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The Far East remains the raw material periphery of the country
Rostislav TurovskyDoctor of Political Sciences, Professor of HSE, Scientific Editor East Russia
Such a model is beneficial to federal subjects and is in their interests. But its major drawback is the local nature of the projects. New deposits do not necessarily give impetus to the development of regions and municipalities, do not always mean an increase in tax payments and the creation of a large number of jobs. The state's investments in transport and energy infrastructure through FTP are often associated with the same projects (it is typical that new editions of the Far Eastern FTP have increased transportation costs, whereas previously the program was oriented towards housing and public utilities). The same APEC summit absorbed the largest part of the old FTP, being an "island" project that passed "by" residents even Vladivostok, not to mention the whole region. As a result, for the main part of the territory of the Far East and its population there is still no visible effect.
Plus, of course, the rejection of the model 1990-ies, when Russia was counting on production sharing agreements, which would not bring her almost no benefits. Now, all the same, direct foreign investments are coming to the regions. The Sakhalin experience of regional growth, too, undoubtedly attracts. But he showed another: even, it would seem, very profitable commodity projects in the fuel and energy sector are implemented extremely slowly, it takes about 10-15 years. Now in Russia everywhere extend the deadlines for the implementation of new projects, and the same fate is clearly waiting for Far Eastern projects, the launch of which may not last for one decade, but in many cases will not happen at all. Indicative and actual failure of the mega-project of development of South Yakutia, which assumed at least some kind of complex development of the territory, but just because of this was unrealistic.
The desire to cope with domestic and foreign policy challenges, as well as the emergence of new resources in the state contributed to 2000-2002. the beginning of a long series of managerial and financial-economic experiments. From that time to the present, the problem begins to be different. Resources and the desire to engage the Far East from the federal center is. But there are too many managerial and near-state commercial structures fighting among themselves for influence and financial flows, and this diversity, on the one hand, allows to satisfy the interests of various groups of influence in the current regime, but, on the other hand, makes decision-making difficult. The Far East is favored by the federal center and has received a new management regime, but so far remains the raw material periphery of the country and the sum of not-so-numerous local projects. His withdrawal from the unstable state in the future depends on reducing the level of managerial contradictions and diversifying the Far Eastern economy.