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Budget block

The arrest of accounts of organizations in the Trans-Baikal Territory can lead to unpredictable consequences

Budget block
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10 October Federation of Trade Unions of Transbaikalia sent an appeal to Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev with a request to influence the situation with blocked accounts of budget institutions and growth of accounts payable. "The seizure of accounts leads not only to the violation of the terms of payment of wages, the violation of the stability of the work of labor collectives, but also virtually paralyzes the financial and economic activities of budget institutions, which leads to additional problems associated, for example, with timely provision of food in kindergartens, institutions, "the appeal says.

The problem of arresting accounts in budget institutions, especially those related to the educational sphere, remains relevant in the province for two years. It is the main reason for the delay in wages for teachers and leads to an increase in social tension. As the chairman of the Trans-Baikal regional organization of the all-Russian trade union of education Nina Okuneva told EastRussia, the creditors of the Novokrucininsky secondary school of the Chita district began to arrest the accounts, which through the court demanded to return the accumulated debts for the provided utilities. In 2015, this situation was aggravated by a serious deficit in the regional budget and the inability of the authorities to pay teachers the money they earned. Then this led to a wave of strikes pedagogical teams.

The problem reached the federal level and had a bad effect on the political image of the regional governor Konstantin Ilkovsky - in February 2016, he left the post of head of the region ahead of schedule. Natalya Zhdanova, who was appointed acting governor, solved the problem of teachers' salary money with the help of subsidies from the federal center and a strict redistribution of budget funds exclusively to salaries of state employees. However, these measures resolved the situation only partially. In August, Governor Natalya Zhdanova made a video call with Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev in August 2017, saying that all funds for teachers ’salaries are transferred in full, but because of the arrest of the bills, it’s impossible to pay them immediately.

The region still does not have the funds necessary to pay off all the payables of budgetary institutions. The money that the regional authorities send to the teachers is under arrest. As a result, in order to pay what you have earned, you need a court decision that opens up access to payroll funds. As Irina Averchenko, a biology teacher at a school in the region, said, wage arrears reach two weeks.

- Colleagues, of course, are nervous, because for many loans, you have to pay for an apartment. Our salaries are not so big, so that you can safely stretch a fortnight, - says Irina Averchenko.

According to the head of the Chita district, Andrei Epov, the workers of the district education committee are compelled to help the prosecutors to file suits in order to somehow speed up the adoption of court orders.

- The lawsuits are filed in court, the court issues an order that goes to the treasury, and already it will unblock the account for the transfer of wages. Despite all our efforts, it still takes about one and a half weeks. Now the regional authorities offered another scheme - financing through a third party. That is, the money for salaries will come not to the arrested accounts, but for example, to a single bookkeeping, which, in turn, will transfer them to teachers. So we can avoid delays, "Andrew Epov told EastRussia.

This tactical decision by the regional authorities does not solve the main problem - large creditor indebtedness of budgetary organizations. According to a source in the province's government, at the beginning of October the total debt on the executive lists of only educational organizations was more than 100 million rubles. Schools, kindergartens, hospitals, cultural centers and other budget institutions have debts to communal workers, the pension fund, the mandatory medical insurance fund, and the tax. Formally, the maintenance of buildings and technical personnel is the responsibility of municipalities. In practice, the budgets of the districts are subsidized and receive subventions from the regional treasury for these purposes. The latter, in turn, has a deficit of 3,5 billion rubles. Moreover, the tax base of the region has significantly subsided due to changes in the tax code.

- At the end of 2016, the tax rate on property tax for organizations for public railways was reduced, railway rolling stock was exempted from taxation. This decision entailed a serious amount of falling income for us - 1,5 billion rubles, "the governor of the province 2 said at parliamentary hearings in the Federation Council on the draft federal budget. The regional authorities ask the federal center to compensate for the loss of these revenues.

Obviously, the problem goes beyond the capabilities of the regional government, which can only hope for the help of the center. In the face of the upcoming presidential campaign, Moscow may support the region with money to avoid negative social consequences, but these measures are unlikely to have a lasting effect. The economic realities in Transbaikalia are such that it is not necessary to rely on the rapid growth of own revenues, and therefore on the repayment of debts of budgetary organizations.
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