtaining permits, but obtaining easements for communications passing through their land plots takes a lot of time and useless approvals, according to the results of which it is necessary to wait for half a year for template answers that do not play any role for network organizations. The organization is only interested in money, and with the slightest violation of the contract, space forfeits and fines are set, ”Alexander Kucherenko shared with EastRussia.
Big business, too, does not see any rainbow transformations from the status of the capital. Dmitry Alekseev, CEO and co-founder of the DNS group of companies, said that the Vladivostok status of the capital of the Far Eastern Federal District does not change the economic paradigm of the city.
“Certainly, administrative resources from Khabarovsk will be tightened, giving an impetus to an even greater increase in the cost of apartments. It is possible that Vladivostok will host the administration of Russian Railways and other administrative resources, but there will be no “revolution”. From an economic point of view, we have no particular problems. In this sense, changing the status of the city on business processes and the life of the population will not have a key impact, ”said the businessman.
Image and infrastructure
The fact that we live in the capital of the Far East today did not positively affect us in monetary terms, some respondents say. Others are sure that positive changes are hard to miss.
“It is too early to talk about the volume of investments. And the fact that, for example, an agreement has already been concluded with Gazprom in the context of the oil and gas industry - the population is like a dead poultice: gas has become more expensive, more expensive and continues to go up, ”commented Yury Kolomeytsev, political scientist and head of the Black Cube Social Innovation Center.
The expert does not observe any significant changes in infrastructure. In addition, migration from the region is intensifying, and problems remain with employment.
“As for education, young people prefer to study in the central regions of the country. The new status - the economy is not an assistant, the situation is only getting worse. Someone somewhere “upstairs” came up with the idea that the Far East are eating oversized trepang with red caviar. A fundamentally erroneous opinion, based, as I think, on certain mythical figures. And after all, these figures claim that, they say, we live perfectly, it’s a sin to complain. Believe - do not believe the statistics, and you have to chew bread without butter. And the bureaucratic apparatus continues to stubbornly overlook this sad fact, ”the political scientist notes.
The candidate of economic sciences, financial consultant Maxim Krivelevich agrees with him. He proposes to consider the situation in terms of a combination of image processes and processes of economic growth.
“Firstly, Vladivostok has become a testing ground for the Free Port of Vladivostok and Advanced Development Territory modes, and this is the only successful reform of recent decades. Plus, the devaluation of the ruble in the 2014 year, which became a powerful impetus to the development of exports, tourism, medium and large businesses. Secondly, with regard to the image, here we are witnessing significant processes: the transfer of the largest forums, conferences, summits and other significant events, the arrival of large corporations and companies, representatives of the state apparatus. All this cannot adversely affect the image and economic components of Vladivostok. However, the reason for all of the above is the economic reality that exists today, and not the transfer of the capital from Khabarovsk to Vladivostok, ”said Maxim Krivelevich.In the meantime, even the embassy, which advocated the transfer of the capital of the Far Eastern Federal District, is postponing its move from Khabarovsk to Vladivostok. The agency promised to move to Russky Island by 2020, but so far it has not done so.