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What do we sow and what shall we reap?
As the situation develops in the agriculture of Primorye, the editorial staff of EastRussia
It has always been thought that developing agriculture in Primorye is very difficult - there is a peculiar relief and a capricious climate, because of which little is growing on the coastal land. However, experts say that in recent years this industry has begun to develop, and food sanctions against some products of European countries have added an additional incentive to it.
Despite the weather
The spring sowing campaign in Primorye was to start in early April, but the weather prevented it. Too, the snowy winter overwhelmed the soils, and the farmers had to go out to the field a week later; It was assumed that the lag in the sowing of the early cereals in comparison with the previous years would be 5-10 days. While nature did not allow to enter the field, farmers were actively preparing for sowing.
"The readiness of the equipment is 95%, the supply of fuels and lubricants - 100%," said the director of the Department of Food and Agriculture of the Territory Denis Bochkarev. - The farmers of the Krai are provided with seeds of early grain crops in full. For comparison, last year the security was 75% of the demand. Mineral fertilizers purchased 21 thousand tons. Our farmers are fully prepared for sowing. "
In the south of Primorye, in the middle of April, early grain and annual grasses were already sowing and sowed a total of 735 hectares of wheat, 252 hectare of barley, 15 hectares of oats and 300 hectares of annual grasses. Total planned to sow 44 thousand hectares of early grain crops.
The total area for crops in Primorye this year is 440 thousand hectares - 5% more than in 2014 year. For the spring sowing campaign, agricultural enterprises and farmers from the regional and federal budgets were allocated about 360 million rubles this year.
What do we sow?
One of the largest agricultural producers in Primorye is the agro-industrial group "Armada". Last year, she cultivated about 50 thousand hectares of land in the region, and the results exceeded expectations. 78 centners of corn per hectare in the Frontier region on the company's lands, this is a record for the edge, and soybean yield was 21,4 centners per hectare. In the future, the company intends to increase production volumes.
"The growth rates of the agro-industrial complex of Primorsky Krai in recent years are impressive. At the same time, we have not yet used all our potential, "Vasily Levchenko, director of the agro group" Armada ", commented. "Today, we have all the opportunities to implement interesting large projects in the agro-industrial sphere for the benefit of our region and our country."
In 2015, the agro group plans to launch a one-of-a-kind complex for processing soy and producing mixed fodder. This project will be infrastructural not only for Primorye, but also neighboring regions, which will be able to process their soybeans and ready-made products to the domestic and foreign markets. Thanks to the introduction of the porto franco regime in Vladivostok, the sale of finished products to the APR countries will receive new promising directions.
“This year, we are processing 27 thousand tons of grain,” said the company's manager, Andrei Korotkov. - We sow ourselves, we recycle ourselves. Consumers - domestic market companies - Russian enterprises. In addition, our products are exported to the APR countries. ”
"The APR is one of the most promising markets for our products. Today, the list of our export program presents raw materials, but in the near future we will sell finished products. This will have a positive impact not only on business, but also on the whole agrarian sector of Primorye. Now they often talk about sanctions and their impact on agriculture, on the growth of the dollar, but I would like to emphasize that in the short term this is definitely a positive trend for our manufacturer, whose product is on the market of the APR. An expensive dollar will help to get additional funds that will be spent on "deepening" the production process and on business infrastructure projects, "Vera Lomonosova, financial director of the agro-industrial group" Armada ", said.
Last year, thanks to all measures taken for the development of agriculture in Primorye, 410 thousand hectares of land were planted, 208,7 thousand of which were soybean. It was collected 270 thousand tons of soy, that is 1,6 times more than in 2013 year, 275 thousand tons of grain (30% more than in the previous year), and 168 thousand tons of vegetables and 401 thousand tons of potatoes .
However, the region still depends on imported products.
"Primorye still can not fully meet the population's need for meat products," said the director of the Department of Agriculture and Food of Primorsky Territory Denis Bochkarev. - In the meat processing industry, 90% of imported raw materials is used. The demand for meat raw materials for food and processing industry enterprises in Primorsky Krai is about 70 thousand tons. Of these, 30-35 thousand tons of pork are used for processing, 13-17 thousand tons of beef and the same number of birds. "
About 70% of meat, which is processed in Primorye, is imported. Prior to the introduction of food sanctions, he was driven mainly from the USA, Canada, Germany, Denmark, Australia, Spain, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Holland, Belgium, Poland. Now the enterprises had to reorient themselves to the supply of raw materials from Latin America, India, Vietnam, Thailand and from Russian producers.
In order to remove the region's dependence on imported raw materials, it is planned to increase pork production volumes in Xinxx in three years and start exporting it to the regions of Russia and the Asia-Pacific region. It is expected that due to this it will also be possible to reduce the cost of meat in the regional shops.