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Man and ship

Effective operation of the fishing industry is hampered by negligent officials and high administrative barriers, EastRussia special correspondent

Man and ship

During his visit to Vladivostok, Presidential Plenipotentiary to the Far Eastern Federal District Yury Trutnev held a meeting on the development of the fishing industry. The Deputy Chairman of the Government assessed the current work of the industry as inefficient and called for dismissing those who sabotage the tasks set by the country's leadership in developing the fisheries sector. Analysts with the diagnosis of the deputy chairman agree and believe that such a reconnaissance will benefit the industry.

At the table

The floating base "Vsevolod Sibirtsev", moored in the fishing port of Vladivostok, became a meeting place for the deputy chairman of the government and the leaders of the largest fishing associations and companies, government departments and regional leaders. According to the agenda of the meeting, the participants were supposed to discuss the results of the industry's work in 2014, the implementation of the orders of the President of the Russian Federation, as well as issues related to the principles of allocating quotas and creating a fish cluster in the Primorsky Territory.

Yuri Trutnev began the meeting immediately with unflattering assessments. “We are ranked 3rd in terms of exports in the world, 6th in terms of catch, and only 15th in terms of export value and 23rd in terms of specific value of export supplies. Thus, by catching a lot of fish, we do not know how to sell it, we do not know how to create surplus value. Since 2007, the volume of tax revenues has decreased by 1,5 times, ”said the Deputy Prime Minister. And according to the data of the Federal Tax Service, which was announced by Trutnev, the drop in federal budget revenues due to VAT refunds and preferential rates for catching aquatic biological resources amount to 8,6 billion rubles annually. “In general, each year due to the lack of added value due to the low degree of fish processing, construction and modernization of the fishing fleet at foreign shipyards, the state, according to expert estimates, loses about 30 billion rubles,” he said.

Trutnev outlined the main problems of the industry, among which high administrative barriers and weak work on fulfilling the instructions of the head of state to increase the efficiency of catch quotas caused the greatest criticism of the deputy chairman.

“All the deadlines for fulfilling the instructions of the President and the Prime Minister in the main areas have been disrupted. The legislative framework for the law on aquaculture has not been prepared, foreign states continue to be allocated quotas, despite the fact that they have not fulfilled their obligations to build processing facilities, the fleet is worn out by 79%, the berths located in the department of "National Fishery" are collapsed, border guards consider holds on ships instead of fighting poaching, ”said Trutnev. He added that 58 of 39 orders have not been implemented. Moreover, the main ones are the most difficult.

“We can confer every week, but if this is no use, then, frankly, we just need to change the composition of the participants. Those who fail, just have to leave, engage in another activity. And those who are able should come, ”he said. And he added, addressing the head of the Federal Agency for Fishery Ilya Shestakov: “We need a step-by-step plan. What and when exactly will be performed. And responsible. And fire those who don't. Drive them away! "

Separately, Trutnev dwelled on the topic of administrative barriers, the work of the Rosselkhoznadzor and the border agency. “We have already spoken at previous meetings on the topic of administrative barriers in the industry, on how the Rosselkhoznadzor works. I must say that a movement has begun in this regard, - said the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation. - True, this work is carried out mainly by the efforts of the presidential administration (Recall that the problems in the field of veterinary registration of fish were repeatedly considered at the meetings of the working group, which is headed by the assistant to the President of the Russian Federation - the head of the Control Department of the President of the Russian Federation Konstantin Chuichenko, recently the Head of State Vladimir Putin gave a number of instructions in this area - comment of the author). "

There are a lot, according to the deputy chairman, there are questions about the work of border guards. “At the previous meeting in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, we gathered fishermen, they put acts on the table where the ship was detained for four hours. The act says: one deck, one hold. What, the ship had to be stopped for 4 hours to figure out how many decks it has? - said the Deputy Prime Minister. And this at a time when the issue of illegal supplies of Russian fish products to the APR countries remains open, Trutnev emphasized. According to him, the discrepancy in customs statistics with the Asia-Pacific countries is about $ 800 million. The Deputy Chairman of the Government set the task very clear: "We must somehow work effectively with poaching, while creating a minimum of administrative barriers, creating conditions for the normal operation of the industry."

In more detail, Trutnev dwelled on the activities of FSUE "Natsrybresurs" (are engaged in servicing the vessels of the fishing fleet in the fishing terminals of seaports, hydraulic structures and vessels of the port fleet assigned to the enterprise - author's note), whose work he had already sharply criticized during the previous meeting in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. “At the last meeting, I said that they are an unnecessary organization for the state. Because its functions can be performed by other departments. I was mistaken, - said Trutnev and, after a pause, continued, - this is a harmful organization. Passing the piers, which are assigned to the Federal State Unitary Enterprise and others in private hands, I can say that this is heaven and earth. Some are littered with scrap metal, while others are working. “Natsrybresurs” collects 200 million each year, and does not invest anything ”.

Behind the door

The journalists were allowed only for opening remarks, the meeting continued behind closed doors.

According to the meeting participants, at the meeting Trutnev continued to criticize the existing system of distribution of fishing limits. In particular, he did not agree with the argument about investment stability, which was cited by the Deputy Minister of Agriculture - the head of the Federal Agency for Fishery Ilya Shestakov. At the same time, the plenipotentiary has repeatedly stressed that the topic is complex and its discussion should be continued, with the involvement of representatives of the fishing business.

The Federal Antimonopoly Service again came up with proposals to change the principle of resource allocation. The department has previously voiced these initiatives: to distribute at auctions the share of quotas remaining after consolidation according to the “historical principle”; provide for additional obligations when concluding agreements on fixing limits; to raise the threshold for the development of quotas to preserve the right to fish, to consolidate the obligation to harvest FBG on ships owned or received on lease. The FAS also reiterated that it does not consider it expedient to increase the period for which shares are assigned to users.

The Ministry for the Development of the Far East also came up with its ideas: the then deputy head of the department, Oleg Skufinsky, proposed to provide quotas "in exchange for investments." The topic of production according to the "Olympic system" was also raised.

Talking to the press following the results of the meeting, Yuri Trutnev noted that "it is quite possible to use it." However, he named the issue of resource allocation among the discussion ones. “The proposals of the Federal Agency for Fishery: let's leave the historical principle, because there is nothing more beautiful, did not sound convincing. I rather agree with the opinion of the antimonopoly authorities, ”he said.

Trutnev clarified that he sees advantages primarily in competitive procedures. “I've always liked the word auction,” he said. - There is nothing more transparent than auctions. The discussion of the issue will be continued. We need to see how to gradually move from the current state to another, but to do it so as not to "knock out" the already operating enterprises. "

To be continued

Meanwhile, work on a new law "On Fisheries" continues. “The proposals to the draft law, which are being developed by Rosrybolovstvo, taking into account numerous discussions with participants in the Russian fishing industry and regional authorities, have a historical principle of securing quotas shares, while providing additional obligations for quota holders aimed at developing the industry, including increasing efficiency development of quotas for the production of aquatic biological resources, elimination of rentiers, etc. ", - said EastRussia press secretary of the Federal Agency for Fishery Ksenia Timakova.

According to her, the preparation of the document is at the final stage, but still continues. Then it will be sent to the Russian Ministry of Agriculture. It is assumed that after revision in the department, it will be sent for interdepartmental coordination. “Rosrybolovstvo will execute any government decision, at the same time we believe that the issue of the possible liquidation of the enterprise should be discussed in detail. "Natsrybresurs" plays the main role in improving the port infrastructure, the enterprise is now faced with the most important task in the framework of import substitution to develop the infrastructure for the delivery of domestic fish products from the fisherman to the consumer. And the company is actively working in this direction, "- said Timakova, commenting on the issue of the possible liquidation of the FSUE.

The department agrees that there are still many problems to be solved in the industry, including those related to reducing administrative barriers, increasing the efficiency of the industry, developing infrastructure, including the delivery of fish products. “In addition, the development of aquaculture is on the agenda. Therefore, attention and support on these issues is very important, "the spokeswoman said, adding that following the meeting, a protocol is expected to be released, and" the instructions received will be taken into account. "


Experts note: Trutnev's words and proposals show a clear trend towards the expansion of regional powers.

“The elimination of National Fishery Resources and the transfer of its powers to the regions, a departure from the historical principle in favor of auctions in resource allocation — these are the main trigger points. It is these areas that are of interest to the regions from the point of view of possible "manual" management, including because they will create a good foundation for strategic planning and development. And this can be traced in the statements of Yuri Trutnev, ”says the president of the Association of Fisheries Enterprises of Primorye Georgy Martynov.

Ports and quotas are a great asset. However, the feds are unlikely to easily part with him, experts say. Analysts note that now the deputy chairman has “his own territory of interests,” and this is normal, anyone in his place would try to take control into their own hands. According to experts, it has become obvious that the Federal Agency for Fishery and the deputy chairman are playing on different fields. “It is difficult to say what this threatens the industry with. Moreover, no specific instructions were announced at the meeting, ”Martynov said.

However, it must be remembered that individual responsibility also comes for sole management. On the other hand, perhaps such a reconnaissance will benefit the industry. “Today, if we can talk about the low efficiency of the industry, it is only at the level of government. And here Yuri Trutnev is absolutely right. Lack of professionalism at the level of a specialized agency and territorial administration, populism, full independence of an official from the result - these are the realities of the day in which a fisherman has to work, ”says Eduard Klimov, head of the Fishnews media holding.

Probably, this could also be overcome, because the business processes of fishermen are well built. “It's another matter, there is still no answer to the main question asked by industrialists: the state, tell me, what should we do for you? How many fish should I bring to the shore and where should I put it? State, what are you going to do with it? They did not receive it (the answer) at the last meeting either, ”the analyst notes.

At the same time, he is convinced that Trutnev has something to thank: he is the first official who openly acknowledged that the officials in the industry have not carried out the president's assignments, and for several years now. And they do not bear any responsibility for this.

Experts urge not to reinvent the wheel. “There is no need to invent anything - the president has already figured out everything and gave instructions. They must be followed. Competently and on time. In my opinion, the business was given an obvious signal: help develop a government policy in the field of fisheries. I am sure that the matter will not rise behind the implementation, ”concluded Klimov.

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