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Without housing there will be no current
In the subtleties of attracting personnel to Sakhalin understands EastRussia
The Sakhalin Oblast managed to achieve the results of the year 2016 that only units of the subjects of the Russian Federation in the Far East are available - population growth. This, however, does not remove the problem with the deficit of qualified personnel, which always helped the Sakhalin budget to get good "lift" benefits and housing allowances. The focus here is traditionally employees of several industries, but, as it turned out this spring, not energy: the project to provide housing for regional employees of the future Sakhalin HPP-2 unexpectedly stalled. Why - finds out EastRussia.
To the east - for "squares" and rubles
Over the past few decades, the Far East is recognized as the most depopulating macro-region in Russia. In the 1991 year inhabit 8,06 million people, 2000-m - 6,91 million, 2016-m - 6,19 million Heaviest "demographic impact" occurred in 90-e: with 1991 of 2010 years DFO population according to official statistics census decreased. Immediately to 1,8 million people (22%). The state has never considered the situation normal, but more recently it began to try and influence it, mainly because the Far East is declared a territory for attracting large investments, and any production needs personnel.
At the end of last year, the Ministry of Eastern Development and the Agency for the Development of Human Capital (ARCC) prepared a draft concept of demographic policy in the Far East, which implies stabilization of the population at the level of 6,2 million people to 2020 and increasing the population to 7 million people to 2030. The document notes that “in order to solve the tasks of the advanced socio-economic development of the Far East, non-standard decisions are needed in the management of demographic processes”.
But the standard solutions, too, have not been canceled yet. To attract a person to work in a remote region can be two key advantages - a good amount of regular payments and housing. Free "Far Eastern hectare" and "lifting" here can only go to the load. At the end of 2015, the SuperJob Research Center conducted research, According to which the motivation for moving to the Far East for the majority of respondents would be a "partial or full subsidy for rent payment" (62%), "wage surcharges, an earlier retirement and an increased pension" (59%) and "granting interest-free Mortgages for the purchase of housing in a new location "(53%).
Interest-free mortgages from the Far Eastern regions can please migrants, and even then not all, while only one entity - the Sakhalin region. Deputy head of the regional agency for labor and employment of the population, Rimma Borisova, explains to EastRussia that a preferential interest-free mortgage loan is provided at the expense of Sakhalin Mortgage Agency's funds for those wishing to move to the Kuril Islands. The Kuriles in general receive strengthened support in terms of attracting cadres. So, the regional budget pays social specialists wishing to move to the ridge, benefits of more than 1 million rubles. In 2016, the Kurils managed to attract 20 qualified doctors, teachers, cultural workers and social workers, in the plans for 2017 - already 34 specialist and expansion of support measures, in particular, the establishment of compensation for rental housing.
However, the Kurils are a special case even for Sakhalin.
Sakhalin growth with a deficit
Over the past decade and a half, the Sakhalin Region has lost about 14% of its population: according to Rosstat, the number of permanent residents of the island has decreased from 569,2 thousand people in 2000 to 487,3 thousand people in 2016. Recall that there is nothing unusual in such statistics for the Far Eastern regions - a similar picture is observed throughout the Far Eastern Federal District. However, last year the region finally managed to reverse the negative trend. According to Rosstat, published in mid-March, by January 1, 2017, the population grew for the first time in many years - from 487 293 people to 487 344. Of all the subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District, only Yakutia can boast of such positive dynamics, whose demographic model, however, has always been different from subjects-neighbors.
At the same time, population growth does not mean an increase in the number of qualified specialists. Rimma Borisova recognizes that the number of economically active population in the region continues to fall. Experienced engineering and technical specialists, medical workers, skilled workers who own adjacent specialties, new technologies, including seasonal work in construction, fishing, and agriculture are still in demand, the official lists.
It is because of the persistent shortage of personnel that the region has joined the program of increasing labor mobility since 2017 year - it allows co-financing the costs of employers to attract specialists from outside the subject. This year the regional budget is ready to spend 3,7 million rubles. On compensation payments to attract 22 specialists. Another 6,8 million rubles. Will be allocated from the budget of the subject for payments under the program of resettlement of compatriots from abroad - this mechanism also gives the region of workers with experience in demand on the labor market, Rimma Borisova emphasizes: they are engineers, doctors, teachers, cultural workers, skilled workers.
In addition, to attract workers to specific industries, targeted measures are called for - one-time compensation payments and benefits that the Sakhalin budget can afford. For example, the program staffing of the health system of the Sakhalin region, reported EastRussia in the regional Ministry of Health has already attracted 400 doctors, 2017 year will be employed even 120, and by the end 2020 in the amount the region expects to receive 770 specialists and 1500 mid-level professionals . Primary care physicians arriving on Sakhalin can expect "lifting" from 780 thousand rubles. Up to 1,3 million rubles, other categories - from 725 thousand rubles. Up to 1,1 million rubles. "Specialists are provided with official housing, for doctors - specialists of the primary link is provided the possibility of its privatization," the Ministry of Health specifies.
In their own way, they are trying to solve the problem with personnel and in agriculture. In this industry, the budget is ready to provide up to 500 thousand rubles. "Lifting" for the arrangement of a young specialist with a higher education, and up to 250 thousand rubles - with a secondary specialized education. More on 125 thousand rubles. and 62,5 thousand rubles. Agricultural workers are paid accordingly. And for specific projects, the mechanism for providing employees with housing will also be activated, specified in the regional ministry of agriculture. So, for workers of a new dairy farm on 1 thousand heads in the village of Razdolnoye, which is being built by Sovkhoz Korsakovsky JSC, a residential village is being built on 50 one-storeyed three-bedroom houses. Construction started in August of 2016, 10 houses of the first stage have already been commissioned, networks are brought to them, the second stage is at the design stage.
But to provide budget co-financing for the need for new personnel in all sectors and promising projects on Sakhalin, alas, does not work.
GRES new, problems are old
In 2012, the regional government and RAO ES of the East signed an agreement on cooperation in the construction of one of the four new generation facilities in the Far East - Sakhalinskaya GRES-2. New 120-megawatt station costing more than 34 billion rubles. Should replace outdated capacity and become one of the key factors in the development of the region. The energy sector has undertaken to build the energy facility itself, and the authorities of the region are to build residential houses and all the necessary social facilities for the personnel of the state district power station. The project includes a new three-storey house, which should appear on the site of the old buildings and gardens, a school for 100 places, a kindergarten for 110 places, sports hall, a cultural center and other sites of cultural, commercial and residential applications.
The construction of the power plant began in 2015 year in 5 km from the village of Ilinskoe, the facility is scheduled to be completed in 2017 year. But with the accompanying infrastructure, problems suddenly arose.
In February, Andrei Shavarin, deputy general director for strategy and development of PJSC Sakhalinenergo, said that the construction of housing and communal facilities for future employees of the state district power station-2, financed by the Sakhalin budget, "is being delayed, and for social objects, Beyond 2019. " A representative of the company explained that in 2017 the authorities promised to hand over 273 apartments, and in fact 342 is required. Some employees agreed to move from the closing facility - Sakhalinskaya GRES, but they need housing. In total, for the maintenance of the station, according to estimates of power engineers, it will take about 400 specialists.
According to Viktoria Mesenzova, Head of Human Resources Department of PJSC Sakhalinenergo, the current situation is a sign that "the electric power industry of the region is forced to solve its personnel problems on its own against the backdrop of serious support by the regional authorities for the personnel policy in the field of agriculture, social sphere and public administration".
To consolidate for power utilities young professionals need to work out at least three to five years at the lower positions, said Victoria Mesenzova but attract such employees can not just salary, but "the conditions under which will accommodate the family: whether the work there for his wife, you can Whether it will arrange a child in kindergarten, what quality of education in the school, whether it will be possible to drive children to development centers, circles, sports sections. " And the situation with Sakhalinskaya GRES-2 here is very indicative.
According to the personnel services of Sakhalinenergo, most of the personnel of the future power plant will be formed at the expense of employees of the existing Sakhalin GRES in the Poronaysky region. Approximately 275 employees have so far expressed their consent to move to a new location; 157 more people will be needed. And housing for them is one of the determining factors. “Undoubtedly, the program for increasing the mobility of labor resources will partially help in solving the personnel problem for Sakhalin GRES-2. However, it is the presence of housing, a preschool educational institution, a sports complex and a leisure center that is the minimum conditions for attracting and retaining workers at the power plant. And without qualified personnel, it is impossible to ensure high-quality operation of a powerful and high-tech power facility, ”explains a company representative.
In the Sakhalin government, EastRussia could not explain the prospects of building an infrastructure for the power plant-2.
"Reducing the financing of the social infrastructure of the station completely goes against the demographic development program of the Far East. And a bit surprising, because the Sakhalin region is the region richest in the entire Far East. Moreover, with regard to demographic policy, very good measures are applied here with regard to large families, "said Andrei Korotaev, head of the scientific and training laboratory for monitoring risks of socio-political destabilization of the Higher School of Economics.
“The current situation is simply nonsense for Sakhalin. Even if there are any difficulties with federal financing in the framework of investment projects, Sakhalin usually takes the initiative to provide its own financing in return, of course, subject to further settlement with the federal budget, but still. It is not surprising - the Sakhalin region has money, ”agrees Igor Melamed, director general of the Center for Regional Development. In his opinion, delays in the construction of infrastructure can be associated only “with some internal things, including the transfer of regional funds to some other objects.” “The priority of the region could not be changed in any way - the fact is certain that without the Sakhalin GRES-2 region it will be very difficult in the near future. It is clear that not only does she need social infrastructure on Sakhalin, but it is one of the highest-priority projects for the region, in particular, from the point of view of providing infrastructure, ”the expert adds.