This text is translated into Russian by google automatic human level neural machine.
EastRussia is not responsible for any mistakes in the translated text. Sorry for the inconvinience.
Please refer to the text in Russian as a source.
Business Transbaikalia refused alimony
Entrepreneurs do not want to provide jobs for convicted debtors
The Prosecutor's Office of the Trans-Baikal Territory proposed quoting jobs for child support convicted to correctional labor, the debt of which exceeded two billion rubles. The resonant bill was supported in the regional Federal Penitentiary Service, but among the deputies, heated debates broke out over the initiative.
FOR GOOD OR DEFECTIVE?
According to Irina Tverskova, senior assistant to the prosecutor of the Trans-Baikal Territory, the need to pass a bill “On quoting jobs for convicts to corrective labor” is due to the fact that the current legislation does not fully solve the problem of employment of convicts to corrective labor. The reason is the lack of vacant places at enterprises included in the list of facilities for serving this type of punishment. Since convicts cannot work, for example, in budgetary institutions, local entrepreneurs are offered to provide them with jobs.
“Statistics show an annual increase in the number of relapses committed by convicts serving a sentence that is not related to deprivation of liberty. In 2019, compared with 2018, their number increased by 7,4% - from 866 to 930. In particular, 24 people intoxicated committed murders and caused serious harm to the health of others. One of the main causes of recidivism is the lack of employment and the need for cash, ”said Irina Tverskova.
She explained that the amount of arrears of persons with claims by the court in 2018 amounted to 174 million rubles, in 2019 - more than 240 million rubles, and only 6% of the citizens of this category paid off the debt. The prosecutor's office proposed to establish the legal and organizational framework for quotas for jobs for hiring convicted individual entrepreneurs, the average number of employees of which is 30 or more people. The law does not include organizations that are in the process of liquidation and bankruptcy, public associations of persons with disabilities, youth and children’s public associations, state authorities and local governments, institutions funded from the budgets of the Russian Federation and municipalities, and religious organizations.
It was suggested that the quota be set differentially - depending on the average number of employees. For example, in an organization that employs from 100 to 200 people, two jobs are quotaized, over 200 people - three.
“The adoption of the law will solve the problem with the employment of prisoners sentenced to corrective labor, will contribute to the educational impact on them and the elimination of the main causes and conditions for the commission of repeated crimes. Moreover, while working, convicts will be able to pay alimony to their children, ”Irina Tverskova argued.
RESPONSE OF RESPONSIBILITY
The bill has been at the site of the regional Legislative Assembly since June 2017, in November it was sent for revision, and only returned to discussion in February 2020. The opinions of the deputies were again divided - the bill caused a lot of controversy. Most people's deputies believe that entrepreneurs should not assume the obligation to employ and pay salaries to convicted debtors for child support. Viktor Bessonova, Ombudsman for Entrepreneurs in the Trans-Baikal Territory, also opposed the bill.
“The very approach to oblige businesses to quote jobs for those who have been punished by the state is not true. Business needs to be interested, business is ready to participate in this process, however, when some incentive measures are proposed. Moreover, in the explanatory note, it was further proposed to introduce administrative responsibility for business in case of failure to comply with quotas, ”Bessonova commented on her position.
She also noted that often those sentenced to corrective labor are not interested in finding a job themselves - they ask the employer to put a note that the citizen was not suitable for this enterprise. In addition, the business bears a serious financial burden - one quota of jobs costs 200-300 thousand rubles a year. Therefore, business representatives quite reasonably regarded this legislative initiative as an administrative and financial burden.
“Of course, we are ready to work in this direction, but business should not be obligated, but interested, providing a number of preferences. For example, it can be tax deductions, benefits when participating in state and municipal procurements. But such measures were not spelled out in the proposed version of the law, but on the contrary, it was proposed to establish administrative responsibility for business in case of failure to comply with the rules on quotas for jobs. Under these conditions, entrepreneurs are not ready to make such an obligation, ”Bessonova said.
Many deputies agreed with the business defender. For example, Dmitry Tyuryukhanov noted that it would make sense to discuss the idea of quotas only if a compensation mechanism appears. His colleague Sergey Suturin believes that, on the one hand, parliamentarians should support entrepreneurship, since this is the basis of state policy, but there is another side to the situation.
“We are forced to thoroughly burden the business, because the federal law on quotas for jobs for disabled people and minors who have the right to work, is in force,” Suturin said.
According to the prosecutor of the Trans-Baikal Territory Vasily Voikin, they do not propose creating new jobs for this, but they ask to use the existing ones.
“And when we talk about this law, we do not mean the burden of state bodies, not shifting it to business, but a purely preventive function. In the sense that business is part of society, and it can bring positive moments to achieve the interests of the state, society, a particular family that will receive these alimony, ”said Voikin.
Deputy Alexei Saklakov also did not share the concern of colleagues about the interests of people who, according to him, are quite firmly on their feet.
“You forget about children who do not receive alimony, but in the Territory a record amount of non-payment of alimony is 1,8 billion rubles. You also forget about people who may want to take the path of correction. No one asks to arrange these citizens for managerial and highly qualified positions, it is enough to give them the opportunity to receive a minimum salary in order to pay alimony to their families. Therefore, the law would solve a socially significant problem, ”Saklakov substantiated his position.
The results of the vote eventually showed that most Transbaikal deputies do not agree with this point of view. Of the 45 present at the plenary session, only seven supported the bill, 23 deputies voted “against”, three abstained, and 12 deputies did not vote at all. Most likely, this initiative in Transbaikalia in the near future will no longer be considered.