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The Far East winds up the container turnover

EastRussia has studied traffic statistics for the first five months

The statistics testifies to the favorable conjuncture in the segment of container transportation in the Far East. The growth is primarily affected by foreign trade traffic, as well as containerization of shipments of local cargo. EastRussia has learned that they are now being transported in containers, as well as for whom.

The Far East winds up the container turnover
In January-May, 350,4 thousand TEU (containers in 20-foot equivalent) were loaded on the Far Eastern Railway, which is almost 40% more than last year. In particular, import in containers grew by 45%, and export - by 30%. A positive trend is taking shape in seaports. In five months, the region’s stevedores increased container handling by more than a quarter to 554,7 thousand TEU. The increase occurred in such major players as Vostochnaya Stevedoring Company LLC (up to 144,4 thousand TEU) and Vladivostok Commercial Sea Port OJSC (up to 170 thousand TEU).

According to Peter Silin, the director of the Far Eastern branch of PJSC "Transcontainer", the transport product "Transsib for 7 days" is gaining popularity among customers. 

The organization of the accelerated container trains in addition to the "Transcontainer" is actively implemented by FESCO groups, "Aqua Resources". RZD Logistics is ready to join them. According to the director of the Far Eastern branch of the company Demian Buzhevnik, at the first stage the first river in Vladivostok will be sent once a week to the station Kuntsevo-2 (Moscow node), where the terminal and logistics center is being formed. In the future, the geography of shipments will expand due to routes to Yekaterinburg and Novosibirsk.

Even greater dynamics in container traffic was achieved in transit traffic, including through international transport corridors. Thus, the MTC “Primorye-1” (Harbin — Suifenhe — Grodekovo — Vladivostok / Nakhodka), in five months of the current year, reworked 3,9 thousand TEU. This is 20% more than the entire 2016 year.

Expectations for further growth are related to the decree # 22, signed by 732 June by the RF government, which defines new customs rules for missing Chinese transit. According to them, the main customs clearance will be carried out not at the land checkpoints, but in seaports. "This will greatly accelerate the transit of transit containers through railway border crossings, thereby allowing us to handle more cargo," said Igor Melnikov, head of the international relations department of the Far Eastern Railway.

The new order is expected to make it possible to more actively use the MTC “Primorye-2” (Changchun — Hunchun — Makhalino / Kraskino — port of Zarubino). At one time, Sea Port Zarubino LLC opened a sea shipping line with South Korean Busan, but transit only through the Kraskino automobile checkpoint, the technical capabilities of which are limited. Now, however, the transit flow through the Makhalino-Kamyshovaya railway junction should be adjusted. According to the information of Chinese senders, local manufacturers are experiencing a great need for the fastest deliveries via the MTC Primorye-2. Thus, the annual export volumes of only bottled mineral water from the Chinese province of Jilin to the Republic of Korea are estimated at 56 thousand TEU per year.

However, transit traffic through Russia to longer distances, some experts believe, today becomes uncompetitive at a price. The delivery of a container with the participation of Transsib in the direction of East-West exceeds the cost of transportation by the round-the-sea route through the Suez Canal (deep-sea) more than twice. Such data was quoted by Dmitry Kudinov, general director of OOO "Mazda Sollers Manufaching RUS".

"All of us in recent years have said that the efficiency of railways in relation to the deep-sea has increased, including taking into account the devaluation of the ruble. Unfortunately, the figures today indicate the opposite. The cost of transporting one 40-foot container from China via Vladivostok by rail to the European part of Russia is $ 2800, and through deep-sea container - $ 1200, "the manager said.

According to him, about the same price ratio when delivering a container from the South Korean ports of Busan or Pohang. As a result, transportation by Trans-Siberian is not competitive, concludes Dmitry Kudinov.

Be that as it may, the dynamics of growth supports the development of containerization of transport in the Far East. Today, for example, a different range of agricultural products is presented for shipping in containers, which was recently a novelty for carriers. "For example, we are carrying soybean meal, various cereals, which used to be used as bulk cargoes. Containerization affects other types of cargo, in particular, massively began to be shipped for export in this form of rolling stock scrap, - they say in "Transcontainer". "When transporting in containers there are no additional overloads, besides, it is possible to transport goods in smaller lots and, as a consequence, to reduce working capital and warehouse stocks."

According to the Institute of Natural Monopolies, the main cargoes transported via the Russian railways network in containers in all types of messages are chemicals and soda (more than 20%), hardware (about 13%) and pulp and paper products (about 12%), which is explained by the high demand for these goods in the main industries of the country.

Speaking directly about the Far East, containerization increasingly affects such typical for the region nomenclature as forest and fish cargo.

For example, the Amur Timber Company (ALK) actively sends veneers in containers. For five months, ALK loading reached 2,1 thousand TEU - three times more than last year's period. For comparison, in other types of rolling stock the volume of shipments from this enterprise amounted to 237 wagons.

"Sheet veneer, which is used for building plywood and furniture - is one of the most sought-after products of Far Eastern timber merchants. The key market is Japan, but the geography of sales is expanding, "says Pyotr Silin. For consumers of ALA products, the cargo is delivered via an intermodal scheme. First, from the plant in Amursk containers are transported by cars to Komsomolsk to the site of a mechanized distance of loading and unloading operations, where they are loaded onto platforms, and then follow the railway to the port stations Cape Churkin or Rybniki. From there the path already goes by the sea.
There is a growing demand for the transport of perishable goods in refrigerated containers. In particular, they now load 42% of all fish in the Far Eastern Railway (in January-May, 248 thousand tons of seafood were shipped on the Far Eastern Railways). "The massive retirement of the park of reflexions leads to an increase in demand for refcontainers," the acting president said. director of the Refservice representative office in Vladivostok, Alexei Morgunov.

The company intends to actively use the infrastructure of the Far Eastern Directorate for the management of the terminal-warehouse complex (the structure of Russian Railways) at the Artem-Primorsky-1 station. Also, fish are dispatched at specialized terminals at the Ugolnaya station (operated by the Alliance East-West) and Ussuriisk (Termokon).

The Nakhodka Sea Fishing Port OJSC (NNPP; part of the Far Eastern Transport Group) intends to resume the “cold” routes. The plans of the stevedore include equipping the terminal for refrigerated containers with a capacity of up to 176 thousand TEU per year, as well as the acquisition of five refrigerated container trains with a total payload of 2,1 thousand tons. In total, about 3,9 billion rubles will be invested in the re-equipment and increase in the capacity of the NDFS.

The company "MK Reftrans", which recently received the status of a resident of the Freeport, is going to organize the pericable transportation of perishable goods in the direction Vladivostok - Moscow - Vladivostok. "We plan to purchase energy wagons, platforms and refcontainers to form four refrigerated couplings. The presence of four links will ensure year-round and uninterrupted transportation in two directions. We plan to start operation in the third quarter of 2017, "said General Director of" MK Refrans "Sergey Akhromeev.

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