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Biomass is gaining weight
Why in the Far East pellet production
In the Khabarovsk Territory, the company Asia Light has commissioned a plant for the production of fuel pellets. Taking into account this and other industries, the regional government predicts that in a few years the enterprises of the region will be able to almost triple the processing of forest waste into biofuel. East Russia understood how promising the market for woody biomass.
Pellet production in Russia is gaining momentum. According to Rosstat, following the results of the third quarter of 2017, the country received about 980 thousand tons of pellets, an increase of 35,6% over the same period last year. Today's output is mainly export oriented. In 2016, Russia exported more than 1 million tons of fuel pellets (with total production of 1,1 million tons), becoming one of the five largest suppliers of this product, along with the USA, Canada, Latvia and Vietnam.
The bulk of Russian biofuel is supplied to European countries, primarily Denmark and Sweden. According to the Association of Biofuel Market Participants (ENBIO), demand for pellets in the world began to rise sharply from 2011. Currently, it annually increases by about 11-14%.
In addition to Europe, the Asian market shows a noticeable increase in consumption. Fuel pellets are in demand in Japan, China, South Korea, where the state supports bioenergy, subsidized stations that operate on biofuel.
Today the bulk of pellets is produced in the North-West Federal District and Siberia. Among the leading producers and exporters of wood biofuel are OAO Vyborgskaya Cellulose, OAO Novoyeniseysky Wood Chemical Complex, Mir Granul LLC, ZNUMX Timber Plant, Yenisey Wood Processing Company LLC, North-West Holding LLC, LLC Swedwood Tikhvin and others.
At the same time, the growing demand of APR countries encourages the emergence of pellet capacities in the Russian Far East, in particular in the Khabarovsk Territory, which accounts for 51% of logging in the Far Eastern Federal District. In the first half of the year 2017 produced 61,5 thousand tons of pellets (among the producers - the company Arkaim, Regionles) - 23,5% more than a year earlier. But as the regional ministry of natural resources predicts, in a few years the enterprises of the region will be able to produce up to 300 thousand tons of fuel pellets annually.
In the village of Berezov, Asia Forest LLC, as part of its wood processing plant operating since 2008, launched a line for the production of 84 thousand tons of biofuel. Another large plant - an annual capacity of up to 135 thousand tons of pellets - is building in the Amursk RFP Group. The construction of this enterprise will make it possible to achieve complete integrated processing in this city, where the holding company has factories for the production of veneer and sawn timber.
The appearance of pellet capacity will affect the further increase in the volume of sawmilling. At the same time, this can give the regional utilities an additional source of energy consumption, provided that the state provides incentives. According to the Ministry of Natural Resources, using renewable sources in Russia today produces about 8,4 billion kWh of electricity, including about 5,5 billion kW / h is produced by using biomass. By 2020, it is planned to increase this output to 12 billion kW / h. It is proposed to reduce the railway tariff for transportation of pellets and briquettes as an incentive for creating facilities for the use of wood processing waste. The relevant letter was sent by the head of the Ministry of Natural Resources Sergei Donskoi to the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation in November. It indicates that the railroad transport of processed wood waste today exceeds the cost of round timber delivery to 15%, which is a disincentive for waste disposal. Symbolically, with such an initiative, the Ministry of Natural Resources came out in the Year of Ecology. In the timber industry of the country, more than 25 million cubic meters are formed annually. m of wood waste, which, in addition to being withdrawn from the economic circulation, worsen the ecological situation.
Proposals for the development of pellet production are now being prepared in the Ministry of Industry and Trade. Under the auspices of the department, a draft of the Strategy for the Development of the Forestry Complex of the Russian Federation until 2030 was recently developed. If the strategic development scenario is implemented, the annual release of pellets in Russia by this time may increase from 1,1 million to 2,7-5,1 million tons, depending on market conditions, mainly in developed countries. The construction of new facilities, the authors of the draft Strategy indicates, is economically feasible only if there are long-term contracts for the export of solid biofuel with consumers from Europe or Asia.
To increase the consumption of pellets in the domestic market, certain steps are needed on the part of the state, following the example of foreign countries actively switching to biofuel. In this regard, a perspective direction is the transfer of individual boilers to pellets. In general, the implementation of measures to stimulate the production, export and consumption of biofuels inside the country will annually bring to the federal and regional budgets of Russia from 2030 a year from 3,2 billion to 5,7 billion rubles.