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We will part with those who cannot solve the tasks.
Sakhalin Oblast Governor Valery Limarenko in an interview with EastRussia spoke about the changes in the regional government
For a year now, the Sakhalin Oblast has been living with a new governor, who almost immediately took up life changes in the island region. Since 2020, the regional government will work in a new way - it will be divided into two blocks, and KPI will be introduced for officials. They will have to solve the social, economic and other problems of the region. The head of the region, Valery Limarenko, told EastRussia about how this is being done now and whether personnel changes will follow due to future changes.
- Valery Igorevich, the end of the year is nearing. What are the main achievements of your work as governor.
- A year is a short time to solve some global problems, but at the same time, we were able to do quite a lot in order to reduce the urgency of priority problems and lay the foundation for further development.
The most serious situation was in healthcare. I personally visited all hospitals in the region, many clinics, talked with people and realized that it was necessary to radically change the approach to the organization of medical care. And in a year we managed to achieve a turning point in addressing the issue of access to medical services. The first clinics appeared without queues, and we strive to ensure that everyone soon becomes so. This means that the patient will be able to get to the therapist in two days, undergo examination and a doctor’s appointment with a specialty within a week.
We attracted 200 doctors from all over Russia. And if at the beginning of the year the staff deficit was 20%, now it is already 10%. Next year we will completely solve this problem. In areas where there are not enough doctors, a shift watch is organized for specialists. I note that we began to actively use mobile medical complexes that work in remote areas of the region at enterprises. Thanks to this, over 52 thousand people were examined during the year.
We pay serious attention to the medical examination, because the timely detected disease is the most important condition for successful treatment. So from the beginning of the year, for the first time in the history of the region, a routine inspection will be 100% of the plan, that is, 220 thousand people. This is 30% more than 2018. We made a free examination on high-tech equipment, which is especially important for the fight against oncology. We develop telemedicine - residents of the region began to receive consultations from doctors of leading clinics in Russia.
We are taking unprecedented measures to equip medical facilities with modern equipment - funding in this area has doubled. Due to this, in 2019, 645 units were delivered for 1,5 billion rubles. And today, the Sakhalin Oblast is one of the most advanced in Russia in terms of medical equipment and is comparable with leading foreign countries. In order to understand where to go further in the development of health care, what issues still have to be addressed, feedback is needed. And she appeared with us. We launched the “1-300” telephone hotline, so-called trust windows work in polyclinics. In addition, silver volunteers help us a lot - older people have become an important link between doctors and patients.
Another important area is solving the issues of transport accessibility of the islands. One of the main results of the year here was the return of Aeroflot to the region. On this issue, I negotiated for a long time with the leadership of the country and the airline. And since October 27, Aeroflot has resumed flights between Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk and Moscow. In addition, we have ensured that Rossiya Airlines supply aircraft of larger capacity to this direction. Due to this, in the summer, passenger traffic increased by 2018% compared to 20.
I especially want to note that on the route Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk - Moscow it was possible to maintain "flat" tariffs. It is of fundamental importance for us that the residents of the region have the opportunity to purchase tickets to this destination without any problems. We also introduced “uniform” tariffs on intraregional air routes, and increased the frequency of flights. Opened new subsidized regional flights: to Blagoveshchensk, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. For the first time in history, regular helicopter links appeared between the Kuril Islands Iturup, Kunashir and Shikotan.
An important decision was made in the field of emergency housing liquidation. At a meeting of the State Council in Vladivostok, I reported to the president that the houses that had been affected by the earthquake in 1995 have still not been resettled in the Okha region. People are forced to live in unsafe conditions. Vladimir Putin instructed to prepare a special program for the resettlement of this housing. We did this and sent it to the Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation. The program provides for the resettlement of about 2024 thousand square meters by the end of 162. meters of damaged living space, where more than seven thousand people live.
I want to note that since this year, the pace of housing construction has begun to grow in the region as a whole. If last year built about 265 thousand square meters. meters, then by the end of this year should exceed the bar of 300 thousand. The task for 2020 is 430 thousand "squares", and then we will hand over 500 thousand annually.
I consider the work to improve the welfare of residents of the Sakhalin Oblast to be especially important. Here, first of all, I want to note the fact that we brought pensioners out of the poverty line — we set the monthly surcharge for pensions up to the standard of the minimum income of a non-working pensioner up to 15 thousand rubles. In addition, they added a monthly supplement to the pension in the amount of one thousand rubles to all Sakhalin retirees - this is more than 165 thousand people. The figure is modest, but still it is a step forward.
We have created an effective system of social support, which is constantly being improved. Today we provide more than 200 different benefits. If we talk about innovations, then this year we introduced the “Sakhalin Social Card”. Pensioners aged 65 and over receive it. This card gives you the opportunity to attend movie shows, performances, other cultural events and sports for free.
In addition, we are developing a system of social contract. We help people with low incomes cope with financial problems by fulfilling the conditions of a social adaptation program. The amount of payments under the contract is from five to 20 thousand rubles per month. An alternative is a one-time payment of up to 240 thousand rubles. In most cases, the residents of the region start their own business with these funds or acquire subsidiary plots. So, over the year we managed to increase the number of social contracts concluded by 2,5 times. Speaking generally, thanks to these and other support measures, we were able to halve the number of people living in the region below the poverty line. Of course, we will continue this work.
I think it is worth noting another important area - the improvement of communication between the authorities and the inhabitants of the region. We began to cooperate more actively on solving many issues. New channels of interaction help this. Today, any resident of the region can talk about the problem of concern to him in social networks and get full feedback. All messages are obligatory for consideration by executive authorities and local self-government bodies. Sakhalin and Kuril residents have already appreciated this form of communication, they actively use these resources.
- You are making big changes in the structure of government. Why did you decide to introduce KPI for officials? Will personnel shifts follow?
- The introduction of KPIs, or key performance indicators, is a very important step to improve the work of the regional government. We are raising the requirements for the work of the island officials. This is necessary in order to bring life in the Sakhalin Region to a fundamentally new level and increase trust in the authorities.
People should live in comfortable housing, drive along asphalt roads, and receive quality medical and educational services. It is necessary to create a comfortable urban environment, favorable environmental conditions, attractive conditions for investors. All this takes into account new performance indicators. We have approved them and will not change them in order to enter someone else's position. We do not need managers who can not cope with their work.Leaders will be responsible for the fulfillment of their tasks. That is, the income level of officials in 2020 will depend on how successfully they cope with the increased requirements.
We will evaluate their work on a quarterly basis. This will keep all indicators under control. And with those who can not solve the tasks, we will part.
- Recently, you discussed the project for the construction of an oil and gas service center in Sakhalin with envoy Yury Trutnev. Tell us more about him.
- The project to create the Sakhalin Oil and Gas Industrial Park is an initiative of Sakhalin Energy, which was supported by the government of the Sakhalin Oblast. The park will be located on four land plots with a total area of about 70 hectares in the north-eastern part of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.
On the basis of the industrial park, it is planned to form a center of technical competencies for enterprises in the oil and gas sector. This is the platform on which production and service companies will focus, ensuring the efficient and uninterrupted operation of oil and gas project operators. 1 people are expected to work here. According to preliminary data, the volume of investments will be about 600 billion rubles.
Implementation of the project will allow companies to reduce risks and costs for equipment maintenance and repair, eliminate dependence on foreign component deliveries, make it possible to reduce transport costs for industry enterprises, optimize costs and increase revenues to the regional budget - over ten years, the contribution to the budget system will be about 594,15 million rubles.
Thus, the project will be the beginning of a new stage in the industrial development of the Sakhalin Oblast, a growth point that will maximize the economic, industrial and human potential of the territory.
- Also recently you stated that gas prices in the Sakhalin Oblast are very high, at Rosneft you did not agree with this. Did you manage to hold some kind of negotiations with the oil companies, somehow solve this issue?
- So far, we have not been able to agree with Rosneft on reducing fuel prices, but this does not mean that the problem is unsolvable. We intend to increase competition in the fuel market. Normal prices can be achieved by converting vehicles to gas engine fuel. It is about two to three times cheaper than gasoline, diesel, electricity. We will build a network of gas stations throughout Sakhalin, together with dealers to develop and offer preferential conditions for buyers of gas equipment. Increase support measures to stimulate the transfer of vehicles to gas: loans, discounts, other preferences.
By the way, today we are compensating residents of the region 70% of the cost of refitting their cars, preferential categories of citizens - up to 100%. We plan that as early as next year, anyone who wishes to switch to gas will be able to receive 100% compensation.
- Again about the prices. You suggested the Ministry of Transport to increase the duration of the order on subsidized air transportation by at least three to five years. How does this help make airline tickets more affordable?
- Yes, we did offer the Ministry of Transport to extend the period of validity of agreements on subsidizing regional air transportation within the framework of RF Government Resolution No. 1242. This measure is necessary for airlines to develop long-term and medium-term development programs. Currently, when concluding contracts for one year, airlines cannot begin to address issues on expanding the aircraft fleet and training flight personnel.
Having an approved flight program for three to five years, airlines will be able to plan their activities, and as a result begin their own development, including by expanding the route network in the framework of Resolution No. 1242. As for the cost of air tickets, when the passenger is included in the list of subsidized routes, the fare for the passenger is provided for by the resolution itself. So, for example, for the route Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk - Komsomolsk-on-Amur, the fare for a passenger is about 4,5 thousand rubles one way.
- The Ministry of Defense began to transfer land to the region on Sakhalin. It was decided where and what will be built on these sites?
- To date, six land plots with a total area of about 245 hectares have already been transferred to us. In the near future we will receive 13 more plots on 4,5 thousand hectares. Plans for these lands are great. Residential houses, kindergartens, schools, sports facilities and public and business buildings will be built on them. For example, at a site located in the central part of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, at the expense of investor funds, a complex of social and sports infrastructure facilities will be built. On the other there will be a recreational area for residents of a large residential neighborhood. In the southern part of the regional center in the planning district of Khomutovo, they intend to build a school with 550 seats. In the Korsakovsky urban district, where the Fluffy airfield is located on the former lands of the Ministry of Defense, we will build the Patriot military-patriotic park.
In general, the transfer of military land will speed up the process of relocating people from dilapidated and dilapidated housing, solve the problems of eliminating the second shift in schools, provide people with the necessary social infrastructure, and make our cities more comfortable and attractive for life.
- The most global project for Sakhalin is the construction of a bridge that will connect the island with the mainland. In your opinion, does the region need a bridge, and if so, in what perspective and under what conditions?
- Of course, we need it, and we look forward to a positive decision on this issue. Indeed, in fact, further prospects for the development of the Sakhalin Oblast depend on this. Our ice-free ports - Korsakovsky, Nevelsky, Poronaysky - will immediately have a different meaning. And immediately there will be a desire to make a bridge to Japan or a tunnel. Technology is evolving, and it is all becoming possible. And then Japan has a real opportunity to deliver goods by rail from Japan to Europe via BAM. In this case, various industries related to the processing of gas, oil, and other raw materials can be built along the railway. This is an important strategic task. Russian railways are already conducting pre-design work. They fall into the plans for the socio-economic development of Russian Railways and our region. We believe that the construction deadline is 2035, optimists say the 2030th.
- Foreign companies are interested in projects on Sakhalin, mainly in mining. Are there any non-oil projects that can attract foreign investors?
- Yes, we have formed a list of strategic projects that may be attractive to foreign investors, and we are discussing them with potential foreign partners. For example, the creation of a medical cluster, including cooperation in the field of pharmaceuticals and the production of medical products, including dietary supplements based on kelp. We invite investors to take part in projects to create a large transit transport hub with the development of Sakhalin ports, deep processing of timber, production of building materials. All these are very promising areas, so we are counting on interest from foreign companies.
- How is the implementation of national projects going this year? Which projects are going better and which are problematic, and why?
- Sakhalin Oblast takes part in the implementation of 48 federal projects. According to the results of nine months of 2019, for a number of regional projects, we exceeded the planned indicators, and in some cases reached annual values already by October. We have achieved this in the areas of “Housing and the urban environment”, “Education”, “Culture”, “Digital economy”, “Small and medium-sized enterprises and support for individual entrepreneurial initiatives”.
The main difficulties are identified when implementing regional projects in healthcare. This is due to the lack of highly qualified specialists in the field, with poor diagnosis and detectability of diseases. But as I said, we are taking unprecedented measures to change the situation with the availability and quality of medical care. We attract doctors to the region, organize teleconsultations, conduct continuous medical examinations and much more. I am sure that this large-scale work will bring positive results.