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Aircraft manufacturers will adjust, and shipbuilders will be added

EastRussia sums up the visit of the Deputy Defense Minister to the plants in Komsomolsk-on-Amur

Aircraft manufacturers will adjust, and shipbuilders will be added

The state defense order at the Amur Shipyard may increase by two corvettes, and at the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Plant named after Gagarin can be adjusted in favor of the 4 + and 4 ++ generation fighters (Su-30 and Su-35) rather than the fifth generation (T -50). This is the result of the last working visit of the Deputy Minister of Defense Yuri Borisov, where he visited the two largest machine-building enterprises in the Far East.

In the obligations package of plants before the Ministry of Defense for 2015 year - 23 fighter, corvette and diesel submarine, which is being carried out in Komsomolsk-on-Amur repair and deep modernization. According to the general assessment of Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov, with the state defense order of this year the enterprises are on time, but if the aircraft builders help distribute the capacity utilization between military and civil orders and ensure the balance of the whole technological chain, shipbuilders can keep the company afloat while reducing the tax burden, On which the regional authorities are going.

Doubling while meeting deadlines

Two orders from the Russian Ministry of Defense are currently in operation at the Amur shipyard. The first is the repair and modernization of a diesel submarine of the Varshavyanka project, the second is two military corvettes of the project.

“The submarine is not bad at all. We have full intention to receive the submarine this year, ”Borisov said following the inspection of the shipyard. According to him, the repair with the modernization of the diesel submarine at the plant is almost completed.

“Today we see the first delivery corvette in the workshop. According to the estimates of the factory workers and representatives of the military acceptance, the readiness of the corvette is about 84,5%, which makes it possible to expect the fleet to receive this ship in 2015, "Borisov assessed the enterprise's capabilities for the construction of military ships. The first corvette was laid down at the ASZ back in June 2006 with the condition of delivery in 2013. But there were problems with the construction, since the plant signed a contract in which the cost of the warship was almost halved.

The deputy minister also noted the difficulties that have arisen in the construction of the second in order of the corvette. They are connected with the non-delivery of a number of imported components under the conditions of anti-Russian sanctions (according to some sources, we are talking about engines from Germany). However, Borisov expressed his readiness "to shift to the right the deadline for the project."

“I think the fleet will not suffer from this,” he added.

Meanwhile, the completion of shipbuilding work on the first corvette on time gives the Amur shipbuilders a chance to double the order of the Ministry of Defense - from two corvettes to four (for reference, the cost of two corvettes performed by the ASZ is about 26 billion rubles).

“We have an agreement with the factory workers: as soon as the first corvette starts state tests, we conclude a contract for the second pair of corvettes - for the third and fourth. And we will fulfill these obligations. Let the factory workers do theirs, ”Borisov said, answering journalists' questions after visiting the NEA.

The Deputy Minister of Defense also recalled the difficult situation in which the plant was located a year and a half ago: bankruptcy and possible liquidation. “It was really real, but the Ministry of Defense then met halfway, conducted an audit of prices for concluded contracts, issued an additional agreement,” he explained. “You could brush it off, transfer this project (construction of corvettes), say, to the Severnaya Verf and forget. But both the plant and the region would suffer. And who would benefit from this is unclear, ”concluded Borisov.

In February 2014, the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, General of the Army Sergei Shoigu, visited ASZ for the first time. After that, the contracts were re-signed with new cost parameters. “The plant undertook before the Ministry of Defense to release products in new terms for new money. A year has passed - and I must state that the plant basically keeps its obligations, ”said the Deputy Minister. He noted that as a result of such support in the Far East, an enterprise "which is able to build ships for the Pacific Ocean" was preserved.

According to the Governor of the Khabarovsk Territory Vyacheslav Shport, the regional authorities will continue to support the Amur shipyard and will provide maximum assistance to fulfill the state defense order on time. In particular, the company will soon be exempted from tax liabilities in the amount of 360 million rubles. “Of course, the funds will not go to the regional budget. But these measures will free the enterprise from a number of costs and focus on the most important defense order, which we will certainly fulfill, ”Shport told reporters.

“For more than two years we have been working on reducing the tax burden on the company. As a result, during this time the plant saved more than 550 million rubles. These funds were used for technical re-equipment, ”said the head of the region.

Five and four with a plus

The Deputy Defense Minister assessed the situation with military orders placed at the Komsomolsk Aviation Plant named after Gagarin (KnAAZ) even more optimistically. According to him, 2015 fighters of the 19+ generation and four aircraft of the fifth generation will be built here during 4. Already in 2016, the promising aviation complex of front-line aviation PAK FA, aka the fifth generation fighter T-50, should go into mass production.

The PAK FA / T-50 / is a fifth-generation fighter, whose serial supplies to the troops should begin in the 2016 year. According to the end of 2014, five such aircraft were assembled, three more were in the process of production. According to the United Aircraft Building Corporation, before the 2020, the Russian Air Force planned to get X-NUMX T-55 fighters.

“It is better for us to have a groundwork in the form of the PAK FA and then the opportunity to move forward, to the end squeezing all the capabilities of the 4+ fighters (we are talking about the Su-30 and Su-35),” Borisov said. He noted that KnAAZ is producing prototypes of the PAK FA, but is already ready to start mass production. “The most important thing that can be said: the plane has taken place,” the deputy minister stressed. According to him, the Ministry of Defense intended to acquire the first two aircraft in early 2016, but adjustments may be made to the state armament program.

Four PAK FA fighters for flight tests KnAAZ will supply the Defense Ministry in 2015, and until the end of the year 14 multi-purpose fighters Su-35 and 5 Su-30M2 (4 +) will also be delivered.

“We came to see how rhythmically the plant is fulfilling these plans. I must state that there are no disruptions to the production schedules, ”Borisov said after visiting the workshops of the Gagarin aircraft plant.

According to the deputy minister. The first Su-35 under the state defense order in 2015 will be received by the Russian Air Force in June. “Then we will receive two Su-35 planes every month,” Borisov said and added that the ordered planes are in the KnAAZ workshops in varying degrees of readiness.

“The mood of the plant workers is working, we are also good, because we see that the plant will cope with the plans,” the Deputy Defense Minister noted. He especially noted that the airline is very competently and systematically resolving capacity utilization issues and redistributing resources between civil and military orders (apart from fighters, KnAAZ assembles the Russian Sukhoi Superjet airliners).


JSC Amur Shipbuilding Plant (ASZ) is the largest shipbuilding enterprise in the Far East, commissioned in Komsomolsk-on-Amur in 1936. In 1992, it was privatized, now it is engaged in the construction of ships and vessels for military and civil purposes with a displacement of up to 25 thousand tons. In total, 270 ships and ships were built in the history of the plant, including 56 nuclear submarines, 41 diesel submarines, 36 surface combatants. ships, 137 civil ships. He also manufactures supporting structures and functional modules for drilling rigs. The number of employees is over 2 thousand people.

During the 2008-2009 crisis, the plant was on the verge of bankruptcy. In May 2009, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin at a meeting in Komsomolsk-on-Amur accused the private shareholders of the plant of inefficiency. In the same year, Sberbank, to which the plant owed 14 billion rubles, bought 59% of the shares from private shareholders, as reported, "for a symbolic price, which is ten times lower than the cost of a flight from Moscow to Vladivostok." After that, ASZ received state support in the amount of 1,9 billion rubles for the completion of the Nerpa nuclear submarine for the Indian Navy (transferred in 2012 with a five-year delay). In 2010, the block of shares owned by Sberbank was transferred to the United Shipbuilding Corporation, which increased its share in the ASZ to 77%. In 2011, a monitoring procedure was introduced at the plant, and in 2012 - an external management procedure. In 2014, ASZ withdrew from the external management procedure after concluding an amicable agreement with creditors. The plant's revenue for three quarters of 2014 was 4,4 billion rubles, the net loss was 186,2 million rubles.

KnAAZ them. Gagarin is a branch of OJSC "Company" Sukhoi "in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, part of the United Aircraft Corporation. In 2014, KnAAZ produced 39 units of military equipment and 35 sets for the production of the Sukhoi Superjet-100 regional aircraft. The plant provides about 50 percent of the Sukhoi holding's annual revenue, produces Su-35, Su-30M2, Su-27SM fighters and the fifth generation T-50 (PAK FA) aircraft. According to the plans of the United Aircraft Corporation, in 2015 compared to 2010, the production volume at KnAAZ should grow more than three times - mainly due to innovative technologies, investments in which will amount to 25 billion rubles / including a new assembly line aircraft T-50 and Su-35S /. In addition, the plant intended to produce up to 2015 Sukhoi Superjet-50 sets in 100.

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