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The Asia-Pacific Perspective
EastRussia.ru sums up the XII Krasnoyarsk Economic Forum
The key issues of KEF-2015 were Russia's cooperation with the countries of the Asia-Pacific region and import substitution. Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich, Minister of Communications and Mass Media Nikolai Nikiforov, Minister of Energy Alexander Novak, Minister of Transport Maxim Sokolov, Minister for North Caucasus Affairs Lev Kuznetsov, Minister of Construction and Housing Mikhail Myen, Assistant to the President participated in the round tables and discussion platforms RF Igor Levitin. Among the guests of the forum are the heads of 14 regions of the country, heads of state corporations and representatives of the business community.
Chinese and Singaporean investments
Russia is ready to consider China's applications for a share of over 50% in its strategic oil and gas fields, with the exception of offshore ones, Dvorkovich said. He clarified that the Russian government has not yet received requests from Chinese investors to gain control over strategic mineral deposits. “If Chinese investors claim to gain control over this or that field, we will seriously consider this issue. And I don’t see any political obstacles to getting a share of more than 50% today, ”Dvorkovich said. He added that Chinese partners are being invited as minority shareholders to develop offshore fields.
The Deputy Prime Minister said that many Chinese investors are interested in agriculture in Russia, processing of natural resources, retail, as well as transport and logistics. “I think that we are on the verge of a serious breakthrough in terms of investment, not trade cooperation,” Dvorkovich said.
Voskresensky sees the reason for the current situation in the poor awareness of Asian businessmen. “We are faced with the fact that in Asian countries they know very little about the Russian economy, we are ready to accompany foreign investors manually, help them overcome bureaucratic obstacles, and solve emerging problems,” the deputy minister said.
Within the framework of KEF-2015, the Ministry of Development of the Far East and BAOLI BITUMINA Singapore (a subsidiary company created by Chinese company JIANGSU BAOLI ASPHALT and the Danish company BITUMINA A / S) signed a memorandum of understanding in trade, economic and investment cooperation. Alexander Osipov, First Deputy Minister for Development of the Far East, and Dehun Zhou, President of the company, took part in the signing ceremony.
It is assumed that the total Singapore company BAOLI BITUMINA will invest 2,7 billion dollars in infrastructure projects in the Far East of Russia.
Within the framework of the XII Krasnoyarsk Economic Forum, a brainstorming session “What and How to Sell to Asia?” Took place, dedicated to the problems of imbalance in trade between Russia and Asian countries, the difficulties of domestic companies entering Asian markets.
During the event, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation Viktor Evtukhov said that in 2015 it is planned to sign an agreement with Vietnam on the creation of a free trade zone. According to Evtukhov, negotiations with the Vietnamese side are not easy and have been going on for more than two years. “We have exempted a large number of light industry goods from customs duties. I cannot say that the Vietnamese colleagues were as generous. For a large number of export positions, there are still long transitional periods, ”the deputy minister said.
Nevertheless, it was possible to agree on the use of other mechanisms to promote the interests of domestic business in Vietnam. First of all, we are talking about the creation of preferences for Russian companies involved in export. “Now we are developing three investment agreements related to the automotive industry, these are GAZ, SOLLERS, KAMAZ. If they are successfully implemented, our producers will be able to use a special regime not only in Vietnam, but also in all ASEAN countries, ”Yevtukhov said.
Recall that the possibility of creating a free trade zone with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is being discussed since 2012. It is assumed that a pilot project of such cooperation will begin with Vietnam and, if successfully implemented, will extend to the whole of ASEAN.
During the discussion, comparative, statistical and analytical materials on the agglomeration potential of the cities of the East of Russia were presented. On their basis, it was concluded that the development of the eastern cities of the Russian Federation in the 2013-2014 years went even more dynamically than the development of some European cities. In addition, during the discussion, experts identified specific conditions that promote the development of cities in the existing economic and political conditions.
In the general opinion of the meeting participants, Krasnoyarsk is one of the few cities in Siberia that can reasonably claim the status of a strong administrative, educational, innovation and financial center. The energy and activity of the townspeople should become an impetus for the development of an effective economy, as well as a serious incentive for people to strive to live and participate in the development of a millionaire on the Yenisei.
The main issue of brainstorming, whose main task was the development of concrete steps for the development of the East of Russia, was the choice of the sphere for investment. Among the promising areas were named small and medium-sized businesses, housing construction, education and health, production of building materials, urban improvement, local food industry.
According to expert Richard Xu, the founder of the H + agency, professor at Tongji University, investments should be made in talented citizens and improving the overall quality of life.
At the same time, the senior partner of McKinsey and Company, Jonathan Votzel, believes that work on image is of particular importance for the development of Russian cities.
“This is a very large country, and each city or region has its own face, but it needs to be advertised and promoted. And this alone will attract many foreign investors here, ”Votzel explained.
The Mayor of Yakutsk Aisen Nikolaev shared his experience of drawing attention to the city through interesting annual events. He noted that Yakutian national holiday Ysyakh, Diamond Week, New Year's Eve every year attract more and more guests and tourists from other Russian regions and from abroad.
This year, far fewer governors visited the KEF. From the regions of the Far East and Transbaikalia at the event visited only the governor of the Sakhalin region Alexander Khoroshavin and the head of the Transbaikalian region Konstantin Ilkovsky.
Talking to journalists at the KEF site, Ilkovsky told how the regional investment strategy continues to be implemented in the current difficult time. “The investment strategy of the Trans-Baikal Territory is aimed at completing by 2017 all previously started large projects. The main direction of the strategy is the development of the agro-industrial complex. In the context of the need to implement import substitution projects, in conditions when it is necessary to fully support the employment of people, including rural residents, this is the main priority, "he said, adding that the regional authorities are striving to stimulate subsidized industries, while focusing on the processing of local products. ... According to him, the potential allows increasing its share on the shelves from the current 15% to 50-60%.
“Despite a more than twofold decline in market prices for molybdenum, work has been resumed at the Bugdainskoye field, in the development of which 2,6 billion rubles of investments have been invested. At KEF we held a series of meetings dedicated to the completion of the Bystrinsky GOK. The most important problem now is the construction of a power transmission line. Mining enterprises with processing volumes of 10 million tons of ore per year will not be able to operate without sufficient, stable energy supply. And this is nearly 100 megawatts, ”Ilkovsky said.
Another important project, he said, is the gasification of the territory of the region. “In terms of implementation time, in terms of decision-making, it is perhaps the longest and most difficult. However, we consistently continue, as they say, hitting one point. We are considering a variety of options, depending on the possibilities: somewhere a pipe, somewhere natural gas, somewhere a search for local sources of hydrocarbons, ”said the head of the region.
In addition, the Naryn-Lugokan railway should become one of the landmarks of the region's development. According to Ilkovsky, "out of 375 kilometers it remains to bring 151". «Thanks to well-coordinated cooperation with the Ministry of Transport and Russian Railways, construction has been completed, and there is no doubt that in the fourth quarter, the workers' traffic on this highway will be open. And, therefore, it will be possible to start delivering all the necessary goods. The road will provide access to five deposits of non-ferrous metals, ”the governor stressed.
The Government of the Sakhalin Region is interested in this project, since its implementation will ensure the development of non-resource exports to Japan, and will also contribute to the accelerated development of the region's coal industry, the creation of new jobs, an increase in the revenues of the regional budget, and, as a result, an increase in the living standards of Sakhalin residents. “We keep this issue under constant control and regularly interact with both the federal center and our Japanese partners,” the governor emphasized. Among the prerequisites for the construction of an energy bridge between Sakhalin and Japan are the existence of an electricity shortage due to the accident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, the plans of the Japanese government to reduce electricity generation at nuclear power plants, and the availability of technical capabilities from the Russian side to start the project. The regional authorities have established a constructive dialogue on this issue with the Hokkaido Governorate.
The expansion of the Sakhalin GRES-2 to 1 MW can be considered as the second stage in the development of electricity exports to Japan. The implementation of the third stage in the long term provides for the underwater laying of two DC cable lines with a voltage of 360 kV “Materik - o. Sakhalin "in order to transfer additional capacity for export from the united energy system of the East.
In general, the project is considered as an integral part of the "Asian Super Ring", which involves the unification of the power systems of Russia, China, Mongolia, South Korea and Japan.
He also suggested holding a visiting session of the working group in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk in May-June of this year under the leadership of the Minister of Energy to coordinate further joint work of all interested parties in this direction. The Minister of Energy supported these proposals.
In addition, Khoroshavin also said that the regional authorities are counting on the implementation of two projects for the production of liquefied natural gas in Sakhalin in the next five years and intend to provide them with maximum support. We are talking about the expansion of the existing LNG plant under the Sakhalin-2 project, which already today produces about 5% of the world volume of this type of product, and a new plant called Far Eastern LNG, the construction of which is initiated by OAO NK Rosneft.
Real steps have been taken on the project to build the third line of the LNG plant within Sakhalin II. Shell and Gazprom signed a memorandum on the preparation of a package of design documentation. It is envisaged that the final decision on investment in the project will be made at the end of 2. The main question is to determine the source of gas resources. According to Alexander Khoroshavin, from the position of the regional authorities, these are the resources of the Kirinskoye and Yuzhno-Kirinskoye fields. Exploration of the Yuzhno-Kirinskoye gas condensate field has significantly increased hydrocarbon reserves. According to Gazprom's estimates, C2015 + C1 gas reserves increased by 2 billion cubic meters. m from 73 to 564 billion cubic meters. m.
As for the Far East LNG project, the planned feedstock for it are the gas reserves of the Sakhalin-1 project and the own resources of OJSC NK Rosneft on the Sakhalin shelf. The estimated capacity of the plant is 5 million tons with the prospect of expansion.
Khoroshavin stressed that the increase in the filling of the Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok gas pipeline is possible due to gas produced within the Sakhalin-3 project, which includes 4 licensed areas on the shelf of the Sea of Okhotsk: Kirinsky, Ayashsky, Vostochno-Odoptinsky and Veninsky. Currently, the reserves in these areas amount to about 125 million tons of oil and condensate and 818 billion cubic meters of gas. When the project reaches its full capacity, it will make a significant contribution to the implementation of the "Program for the creation in Eastern Siberia and the Far East of a unified system for the production, transportation of gas and gas supply, taking into account the possible export of gas to the markets of China and other countries of the Asia-Pacific region." The government of the Sakhalin Oblast pays great attention to the development of these areas.
All these projects require a significant amount of labor resources, which are not enough in the region for a number of specialties. That is why the business actively attracts migrants, using regional quotas for attracting workers from China, North and South Korea, and other countries of Southeast Asia. To date, in accordance with federal law, legal entities attracting foreign labor to work cannot have claims from the tax authorities to pay taxes. And, due to the non-fulfillment of this condition, the regional branch of the migration service may refuse to grant permission for the recruitment of foreign labor. In all other cases, entrepreneurs can benefit from attracting migrants to jobs that are not demanded by Sakhalin residents.
An interesting position of the Governor of the Sakhalin Region regarding the new development tools provided by the new law on PDAs, which is that the regional administration has not yet agreed on a plan for the development of PDAs with the Ministry for the Development of the Far East. Those projects that could be implemented on the territory of the region in the TOP mode, despite the fact that such projects were proposed in the field of agricultural processing, fish processing, cultivation of biological resources, and others were not satisfied by the selection criteria of the Ministry for the Development of the Far East. At the same time, it is not very clear how certain territories will function, which will not be controlled by regional authorities, and are regulated by separate legislation and separate regulatory norms that are in the area of responsibility of the Management Company of the Advanced Development Zone. “Our position is not stubborn and unchanging. If we consider that the development of such territories will benefit the economy of the region and will allow us to expand the list of developing projects in the production of products with high added value, then we will definitely strive to offer a number of projects for implementation in the TOP mode, ”said Horoshavin.
In the dry residue
For three working days of the Krasnoyarsk Economic Forum this year, 36 agreements were signed for a total amount of more than 213 billion rubles. They are aimed at the development of industry, telecommunications infrastructure, the training of highly qualified personnel to improve the competitiveness of enterprises.