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Far East - no pairs
Why is RusHydro ready to introduce hydroelectric power stations in the Amur region, but is slow to introduce five other thermal power plants
To build at the wrong time in Russia does not always mean to do wrong, even if funding is provided by a special presidential decree from the federal budget. For the fifth year already, the state holding RusHydro has mastered 50 billion rubles allocated by order of Vladimir Putin in 2012 for four large generating facilities in the DFO. Since the same time, the construction of a heat and power plant in Vladivostok has been dragging on. Everything is for the sake of replacing old capacities, and ultimately, improving the efficiency of the economy. The reasons for the constant increase in the cost of projects and their shift in timeframes to the "right", which are already frankly annoying to both the Accounts Chamber and federal officials, were studied by EastRussia.
This summer, JSC RusHydro should put into operation one of its main facilities in the Far East - the grandiose Nizhne-Bureyskaya HPP at 320 MW, the construction history of which stretches from August of the year 2010. The station is almost ready: the first two units have been tested at "idle" in May, the third - 22 July, the fourth - mounted at full speed. In the middle of July, the reservoir began to fill up to a normal level of 128 m (because of the lack of permission for this hydroelectric power station was not put into operation last year). By early August, in the Amur region, they say, they are waiting for President Vladimir Putin, who should give a "start". Energy from HPP will flow into the most important infrastructure projects: to the Elginsky coal mine, to the second stage of the ESPO oil pipeline, to the completed spaceport Vostochny.
Against this background, it's even awkward to recall that RusHydro has at least four large projects in the Far East that have the official status of "priority", and one project in Vladivostok that does not have such status, but it looks equivalent. All of their PAO and its "daughter" companies also began to implement in 2010-2011 years.
This is, recall, the CHP in Sovetskaya Gavan (120 MW), which is being built to replace the outgoing capacities of the Mayskaya GRES and "to meet the growing electricity demand of the Vanino-Sovgavan site". This is the first stage of Sakhalinskaya GRES-2 (120 MW), which should solve the problem of substituting the Sakhalinskaya GRES, and improve the efficiency of the Sakhalin energy system. This is the first stage of the Yakutsk SDPP-2 (193 MW) to replace the capacity of the outgoing Yakutsk SDPP. This is the second phase of Blagoveshchenskaya CHP (120 MW), the construction of which is "covering the deficit and meeting the long-term demand for thermal energy, improving the reliability of electricity supply and covering the uneven part of the schedule for the electric load of the IPS East." Finally, this is the Vostochnaya CHPP on the site of the central steam-water boiler in Vladivostok (139,5 MW).
EastRussia Help. 66,84% of ordinary shares of PJSC RusHydro is owned by the Federal Property Agency. RusHydro, in turn, belongs to 84,39% of RAO ES of the East. The share of the RusHydro group last year was 12,9% of Russia's generated electricity and 15,9% of installed capacity. According to the annual report of RusHydro, in 2014 the investment program of the holding was 105,4 billion rubles. (Including 22,2 billion rubles under the control of RAO "ES of the East"), in 2015 - 104,7 billion rubles. (21 billion rubles), in 2016-m - 78,25 billion rubles. (At RAO "ES of the East" had 21,4 billion rubles.) The capitalization of PJSC RusHydro at the end of 2016 is 356,16 billion rubles. The net profit of the group for 2016 year is 39,7 billion rubles.
SHIFT BY MEGAVATHNOGO LINE
The construction of four Far Eastern priority energy facilities is carried out by the same name JSC, to 100% owned by RusHydro. For the purpose of construction, the federal budget allocated "RusHydro" in 2012 50 billion rubles. - through the purchase of additional shares of the company. Financing was formalized in the form of contracts for the provision of budgetary investments - one for each object. The objects in Blagoveshchensk and Yakutsk were to be commissioned in 2015 year, in Sovetskaya Gavan, Vladivostok and Sakhalin in 2016.
However, the deadline for delivery of the projects of RusHydro had to be postponed, and more than once. As explained many times in the company, for various reasons: due to problems with contractors, uncertainties with imported equipment, complex construction conditions, the need to build new systems for monitoring the use of funds, and so on. The list of problems of any large construction, of course, is very large.
Also, RusHydro had to adjust the cost of work, because at the time of the decision to allocate state funding for design and estimate documentation for facilities that passed the Glavgosexpertiza (that is, officially approved and suitable for further implementation) simply did not exist. The scale of deviations for projects in the end turned out to be considerable. For example, the marginal cost of building the second stage of CHP in Blagoveshchensk in 2013 prices of the year amounted to 8,24 billion rubles. - it was approved by the FAU Glavgosekspertiza. But in 2015 the amount was adjusted - another plus 1,21 billion rubles. And so - for all objects. So far, the cost of four stations has grown by 38,3% - to 88 billion rubles.
By the way, the new units of the Blagoveschenskaya TPP are still the only completed "RusHydro" facility of four "priority" ones. However, the latter did not work, but we will return to this later.
UNSPECIFIED TURNS ON INTEREST
As a result of last year, RusHydro reported about a decrease in the amount of financing by 14,6% of the planned investment program, or by 17,17 billion rubles. Four Far Eastern projects were to spend 20,86 billion rubles, and in fact spent only 12,48 billion rubles. - the program was not executed even on 60%.
"The change in financing schedules was carried out due to the postponement of the completion of the projects' implementation to the right, namely: Yakutskaya GRES-2 (1-th line) - from 2017 to 2018 year, Sakhalinskaya GRES-2 (1-turn) - from 2017 to 2018 year, CHP in the city of Sovetskaya Gavan - from 2017 to 2019 year, Blagoveshchenskaya CHPP - from 2016 to 2017 year ", reads the annual report of the RusHydro group approved in May this year.
"On the construction of the GTU-CHP in the city of Vladivostok on the site of the Central Steam-Water Boiler, the design documentation has been adjusted to change the total cost of construction, and the project implementation period has been postponed from 2016 to 2018 year", - can be read in the same document a little further on.
EastRussia Help. The appendices to the annual report of RusHydro explains that the company has mastered a little more than 8 billion rubles for priority projects in the Far East over the past year. At CHP in the city of Sovetskaya Gavan - 334,3 million rubles, Sakhalinskaya GRES-2 - 2 572,0 million rubles, Yakutskaya GRES-2 - 3 818,0 million rubles, Blagoveshchenskaya CHP - 1 301,4 million rubles. The balance of budgetary allocations - 10 005,9 million rubles, including for the further construction of heat generation facilities in the Far East - 9 106,6 million rubles, PJSC reported to shareholders.
The reasons for the deviation from the deadlines in the company are again explained by the delays of third-party organizations.
On the example of the Yakutsk SDPP-2: the general designer of JSC "Institute Teploenergoproekt" tore down the terms of development of working documentation, and the general contractor JSC "TEK Mosenergo" - for more than 10 months the terms of the main works. The equipment came later for four months, the main heating network of OJSC "GlobalElectroService" was built more than 8 months later than projected, complain to RusHydro. At Sakhalinskaya GRES-2 - its own set of reasons: the need to adjust project solutions as a result of replacing the producer of steam turbines under the import substitution program (which caused a delay of up to 6 months); The delay in the development of working documentation by the general contractor of TEK Mosenergo (over 12 months); ineffective organization of work execution by the general contractor (the peculiarities of construction on the island of Sakhalin are not taken into account); termination by the general contractor of the contract with the subcontractor of OJSC GlobalElectroService for a significant amount of work (lagging up to 4 months). At the TPP in Sovetskaya Gavan - replacement by the customer of the project organization in connection with the bankruptcy of JSC "Siberian ENTs" (Group E4) at JSC "Lonas Technology" (lagging up to 6 months); lack of proper organization of work performance by the general contractor (lagging more than 12 months); The financial inconsistency of the general contractor, the existence of a shortage of cash for making mutual settlements with subcontractors and equipment suppliers. According to Blagoveshchenskaya CHPP: "deferred payment was not paid for the second stage".
Thus, officially in the investment program "RusHydro" for the current year were:
- commissioning of the first stage of the Yakutsk State District Power Station-2 and related infrastructure (trunk heating networks, sewage and water supply systems, electrical power supply networks, access roads),
- off-site infrastructure of Sakhalinskaya GRES-2 (electric power delivery scheme, ash and slag removal system, access roads),
- railway access roads to the CHP in Sovetskaya Gavan.
Everything would be fine, but how does the state relate to such backlogs?
RusHydro is a state-owned company, and it builds on the state funds in the Far East. Therefore, the Accounting Chamber checks the construction of priority objects on a quarterly basis on behalf of the State Duma.
The last such test Was held at the end of April 2017 year, And her conclusions are disappointing. "The commitments made by RusHydro within the framework of the agreement on the provision of budgetary investments, regarding the timing of commissioning of energy facilities are not being implemented," the JV auditors state. The Chamber invited the government of the Russian Federation "to instruct the Ministry of Energy of Russia to ensure control over transferring to the federal budget revenue penalties for failure to fulfill RusHydro's obligations for commissioning."
Penalty, as it turns out from the annexes to the annual accounts of RusHydro, may prove to be very solid. Using the example of the terms of the agreement for the same Blagoveshchenskaya CHP plant, it is 500 thousand rubles for each day of delay in the date of the planned commissioning period. Do not forget that the company, having received budgetary investments, took upon itself "an unconditional commitment to achieve performance indicators." The coefficient of financial stability of RusHydro should be no less than or equal to 1,5, the current liquidity indicator is more than 1,5, the debt load indicator is less than or equal to 5, the return on equity is more or equal to 1,5%. The amount of penalties is 1% of the amount of allocated funds.
Nevertheless, the decision to collect fines from RusHydro has not yet been made, and not the fact that it will be accepted. But what turns into a hitch in the process of construction for the total budget of four projects, it is understandable. Unused funds are legally placed by the company on deposits, receiving income from them. The income of RusHydro is then obliged to be directed to the construction (another source of funding is the funds from reimbursement of VAT amounts from the federal budget). Only for 2013-2015 years, income from deposits, according to the Accounting Chamber, amounted to 12,8 billion rubles.
At 1 January 2016 on deposits of RusHydro and its subsidiaries was 17,1 billion rubles. - 34,2% of the investments received for construction. As of 31 December 2016 year of 50 billion rubles. for the construction was sent 40,9 billion rubles., 9,1 billion rubles. - is still placed on deposits, has calculated the joint venture. The audit report to the annual accounts of RusHydro states that 31 December 2016 year the company remained out of funds for Far Eastern projects 4 075 million rubles. Short-term deposits in Sberbank with maturity dates from 23 January to 1 March 2017. Another 899 million rubles. was placed on the accounts of the UFC in Moscow. Over the past year, the company, according to the annual balance sheet under RAS, earned "interest receivable" amounting to 8,77 billion rubles.
VICE-PREMIER AND PAR
The JV made another interesting conclusion: it turns out that the DFO regions themselves «are not ready to receive power from the construction of power facilities. " So, as a result of the commissioning of the second stage of Blagoveshchenskaya CHP in 2016, its thermal capacity was increased by 188 Gcal / h. "At the same time, the action plan developed by the Government of the Amur Region provides for an increase in the consumption of heat energy in the period up to 2020 by only 29 Gcal / hour. Also, the government of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is slowly implementing measures to receive power from the construction of the Yakut state district power station-2, "the auditors said.
But the federal authorities still insist: construction should be accelerated.
Recently, Deputy Prime Minister Yury Trutnev and Oblast Governor Oleg Kozhemyako visited the site for the construction of the Sakhalin SRPS-2. The scale of construction is impressive - on the territory near the village of Ilinskoye with an area of 190 hectares, which is still empty for a few years, numerous buildings have already grown, about 1300 people and 80 units are employed in the construction. It would seem that everything is in order: inside the main building, the installation of two steam boilers (each for 230 t steam per hour) and two 60-megawatt turbine units is being completed, various equipment is being installed, and an out-of-site infrastructure is under construction. At 150 m in height the seamless chimney has directed - it was erected on technology of continuous concrete pouring during all 48 days.
Arrived at the construction site of Yuri Trutnev, however, not interested in the picture, and the deadline for delivery of the object. Deputy general director for capital construction of RusHydro, Nikolai Karpukhin, explained to the official that there were several reasons for postponing the terms. According to him, the project was adjusted and re-passed Glavgosexpertiza in connection with the import substitution policy - instead of foreign equipment it was decided to purchase the domestic one. Contractors were brought down - one of the companies went bankrupt without fulfilling its promises. The time was lost because of the complicated schemes of delivery of special equipment and building materials, the shortage of qualified personnel on the spot - heat mechanics and commissioners - affected.
However, Nikolai Karpukhin expressed confidence - the power plant will work in 2018 year. "In November we leave for the first test of the station at idle. The start-up boiler-house starts working. And in winter, the main start-up and adjustment operations will be carried out, "he said.
"You will not be able to delay the commissioning of the station for the second time," the Russian Deputy Prime Minister warned. - Therefore, be prepared to ensure that the graphics are strictly maintained. In the Far East, it has already become a bad tradition not to work on time. With such a vicious practice, we will fight in all possible ways. "
Meanwhile, the positive conclusion of Glavgosexpertiza on the technical part of the adjusted project was received by JSC Sakhalin GRES-2 only in the first half of July. Initially, for the new station was provided for the use of two units complete with generators manufactured by Siemens. Then, in the light of the policy of import substitution, they were replaced by domestic counterparts. Turbines for Sakhalin GRES-2 were manufactured by Ural Turbine Plant CJSC, generators by NPO Elsib from Novosibirsk. A positive conclusion on the adjustment of the estimated cost of the project is only planned to be received - by September.
So how much will Sakhalinskaya GRES-2 cost - another question. How much will RAO "ES of the East" cost off-site infrastructure of GRES-2, it became clear last year: a construction loan of 10,29 billion rubles. until 2028 the company was provided by Sberbank.