This text is translated into Russian by google automatic human level neural machine.
EastRussia is not responsible for any mistakes in the translated text. Sorry for the inconvinience.
Please refer to the text in Russian as a source.
The road of life
In the roads leading to Kolyma, billions of rubles are invested, but there are no problems to the end
One of the largest highways in the Far East has a length of about 2300 km. And practically along its entire length it does not comply with the standards. Everything is here at once: dangerous slopes, large radii of curves, clamps limiting visibility, insufficient width of the roadway, destruction, wear ... In fact, no one has paid much attention to this road for the last 20 years. For a long time, funding was also not sufficient: over the past 8 years (from 2005 to 2013), 3,9 billion rubles were allocated for the construction and reconstruction of the highway. - about the same as in this year alone.
At the same time, talks about the exorbitant cost of a project for the construction and reconstruction of the federal highway are not so rare. By some estimates, it will require a total of at least 150 billion rubles. , and its implementation will take about 30 years. However, even skeptics are sure that these investments are necessary: at stake is not only the inclusion of the eastern regions in a single Russian transport network, but also the prospects for their economic development.
The last problem, by the way, was discussed at two recent meetings with the participation of the heads of the Magadan region and Yakutia. Now a number of key projects for the development of both regions - in particular, the development of the largest mineral deposits, among which one of the most significant - the Yano-Kolyma gold ore province - is hampered due to the unsatisfactory state (or rather, lack) of the transport infrastructure. The meeting resulted in a project to integrate the reconstruction of the Kolyma highway into the federal targeted program “Social and Economic Development of the Far East and the Baikal Region to 2018 of the Year”. Without this, it automatically becomes impossible to work on other promising projects, including those already in the mentioned state program.
"We must look at the future. The next step after the energy security measures for the Yano-Kolyma gold province will be the implementation of a large-scale project to combine the isolated power systems of the Far East with UNEG Russia, "said Dmitry Chernykh, director of the Directorate for the Construction of Power Facilities in the Magadan Region, JSC DVEUK. - It's about creating a power bridge in Yakutia-Magadan Region. In addition to solving the problem of reliable energy supply of promising mineral deposits, the project will contribute to the formation of the North-Eastern mining cluster. By the way, this project has already been taken into account in the current version of the program "Social and Economic Development of the Far East and the Baikal Region until 2025".
However, the development of the Yano-Kolyma gold province is hampered by the lack of transport infrastructure - and, specifically, by the problems with the reconstruction of the Kolyma road. Until recently, there were questions with the organization of the electric grid economy, which ensures the development of deposits, but now the related tasks are being solved.
Of course, if all these projects are implemented, any investment in the reconstruction of the Kolyma highway will pay off with interest. Another thing is that the implementation of these plans already requires the existence of a modern highway. And it is not.
In a word, a vicious circle. Without the creation of the energy bridge of Yakutia-Magadan, development of promising deposits is impossible. The energy bridge implies the integration of the energy systems of the regions into a single Russian network. But everything starts again with the transport infrastructure - and without the Kolyma again, in any case: for Yakutia and Magadan Oblast this is the real "road of life" - all the traffic flows go through it.
By now, the parameters of the project for the construction and reconstruction of the federal highway Kolyma up to 2022 have already been developed. However, the speech in the program is not so much about bringing the road in line with modern standards, how many, quite simply speaking, about patching holes. Chronic neglect of the route makes itself felt - huge funds, forces, time will go to eliminate very much catastrophic defects.
All of the above are plans for the next 8 years. As for this year, a total of 6 track objects with a total length of 77,1 km and 777,3 running meters of bridges are already underway. Including in the Magadan region - 2 object with a length of 17,1 km. However, not all work will be completed in the 2014 year.
"In 2014, the Far East Directorate plans to put into operation an 4 object with an extension of 29,6 km of roads, including 724,1 running meters of bridges, and in the Magadan Region - an 2 object with an extension of 17,1 km and a bridge across the Kolyma," D. said. Babak.
As for the difficult sections of the Kolyma route in Yakutia, it is assumed that their reconstruction will be completely completed this year. For these purposes over the past years, more than 4 billion rubles have been directed.
"Since this site will be put into operation by autumn of this year, the results of the choice of technologies can be assessed almost immediately," he said. duties of the head of the department of motorways "Magadan" Nikolay Zaitsev. - In general, it's time to remember the proverb that the miser pays twice. Now we are working with our partners - contractors, we urge them to bet on the use of high-quality materials and equipment. The cost of them (perhaps not so modest) will eventually save considerably in the future - on a long-term maintenance-free operation of the road. "
In the coming years, and the amount of work, and, of course, their funding will be increased at times. So, if this year investments in the reconstruction of the Kolyma highway exceeded 3 billion rubles, then in 2017, 13 billion rubles will be spent for these purposes, 2018 billion will be already 21 billion, and in general for the period up to 2022 a year investment will exceed 118 billion rubles.
And of course, how in this case, without surprises? Earlier this month, it became known that the construction of sections of the Kolyma highway in two districts of Yakutia will be handled by the Surguttruboprovodstroy company, which acquired the 51% stake from the Yakut company SU-888, which won the tender for the works. Meanwhile, now with respect to Surguttruboprovodstroy, which undertook to repair the Kolyma section for 1,3 billion rubles, a bankruptcy procedure is being carried out.
FAD Kolyma Yakutsk - Magadan connects four administrative entities - the city of Magadan, Khasynsky, Yagodninsky, Susuman districts and passes through 15 settlements. All cargo transportations from the sea port in Nagaev Bay to mountain and other enterprises of the Magadan Region and the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) are carried out along the motorway.
By categories, the road is divided: I-B - 6 km - IY - 478 km. II - 140 km; - Y - 151 km. III - 59 km. According to the types of coverage: asphalt concrete - 75,14 km, cement concrete - 69,69 km, gravel - 689 km.
To date, under repair is 587 km (70% of the total length of the exploited area). Over more than 150 km of road, gravel pavement wear is 100%; 208 km (25% of the total length of the road) are areas with subsidence of road bed, narrowing of the carriageway, destruction of culvert pipes; 229 km are areas where the radii of the curves and the longitudinal slopes do not correspond to the standard values. Of the 99 bridges located along the road, 22 are in poor condition; of 1093 Culverts of such 420.