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Why and how is the northern delivery in Yakutia

In connection with the natural-climatic and geographical features of Yakutia, most of it does not have a permanent car traffic. Huge areas in the north of the republic, dotted with lakes and small rivers, do not allow building even dirt roads. That is why the vital cargo destined for the inhabitants of the Arctic regions is brought by the region with the help of an extremely complex system called the "Northern Delivery".

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The last five years in the information space of the country you can often notice headlines that contain concern about the possible disruption of northern deliveries to the uluses of Yakutia. The authorities of the republic, first of all, connect these difficulties with the climate change - shallowing of rivers became a real calamity for transport workers. It used to be that the dry cargo ships stood idle for several months in one place, waiting for the water level to rise. At the same time, the wear and tear of equipment plays a role: instead of more than 30 dredging vessels, which were based in Yakutia in the USSR's time, now only twelve are in service.

After shallowing and disrupting navigation in 2013, more than half of the cargo volume was delivered by road. In 2017, land transportation accounted for about 60% of mandatory deliveries, or more than 7 thousand tons. About a third, about 4 thousand tons, will be delivered by riverboats, and only 219-220 tons will be delivered by cargo aircraft.

In the winter time for the delivery of goods are actively used avtozimniki. The furs travel along the riverbeds of frozen rivers, the roads make their way in the snow between the villages. The length of these routes is different - from a few dozen to almost a thousand and a half thousand kilometers. In the 2016-2017 season, abnormal snowfalls and warm weather did not allow us to open avtozimniki in the Kolyma group of uluses in time, and up to some villages the cargo reached only in April.

That is why the current task for the republic is to revise the scheme of northern delivery in order to avoid large-scale complications in the future. Thus, a proposal has already been made for the participation of the region in the break-in of the new import system, which should appear in the northern regions of the country by the end of 2018. Based on the automation and tracking of cargo, it will help to plan more effectively the transportation of goods to the Arctic territories.

"This will help to streamline the collection of applications of what is. Accordingly, under this more realistic and understandable picture of what needs to be delivered, it will be possible to more effectively plan the financing of delivery, "explained the positive sides of such an initiative, senior vice president - deputy chairman of the board of directors of the company" Norilsk Nickel "Andrei Bugrov.

At the same time, the republic has also more specific proposals for improving the northern importation. The head of Yakutia, Yegor Borisov, said in May about the need to change the scheduling of deliveries of goods in Yakutia - to move the navigation to the earliest possible time. However, this is fraught with other consequences - the earlier the purchase of goods, the more money is spent for their storage. That is why the earlier supply was brought to the autumn, in order to save on 2-3 storage months. However, the republic will depart from this practice.

In addition, the head of the region indicated that the volume of fuel and food reserves in the northern territories of the republic will be increased so that they last a month longer.

"We usually delivered with a margin on the first of January, but today experience shows that this is not enough, especially for communal services, therefore, it was instructed to increase reserves in all regions for one month. This will require billions of additional funds, but we will have to go for it, "Yegor Borisov explained.

In addition, the government of the republic is now discussing the transfer of the place of accumulation of goods from Ust-Kut in the Lower Bestah, on the middle course of the Lena River. In this case, it will be possible to avoid delays due to the shallowing of the upper reaches of the river. Similar cases in the latter are registered more often and it is believed that this is due to deforestation in the Irkutsk region.

People's deputies of Yakutia in turn propose to develop a set of measures to develop local production of products. They mainly pointed out the need to combat such drawbacks as the poor quality of products imported to populated areas, the violation of their shelf life, the greater degree of deterioration of warehouses for their storage. The situation is exacerbated by the fact that there are no conditions for storing perishable and frost-frightening products, and it is impossible to keep them during the delivery by the existing import scheme.

To solve the accumulated problems, the republic will have to seek allocation of funds for the northern delivery from the federal budget, build storage facilities suitable for storing potatoes and vegetables. In addition, the ulus will need points for the processing of local fishing products in order to preserve it before the navigation period, or effective schemes for its removal from remote areas. The possibility of introducing food maps for residents of the northern and arctic regions is discussed.

In 2016, the volume of delivery of goods to the republic was about 2 million tons, of which 1,2 million was for life support. The bulk, 505 thousand tons, is delivered through Ust-Kut, 66 thousand tons - through Nizhny Bestekh, 78 thousand tons - through the Northern Sea Route, 579 thousand tons - transportation inside the republic.

If fuel is supplied to the uluses by one of the subordinate organizations of the State Committee for Housing and Utilities - "Sahaneftegazsbyt", the delivery of food products is handled by the joint stock company "Yakutopttorg".

At the request of operators - bakers, entrepreneurs and local administrations - "Yakutopttorg" imports socially important food products in 242 settlements more than 30 districts of the republic. The mandatory list includes flour, pasta, sugar, five types of cereals, peas, vegetable oil, fats, salt, tea, canned meat and fish, dried and condensed milk, processed fruits and vegetables - total 12. This year they need to be delivered over 11 thousand tons.

Requests are being compiled on the basis of the data of Yakutstat - the number of people in each settlement and the norms of daily consumption. In addition to the main products, an expanded assortment is supplied, in which regulatory documents of the Russian government include sausage and confectionery products, dairy and dairy products, baby food, fresh vegetables, fruits, and eggs. On 2017, the year is 349 tons. Moreover, 221 ton of perishable goods should be supplied by air, 88 tons - by trucks, 40 tons - by water.

After the management of the joint-stock company was updated last year, the prices for basic products in the northern and arctic settlements are an order of magnitude smaller than they could be if all the freight costs were laid in them. The financial burden on the population is reduced due to the support of the government of Yakutia, subsidies for the purchase of food and reimbursement of costs for intergranular and vnutriusnym transportation, transportation costs, delivery of goods of extended range and flour.

Specialists of Yakutopttorg came to the conclusion that importing socially significant food products by water would reduce the cost of transport, only if it goes from the point of departure to the destination without transshipment to small-sized vessels with cranes. But on Yana and Indigirka can not do without it. Therefore, it is cheaper to deliver winter trucks with heavy trucks.

To reduce budgetary expenditures, the sale of flour, sugar, cereals, salt to the population of central, viluyskoy, zalichnyh groups of uluses and Oymyakonsky district from September 2017 will be implemented in small-lot lots.

Costly air transportation of an expanded range of socially significant goods will be minimized, and they will now be delivered in refrigerated containers by road and water. Savings can reach more than 35 million rubles. At the same time the volume of deliveries will increase in 1,8 times. In addition, it is planned to introduce incentive measures for bona fide operators and, accordingly, for the population in the form of lower selling prices by reducing the trade allowance.

All listed measures and plans are put forward because there are currently no alternatives for northern deliveries and mechanisms that could significantly accelerate the process in the near future, too, is not expected. This is also noted by the head of the republic. However, the leadership of Yakutia is looking for options for more reliable provision of remote areas with everything necessary.

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