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The Far Eastern salmon sailed to the West
According to the published statistics, Russia exports more fish than imports
Annual indicators of the volume of fish catch in Russia allow more than compensate for the shortage of products that can result from the long-term use of sanctions. According to the published statistics, Russia exports more fish than it imports.
In total, the catch is in the lead of the Kamchatka Territory, traditionally showing the best results in the country. Since 2008, the region has implemented a number of investment projects aimed at the development of the fishing industry, which has made it possible to significantly increase the volumes of bioresources produced over several years.
Vladimir Galitsyn, Minister of Fisheries of the Kamchatka Territory, notes: “Last year’s result, 874 thousand tons of aquatic bioresources (quotas and quotas), is a very high figure, the best in the country. Let me remind you that in 2013, the volume of production fell in Russia as a whole for various reasons. For example, there are no Pacific salmon approaches that have been with us for the last 4 – 5 years. In 2008, Kamchatka showed a catch of almost 840 thousand tons, and then 933 thousand tons, 1017 thousand tons, 1048 thousand tons - the peak was in 2011 – 2012. This is the time when Kamchatka fishermen actually approached the results of the work of the Soviet-era fishery complex. And this is impressive, although the main pressure of domestic fisheries is now on Russian resources in the territorial sea, internal sea waters and the exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation, whereas in the Soviet past a significant part of the resources was harvested by our fishermen outside the economic zone of the USSR. And this niche is not yet available to us. ”
Since 2008, 16 of modern fish processing enterprises, whose products are in great demand, was built on the territory of the Kamchatka Territory. Over the past 6 years, 2,7 billion rubles have been invested in the coastal fishing industry. However, according to experts, in fact, the amount of investment is much higher. The result of public and private support was the creation of an additional 3,5 thousand tons of finished products daily, 30 thousand tons of refrigeration capacity were introduced, and 2,5 thousand new jobs appeared in the industry.
In the same vein, the President of the Association of Fishermen of Sakhalin Dmitry Matveyev expresses himself: “Now retailers will be forced to pay attention to products from Russian fishermen, including our salmon. Such a “change of tastes” will only benefit the consumer, because it is a question of wild, ecologically clean fish from the Far Eastern seas. The processors of domestic raw materials will also receive a push. ”
However, despite such optimistic forecasts of officials, the Far Eastern fish to the stores in the European part of Russia are still "floating and swimming" - in the path of treasured salmon there are still many barriers and barriers, which are difficult to overcome without another increase in cost. And without that the high cost of the product inevitably increases after transportation. Transporting fish products by air is very expensive, and the Northern Sea Route, the use of which would solve all the problems, is still difficult to access and therefore no less expensive.
Another problem is sanitary norms established by the Rosselkhoznadzor: fishermen call administrative barriers the main obstacle to the promotion of their products to the mass consumer in the domestic market. "While imports are made in two hours with the necessary papers, Russian fish products, in the presence of documents, are also subjected to total laboratory tests for a fee. It turns out two hours against two weeks of waiting - the account is clearly not in favor of Russian fish. In the conditions of sanctions, it is necessary to cancel the veterinary and accompanying documents for catches taken in Russian sea waters. Then lovers of artificially grown salmon will have a real chance to evaluate wild Far Eastern fish, "said Eduard Klimov, chairman of the board of directors of the media holding Fishnews.
However, for the fish industry of the Far Eastern region, this problem is not the main one - industrialists have a good demand for their goods both within the region and beyond. That is why, after the introduction of sanctions, the Ministry of Agriculture first began to think about replacing some foreign suppliers with others. There is no shortage of food in the department. According to the head of the ministry, Nikolai Fyodorov, providing the population with fish and aquatic bioresources is at the level of the “near-threshold values” of the Food Security Doctrine.
In general, the expert community sees positive prospects in the measures taken. Sanctions were introduced for a year, and during this time the Far Eastern fish has every chance to gain a foothold on the shelves of Russian stores.
“We have a large surplus in fish, the question is in logistics. Frequently, it was easier and cheaper for retailers and processors to bring goods to the western part of the country from Norway and Iceland than to draw from the Far East, despite the fact that our products are objectively better in consumer properties, agrees Anton Sukhorukikh, general director of Engineering & Development Company. –Today, using mechanisms, including non-tariff regulation (for example, phytosanitary and other measures), to “non-banned” foreign products and at the same time having worked out logistics, you can take our salmon, pollock, herring, and not only freezing, but also processed products, to the central regions. And everyone will benefit from it. We will be able to make the domestic market quite competitive in a relatively short time and continue to use this advantage. ”