Irkutsk
Ulan-Ude

Blagoveshchensk
Chita
Yakutsk

Birobidzhan
Vladivostok
Khabarovsk

Magadan
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

Anadyr
Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
Moscow

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EastRussia Bulletin: Friday Exclusive - Construction

The traditional exclusive industry analytical review of the EastRussia bulletin - this time on the state of affairs in construction - the results of the year, the amount of space to be commissioned, the plans of the developers,

In the Far Eastern regions, a significant increase in construction volumes is provided by large industrial and infrastructure facilities. At the same time, it is planned to stimulate the development of housing construction. In the district, the first results of the implementation of the Far Eastern preferential mortgage program were summed up, which, among other things, demonstrated a shortage of supply in the housing market. In this regard, the Far Eastern Federal District is expected to take measures to create favorable conditions for new developers. Important issues to be addressed in this direction are the need to develop the production of building materials and overcome administrative barriers in the creation of associated communal infrastructure.

EastRussia Bulletin: Friday Exclusive - Construction
Photo: EastRussia

In 2020, the restrictions associated with the pandemic and the unstable economic situation affected the volume of construction in the Far East. According to the results of last year, in more than half of the regions, a decrease in the volume of construction work was recorded.

Table 1. Scope of work performed by the type of activity "Construction", January-December 2020, in% to the corresponding period of the previous year. 

Region

Index

Russian Federation

100,1

Siberian Federal District

90,7

Irkutsk Region

85,6

Far Eastern Federal District

91,4

Trans-Baikal Territory

140,7

Magadan region

119,5

Amur Region

111,3

Jewish Authors. region

108,5

The Republic of Buryatia

106,9

Khabarovsk Krai

99,1

Primorsky Krai

98,9

Kamchatka

85,2

Sakhalin Region

82,0

The Chukchi Autobus. County

74,5

The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

50,8

At the same time, a number of regions showed a noticeable increase in relation to the indicators of 2019. Thus, according to the dynamics of the volume of work performed by the type of activity "Construction" in the Far Eastern Federal District in January-December last year, the Trans-Baikal Territory (an increase of 40,7%), Magadan region (an increase of 19,5%) and the Amur region (an increase of 11,3%). The construction of industrial and infrastructure facilities in these regions was less affected by the pandemic - including the Udokan Mining and Metallurgical Combine, the Amur Gas Processing Plant, the Vostochny cosmodrome and related infrastructure, a road bridge across the Zeya, Svobodnenskaya TPP. In addition, housing commissioning increased by 21,1% in the Magadan Region last year. The most significant drop in construction volumes in 2020 compared to 2019 was demonstrated by Yakutia (by 49,2%) - this is explained by the significant indicators achieved in 2019 due to the construction of the Power of Siberia gas trunkline, while last year the main works on the territory of the region have been completed.

Nevertheless, certain successes have been achieved in the field of housing construction. The volume of housing commissioning in the Far East at the end of 2020 exceeded the indicators of 2019, amounting to 2,5 million square meters. m.At the same time, 79% of all construction in the Far Eastern Federal District is carried out only in four cities - Vladivostok (0,9 million sq. m., 40%), Khabarovsk (0,4 million sq. m., 18%), Yakutsk (0,2 mln sq. m, 11%) and Ulan-Ude (0,2 mln sq. m, 10%).

Table 2. Construction of residential buildings, January-December 2020, in% to the corresponding period of the previous year.

Region

Index

Russian Federation, million sq. m

98,2

Siberian Federal District

104,0

Irkutsk Region

105,0

Far Eastern Federal District

99,5

Kamchatka

152,3

The Chukchi Autobus. County

132,3

Sakhalin Region

131,4

Magadan region

121,1

Primorsky Krai

115,4

The Republic of Buryatia

102,8

The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

89,1

Trans-Baikal Territory

78,7

Amur Region

76,0

Khabarovsk Krai

75,7

Jewish Authors. region

60,5

 The pace of housing construction has significantly increased compared to last year in the Sakhalin region - in 2020, 436 thousand square meters were built in the region. m, which is 100 thousand square meters. m more than in 2019. At the same time, the program of resettlement of emergency housing was completed ahead of schedule in the region, and in the near future it is planned to adopt a new regional targeted resettlement program for 2021-26. Within the framework of it, it is required to resettle 641 thousand square meters. m (a fund recognized as emergency as of December 1, 2020). The cost of the program should exceed 60 million rubles. Also, the volume of commissioning of residential buildings increased in the Primorsky and Kamchatka Territories, Magadan Region, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug and Buryatia. In particular, the Primorsky Territory was included in the number of regions with a construction volume of over 1 million square meters. m of housing and the largest increase in new projects for the construction of multi-apartment housing - projects with an area of ​​520 thousand square meters have started in the region. m. In the Irkutsk region in 2020, the volume of housing commissioned by 5% exceeded the level of 2019, amounting to more than 1 million square meters. m, and outstripped the planned indicators by 9%. In terms of the volume of housing commissioned, the region was in third place in the Siberian Federal District. A decrease in housing construction last year was demonstrated by Yakutia, the Zabaikalsky and Khabarovsk Territories, the Amur Region and the Jewish Autonomous Region.

Let us recall that the Far Eastern Mortgage program is being considered as an incentive for housing construction in the macro-region. Following the results of the first year of the program, 15,3 thousand loans were issued in the amount of 54,9 million rubles, while the number of mortgage loans issued in the Far Eastern Federal District increased by 36%. In general, from the beginning of the program until March of this year, 16 agreements were concluded, and the total amount of loans issued reached 983 million rubles. The three leading regions in terms of the number of loan agreements concluded are Primorsky Krai (61,48 loan agreements totaling 4 million rubles), Yakutia (846 loan agreements worth 19,1 million rubles) and Khabarovsk Krai (3 agreements worth 645 million rubles). Buryatia (14,1 contracts worth 2 million rubles) and the Amur Region (393 contracts worth 9 million rubles) follow in terms of the number of contracts for registration of preferential mortgages. In the Trans-Baikal Territory, 1 contracts were signed for more than 772 million rubles, and in the Sakhalin Region - 4,1 contracts for 1 million rubles. At the same time, 601 loans were issued for individual housing construction under the program, the amount of which exceeded 5,4 million rubles.

A number of banks provide special conditions for obtaining a preferential mortgage, reducing rates. At the beginning of the year, Sberbank decided to significantly reduce the rate on the Far Eastern mortgage, subject to the transaction in electronic form. In this case, the rate is 1% per annum. In the case of registering a transaction using the conventional method, the rate for residents of the Far East is reduced by 0,7 percentage points. (up to 1,3%). The down payment is 15% of the property value. VTB Bank noted an increase in demand for Far Eastern mortgages by 2,5 times after the rate was cut to 1% in August last year. In general, since the beginning of the program, the bank has entered into 3,3 thousand contracts worth more than 13 million rubles. Gazprombank also offers a loan at a rate of 0,9%, DOM.RF bank - 1,2% subject to remote application and confirmation of income with an extract from the Pension Fund, Asian-Pacific Bank - 1,6% subject to an initial payment of 50%, Rosbank - 1,7% for payroll clients.

At the same time, the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East notes that the increased demand for housing under the Far Eastern mortgage program revealed a shortage of land for housing construction in large Far Eastern cities, which, in turn, leads to an increase in the cost per square meter of housing - on average, an increase in prices per square meter in new buildings after the introduction of preferential programs, it is estimated at 18,1%. On the issue of expanding land for construction, the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East is cooperating with the Ministry of Defense, which has large areas in the Far Eastern Federal District. Important tasks are to activate housing construction, attract new developers (including foreign ones) and offer them favorable conditions.

So, in the Primorsky Territory, the South Korean state construction corporation Land & Housing Corporation (LH Corporation) expects to carry out a comprehensive development of the Russky Island in Vladivostok on a total area of ​​1,3 million square meters. m on the territory of 345 hectares. At the same time, 300 thousand square meters. m can be commercial real estate and social infrastructure. The project can be implemented in cooperation with the Russian corporation DOM.RF - a memorandum of cooperation was signed by the parties in November 2020. The volume of investments in the project is tentatively estimated at 80-90 million rubles. It should be noted that earlier LH Corporation signed an agreement with the Far East Development Corporation on the construction of an industrial park in the Nadezhdinskaya ASEZ. Meanwhile, a large Russian developer, the PIK group of companies, in 2020 acquired 13 land plots in Vladivostok for 10,6 hectares, where it is planned to build a residential complex of 118 sq. m.

In Khabarovsk, several territories are being considered for mass development - Orekhovaya Sopka, the area of ​​the DOSAAF airfield, the sixth and seventh microdistricts of the northern part of the city. In November last year, Glavgosexpertiza approved a water pipeline project worth about 9 million rubles for the construction of housing in the Orekhovaya Sopka area. The construction of 1 million square meters is planned in the microdistrict. m of housing. The construction of the water pipeline requires 141,63 million rubles, while 138,8 million rubles were allocated from the regional budget, and 2,8 million rubles from the city budget. The project also provides for the construction of a main sewer collector. The infrastructure will be commissioned this year, after which the developers will be able to start work on the site. Among the companies interested in participating in construction is the PIK group. In addition, it is planned to direct funds from the regional budget to create a heating main project for the future residential area. On the territory of the DOSAAF airfield area, 1,2 million square meters can be built. m of housing, and in the sixth and seventh microdistricts - up to 400 thousand square meters. m, however, these projects are still less developed.

On Sakhalin, the PIK group is interested in the construction of about 800 thousand square meters. m of housing. In addition, in the Sakhalin region, a project has been announced for the construction of a new urban microdistrict with an area of ​​about 1,2 thousand hectares in the Korsakov urban district. The Sakhalin Region Development Corporation expects to allocate 166,7 million rubles for research on the development of architectural and urban planning concepts for the area, on the territory of which the Korsakov Port transport and logistics complex and the Sakhalintech innovation and technology cluster are to be located. It is planned to involve the International Community of Urban and Regional Planners (ISOCARP) in the work as an international expert.

New projects are expected to be developed in regions where the supply of new housing on the market is limited, which also hinders the development of the Far Eastern mortgage program. In January, the Governor of the Magadan Region S. Nosov, General Director of the DOM.RF Corporation V. Mutko and General Director of the DOM.RF Foundation D. Filippov signed a memorandum of intent to cooperate for the implementation of a rental housing project within the framework of the integrated development of the Pea Field territory in Magadan. It is expected that rental housing will primarily be in demand among public sector workers and young professionals, and, in addition, will help speed up the process of resettlement of citizens from hazardous housing and expand opportunities for obtaining preferential Far Eastern mortgages. The first stage of the complex development of the "Pea Field" involves the construction of up to 100 thousand square meters. m of housing, while the developer should be the Corporation for the Development of the Magadan Region, and the project financing will be provided by DOM.RF Bank. The government of the Magadan Region will act as a tenant, while the Fund for Assistance to Reforming Housing and Utilities will co-finance the project. Until 2030, it is planned to build 204 thousand square meters on the territory of the "Pea Field". m of housing for a total amount of about 22,67 million rubles.

In March, the head of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, A. Chekunkov, announced the development of a new mechanism to support housing construction - the creation of "Far Eastern Quarters" in the cities of the district, which are modern microdistricts with a comfortable layout until 2024. For this purpose, it is planned to extend the TOP regime to integrated housing projects volume from 200 thousand sq. m with the envisaged measures to create communal and social infrastructure.

Providing construction sites with the necessary infrastructure is a significant issue for the development of housing construction. Today, for this purpose, the Stimul program is being implemented, in which four Far Eastern regions are currently taking part - the Amur Region, Khabarovsk Territory, Buryatia and Yakutia. In 2021-24. about 3,5 million rubles have been allocated to finance this program in the Far Eastern Federal District, which is expected to allow the construction of about 1,3 million square meters. m of housing. In addition, the Trans-Baikal Territory intends to enter the program this year - in the next few years (2021-24), the region will receive 529,8 million rubles from the federal budget to reduce the cost of a square meter of housing. It is planned to reduce the cost of housing construction through the construction of heating networks, water supply networks, sewerage systems and roads to construction sites. Annually, from 2021, the region will receive from 80 to 100 million rubles for these purposes.

In the Far Eastern Federal District, it is planned to expand opportunities for individual housing construction. At the end of last year, a law initiated by the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East was adopted, expanding the list of cases of early granting of land plots to citizens under the Far Eastern Hectare program. This law allows users of Far Eastern hectares to pledge land as security for the fulfillment of obligations when registering a mortgage for the construction of a residential building, whereas before, land plots could be transferred into ownership of citizens only after five years, and banks considered only land plots as collateral for loans. property from the borrower. According to the new law, the conclusion of a loan agreement with a Russian bank for the construction of a house on a Far Eastern hectare is a prerequisite for transferring ownership of the land plot. At the same time, according to the Agency of the Far East for the Development of Human Capital, more than 40% of the participants in the "Far Eastern Hectare" program take land precisely in order to build their own house.

Last year, new production facilities for building materials were opened in the Far East. In December, Zavod Synergy LLC launched the production of reinforced concrete vibrated racks for 0,4-10 kV overhead line poles in Primorsky Artyom with a capacity of 14,5 thousand poles per year. The project was implemented within the framework of the FPV. Construction and installation organizations and power grid companies are considered the main consumers of the products. Another SPV resident, the Karkas company, in January this year opened a plant for the production of reinforcing cages in Vladivostok. In 2021, the investor intends to process over 2 thousand tons of rolled metal at the enterprise.

At the end of December, TechnoNicol Corporation put into operation a polymer recycling plant in Khabarovsk within the framework of the TOP. The volume of investments in the creation of the enterprise amounted to 171 million rubles. The plant will process recyclable materials, including polystyrene and foam packaging and thermal insulation materials, to produce XPS heavy slabs used in road construction. At the same time, today the Khabarovsk industrial cluster "TechnoNikol" includes enterprises for the production of plastic drainage systems, building heat and sound insulation materials from stone wool and expanded polystyrene. The total investment in them exceeded 2,6 million rubles. Also, this year, TechnoNikol launched a project to modernize the technological line for the production of stone wool to increase the production of heat-insulating materials and expand their range. 

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