This text is translated into Russian by google automatic human level neural machine.
EastRussia is not responsible for any mistakes in the translated text. Sorry for the inconvinience.
Please refer to the text in Russian as a source.
The dilemma of "peaceful atom"
What does the accident at the Fukushima 1 nuclear power plant really mean for Japan?
Before the accident, Japanese atomic energy flourished. After the war for nuclear-poor Japan, the emergence of atomic energy was a real miracle. After the oil crises of 1970, the “peaceful atom” became a means of getting rid of oil dependence, and in 2000 the nuclear power industry was steadily developing, becoming the main trump card in the fight against the increase in CO2 emissions, which is the cause of global warming.
The accident at the Fukushima-1 plant slowed the implementation of the course to increase the number of nuclear power plants of this type that were promoted under the auspices of the "myth of safety". It is not necessary to assume that even before the catastrophe that caused radioactive contamination, the emergence of a large number of refugees and, in general, had a great impact on Japanese society, energy policy was traditionally something good. There are also natural opinions that the level of dependence on nuclear energy will gradually decrease, which marks the transition to a more mature society and fully corresponds to the current situation in Japan, for which unstable time began.
On this occasion, representatives of the Abe government stated that structural reforms are not only not being implemented, but even seem to be going back to where they started. In the spring of the "main energy plan" there are points relating to the continued reduction of dependence on nuclear energy and finding an important source of electricity that would take on the main burden of nuclear power plants. The plan to make the “peaceful atom” the main method of generating electricity has not changed, and one way or another there is a high probability that we will return to the idea of updating and creating new nuclear power plants.
- Why did it happen? There are two reasons. The first is that, compared with the implementation of structural energy reforms that require tremendous efforts, in the current situation for the Abe administration, the policy of economic growth is more priority.
I am not in favor of the idea of an immediate abandonment of the "peaceful atom." It should be left as an option for choosing the way to produce energy in the future. Nevertheless, I believe that it is necessary to embark on the path of implementing structural reforms in life.
“What is worth doing for this?” First, create a different decision-making mechanism in energy policy. Taking into account the reviews of the atomic energy committee, I agreed with the proposals of intelligent people who said that it is necessary to reform the “neutral and fair” structure, which does not share the position regarding support for the “peaceful atom”. This time it did not come to reorganization. Expectations are more than modest.
Taking carelessly of structural reforms, returning to the old energy policy and not receiving the approval of society, it is impossible to resolve the dilemma as to whether to promote the nuclear power industry or resist it.
The Japanese have not learned any lessons from what happened 11 March.