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Far Eastern scallop and trepang brought to the Internet
The introduction of a new online service for investors in aquaculture will increase the investment attractiveness of this industry for both Russian and foreign fish companies
The Far East Development Fund (FEFD) presented at the Eastern Economic Forum a new online service for investors in aquaculture, developed on behalf of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin to develop the regional fish-breeding industry. As Deputy Prime Minister Yuriy Trutnev stated earlier, the marine aquatory of the Far Eastern fisheries basin, accessible to aquaculture, will be open to investors and all areas where investors are interested in the development of aquaculture will be handed over to them for use within the next three years.
According to the Director General of the FDCA, Aleksei Chekunkov, for the first time the information on the water areas put up by the Russian Fishery Agency has been digitized and transferred to the map.
The new service allows investors to access the water areas in fact in the online store mode and see in real time the situation with available sites for aquaculture.
The procedure for the formation and distribution of plots is radically changed - it has become simple and understandable. If earlier investors spent on collecting documents and preparing for obtaining rights to use a sea area up to 180 days, came to Moscow to participate in a face-to-face auction, now the process will take no more than 70 days (of which the procedure of forming a site will take no more than 10 days).
The investor can, without leaving the office and using the Internet service, select a site, apply for the formation of a site in Rosrybolovstvo and participate in an electronic auction to obtain the right to conclude a contract for the use of the site. In case of victory at the auction, a contract for the use of the fish farm is concluded.
The electronic application form and participation in the electronic auction is available to Russian legal entities, including foreign participants, and individual entrepreneurs, is based on authentication mechanisms using a qualified electronic digital signature (EDS) and in the presence of a document on the registration of a legal entity on electronic trading site.
Aquaculture is considered one of the most promising areas of development of the fishing industry. World consumption of fish and seafood is growing. At the same time, the catch of fish and seafood in the world's oceans reached the limit. Exhaustion of world ocean resources will lead to increased demand for aquaculture. According to experts' forecasts, by the year of 2050 the volume of aquaculture production in the world will grow by 2 times and will amount to 66 million tons.
In the Far East, more than 70% of mariculture production comes from the Far Eastern sea cucumber and scallop. Due to the good ecology and the favorable location of the region relative to the world's largest consumers, the products of local companies are in high demand in China, Japan, and South Korea. The sub-sector of salmon farming has good prospects, the consumption of which is steadily growing in our country. However, the volume of production of fish products is relatively small. Today, only 20 thousand hectares or 1% of the Far Eastern sea area is provided for use for mariculture. Given that the free areas of the seas of the Far Eastern fishery basin, suitable for mariculture, are measured in tens of thousands of square kilometers, and natural conditions allow growing not only sea cucumbers and scallops, but also oysters, mussels, sea urchins, and seaweed.
The FRDV is confident that changing the rules of the game on the market, dismantling cumbersome bureaucratic procedures, introducing modern technologies will allow the Far East to launch promising water areas into economic circulation, “saturate” the domestic market with fish products and take a worthy place in the global aquaculture market.