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EastRussia found out why the residents of Vanino are unhappy with the work of the port
The other day, Rosprirodnadzor demanded for 90 days to suspend the work of one of the largest enterprises of the Khabarovsk Territory - JSC "Vanino Commercial Sea Port." Residents of Vanino at the rallies demanded to stop the pollution of coal dust with water and air around their homes and complain to various instances. What local activists seek from the port, how the authorities reacted, the enterprise itself and the court, EastRussia understood.
Problems with air quality and pollution in the Vanino settlement began as early as 2012, “when the Vanino port began to increase coal transshipment to the detriment of other types of cargo,” local environmental activists told EastRussia. According to them, due to the activities of the port of Vanino, a layer of coal dust covers the pier and nearby territories, and the wind brings it to the village. “If earlier coal was shipped from the points as remote as possible from the village of Vanino, now it is literally under the windows. From crushers to the windows of the nearest house - 150 m at a rate of at least 500 m, ”said Vadim Moskvichev, chairman of the Vanino environmental initiative group.
He recalls that the first rally against pollution of the village coal was held in 2013 year. The main source of dust at that time was the Daltransugol enterprise, a subsidiary of SUEK. Over the past three years, Vadim Moskvichev admits, Daltransugol has radically changed the situation - it has introduced dust suppression systems. But the Vaninsky port of such systems as there was no, and no.
"All these years we have appealed to all instances: Rosprirodnadzor, Rospotrebnadzor, the prosecutor's office of all levels, the regional authorities, Vladimir Putin, Dmitry Medvedev ... They wrote allegations of violations to the supervisory authorities, thereby initiating verification of the verification, they wanted them to be held regularly : During the tests, the port tried to either suspend or reduce the volume of work, so as not to create a lot of dust, "- says Vadim Moskvichev.
According to his calculations, only for the year was filed about 40 statements that the port violates the law. Inspections usually ended for the enterprise with fines, the size of which - from 5 thousand rubles. Physical person-manager and up to 20-30 thousand rubles legal entity - in the scale of the port "nothing". The port paid and continued to work. "However, all these inspections gave an array of reasons to now talk about the suspension of the port," said the chairman of the initiative ecological group "Vanino".
Rosprirodnadzor confirm that during the whole of the year 2016 received complaints from citizens on violation of environmental requirements for coal handling and sorting at the site of JSC "Vanino Commercial Sea Port" ("Port Vanino"), "as a result of which there was intense pollution by coal dust of the atmosphere adjacent to it To the port of the territories and the water area of Vanino Bay. " "As a result of the inspections, the legal entity was brought to administrative responsibility four times a year for environmental violations, but the port's administration has not taken any effective measures to ensure environmental safety," the press-secretary of the department Andrei Zhukov said.
The Pacific Maritime Administration of Rosprirodnadzor conducted an administrative investigation and found that the cause of environmental pollution was the work of unregistered crushing plants of JSC "Port Vanino". "With these machines, porters bring coal into the market, as during the transshipment coal and other objects fall into the coal. At home, the supplier does not want to enrich it, because it is technologically costly and pollutes the environment, but pays extra for this port, "explains Vadim Moskvichev.
"For some of these installations, the company did not have permits," says the press secretary of Rosprirodnadzor, Andrei Zhukov. "In fact, they were operated illegally in the port, and no harmful emissions were taken into account." 27 January, the department sealed ten crushing plants before the leadership of the port took effective measures to ensure environmental safety during coal transshipment and sorting. The volume of unauthorized emissions in Rosprirodnadzor is considered "significant" for the quality of atmospheric air and water area, noting that the port operates around the clock.
Supervisory authority through the court demanded to suspend the activities of the company for up to 90 days. 2 February, the Vanino district court on the suit of Rosprirodnadzor found Port Vanino OJSC guilty according to part 1 art. 8.21 COAP RF ("Emission of harmful substances into the atmospheric air or harmful physical effects on it without special permission"). The court imposed a penalty in the form of a fine of 250 000 rubles. However while the enterprise will continue work. "Prohibitive measures will be extended by the service until the violations of environmental legislation are fully eliminated," the regulator informs. Also, the head of Rosprirodnadzor Artem Sidorov instructed the Pacific Maritime Administration department to keep this issue under constant control.
EastRussia Help. OJSC Port Vanino, according to the third quarter of 2016 year (the last disclosed), controls Xitan Titan JSC (structure of Russian Railways and NPF Blagosostoyanie) by 18,75%, and four Cypriot companies by 63,64%. Their co-owners in the market consider Mechel and its main shareholders. Mechel itself is formally not connected with the port: during the privatization of the state share in the company 55% of its capital was bought by the subsidiary Mechel-Trans, but then the packages were sold to offshore companies. For 2016 year the port processed about 7 million tons of cargo. The main share in the shipment is occupied by the export coal Mechel (about 4,5 million tons in 2016 year), much less - imported alumina by Rusal. Forest products accounted for about 600 thousand tons. Industry of Vanino district is focused on logistics, logging, processing and extraction of aquatic biological resources.
The suppression of all forces
The port declares that they are fighting with coal dust and are conducting a "campaign to reduce the proportion of dusting cargo." The press service of OJSC "Port Vanino" says that "in order to reduce dusting from the beginning of January, the port refused to transfer coal, requiring crushing before shipment, crushing and sorting machines were used exclusively as a magnetic separator to trap metallic inclusions in incoming coal." The company also informed that a snow generator is functioning in the port, which prevents the spread of dust, work is under way to protect the stacks of coal with two-meter reinforced concrete slabs. In the first ten days of February, the company promises to put into operation four more snow blowers, which they call "the most effective technological solution for combating coal dust in conditions of negative temperatures." The plants produce snow in winter, and in the summer - water fog, which must precipitate the dust.
25 January in Vanino, a meeting with the inhabitants was held by the Governor of the Khabarovsk Territory Vyacheslav Shport. "I invited the management of Mechel to come to the site and see for themselves whether there is an object of conversation. I asked him to come sometimes. If we come to Vanino and the snow is covered with coal, much or little, then there is a question, and they need to be engaged, "said the governor, commenting on the results of the meeting. "We found violations of labor protection during the meeting - when the time is not given out the robe, as one of the dockers said, or there are not enough gloves or respirators that the port administration should issue. They, in turn, complain that there is no money. So I invited the management of Mechel to see and evaluate what is happening. We are here on the side of citizens, we will monitor the process and help them, "the governor said." Port needs to make a profit, but we need healthy citizens who will help to make a profit. "
During the meeting with the public, Mr. Shport promised that within two weeks a specially created working group would prepare a program to improve the environmental situation in the village and port of Vanino. "We will not limit those who wish to join it. There will be members of the government, the public, specialists who will work on the issues that are worthwhile. We will develop a program of joint actions and coordinate it with Mechel, the regional authorities and the regional ones, "the governor promised.
Mechel is assured that it "is ready to assist the port authorities in organizing environmental measures", as the company "as a key client of the port is interested in uninterrupted operation and further technological upgrading of equipment and infrastructure". Chairman of the Board of Directors of OJSC Mechel Igor Zyuzin, who also visited the meeting with the residents of Vanino, said: "We take some time to study. We will study the document, which was signed by the previous head - what are the measures and terms. And this issue will be removed in the near future. " "We will consider the proposals of the Vaninians: they offer part of the coal to crush at the initial period, also a good idea, should be considered," added Governor Vyacheslav Shport.
The arrival of the leadership of the Khabarovsk Territory and Mechel OAO did not cancel the planned rally: it was held on January 29. According to Vadim Moskvichev, about 500 people came to the rally, according to the police - about 350. Following the results, the activists submitted a resolution demanding "to stop the long-term pollution with coal and alumina dust."
Valery Balakin, General Director of JSC Port Vanino, clarifies that as of the end of January, coal is cleaned only at one of the berths and only with the use of snow generators. The first such device "proved to be efficient". "The company purchased four more snow blowers, they will arrive on 7-8 February. The second stage - by the end of February, I hope we will get a vacuum machine that can hold about 20 cubes of coal dust, can work both in winter and in the summer, for cleaning roads and storage areas, "the general director of the port promises.
The third stage of combating coal dust, he said, is "the construction of a two-meter fence wherever coal is located." "This gives a smaller spillage of coal on the road and, naturally, less pollination. Plus better cleaning of the territory. All this should lead to a significant reduction in dusting. In addition, now we are more rigidly approaching the implementation of technological standards by cranes and drivers of forklifts working with coal, "says Valery Balakin.
Through the port, according to his calculations, in 2016 year there was about 12 thousand tons of coal per day, plans for shipping in 2017-m are the same. "At the same time, we do not clean or crush half of this volume of coal, that is, it is sent to China as it is", - specifies the general director of JSC "Port Vanino". He stresses that the water contaminated with coal dust "does not enter the port water area: we have a negative inclination to water, and there is not such a volume of liquid to pollute the port."
The initiative group of activists meanwhile intends to strive for strict measures against the port. "Stopping the port for 90 days will solve the problem. Having counted the lost money, the owner will be motivated to change something. He will understand that we will not leave this question. We believe that we have given enough time to modernize the port. And they did not want to do this, brazenly and cynically ignoring the requirements of the law, "- says Vadim Moskvichev. Over these years, "the four general directors of the port were replaced - each new one came, made promises, a year later he was fired, and the problem remained unsolved," he adds.
The representative of the initiative group understands that if the port is suspended for 90 days, the management of the enterprise may accuse the initiators of these measures in that they "infringe upon the rights of dockers and do not allow them to earn". "But the small salary of the docker, in our opinion, does not justify the risk to health. Medium technical personnel, drivers, crane operators receive 50-60 thousand rubles per month. We are now thinking about enlisting the labor inspectorate to warn people if the port starts dockers to send on unjustified holidays. After all, 2 / 3 salary port should be paid to employees during downtime. We want the labor inspectorate to enlighten the dockers through the trade union, that people should not agree to such holidays, "concludes Vadim Moskvichev.