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"Greater China" or how to use international experience in Russia
Vladimir Lukashev Expert on China and South-East Asia
The development of a startup can be divided into three stages:
1.Idea and theoretical developments.
2.Commercialization. Embodiment in metal (prototype).
3.Development to market requirements. Technological adaptation to the process of mass production and organization of sales.
The first stage usually implemented in those countries where the fundamental science is strong. First of all it is the USA. Much is being done in European countries, and recently Israel has joined them.
Strange as it may seem, there is still a fundamental science in Russia. There are many interesting developments, mainly in universities and research institutes. So with this stage in Russia everything is in order.
The second stage - commercialization of development, creation of a prototype "in metal". Here we have a worse situation, although some developments go even to the stage of small-scale production. But this is rather an exception to the rules. In fairness, it should be noted that in Southeast Asia, business with this stage is also not very good. For example, in Silicon Valley or in the technopark in Haifa, everything is much better. The reasons for our failures are a strong bureaucratization of the system.
First, the system of technoparks effectively cuts off unpromising projects. The procedure for admission to the technopark is rather complicated. For each new participant a separate decision is taken by a special commission. And the decision is made on the basis of the results of meticulous testing. But this is in the traditions of "Greater China". So, in Singapore every contract with a foreign investor is carefully analyzed, read and only then a decision is made on it.
Secondly, in technology parks in one place are concentrated capital, qualified personnel and proximity to science. All this gives a serious head start to the participants of the process.
Thirdly, the principle of “one window” has long been the main principle of work in technoparks. All problems of the company are solved by the management of the technopark. The meaning of the existence of the administration is to make the life of startups as easy as possible and to play the role of a “good angel” throughout the life of the company.
To fund start-ups, there are special funds. So, in the industrial park in Hsinchu, the Industrial Technology Investment Corporation (ITIC) is engaged in this. He also buys new technologies, and first of all outside of Taiwan. And in order to acquire key technologies in time, the leadership of Taiwan monitors the situation with new developments around the world. And this is the responsibility of the State Center for Industrial and Economic Knowledge (Industrial and Economic Knowledge Center).
It should be noted that the work of the Taiwanese leadership, as well as the leadership of all Asian dragons, is based on healthy pragmatism. If public property works better than private, use state property; if private property is more efficient, use it. All this differs sharply from the policy of the Russian government of "young reformers" who managed to effectively destroy the Soviet legacy, but did not offer anything in return.
The book "Iron Lee" has become a textbook on all economic issues for countries wishing to repeat the path of Singapore from a non-regular, tortured by poverty and corruption of the region to the world of prosperity and development.
This is how the people of Lee Kwan Yew worked with attracted investors: “When representatives of the Hewlett-Packard company negotiated the construction of the factory, they decided to initially rent the two upper floors of a six-story building. An elevator for lifting large technical equipment needed a transformer, which we did not have at the time of the visit of Mr. Hewlett himself. Instead of getting him to go up to the sixth floor on foot, UED employees laid a huge cable from a nearby building, and on the day of his visit the elevator worked. Hewlett Packard established a company in Singapore. ”