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Andrei Borisov: the idea of Eurasianism is heard
State Councilor of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), a famous cultural figure, People's Artist of Russia, former Minister of Culture and Spiritual Development of Yakutia Andrei Borisov answered questions from EastRussia
- Andrey Savich, tell me, what do you think the Russian Far East is today?
- First of all, the Far East today is a variety of enclaves, each of which represents a separate wonderful world. And they are diverse both from the point of view of nature, and from the point of view of history and culture. At the same time, the Far East is, of course, a wealth of mineral resources. Only the Arctic shelf of the Far East is worth it. It can be safely asserted that in the territory of the Far East it is possible to deploy subsoil use and industry in such a scale, that behind it will be the future of Russia. And now the Far East is more than sure that it is just that the Far East will save Russia. And this is more than just confidence. One can say even more: Russia is not something that can not be saved without the Far East, our country will not be Russia as such without it. Of course, at the same time, one should realize that the Far East also has its own "problematic" territories. And first of all it is the northern territories. Extremely vulnerable due to their very small population. At the same time, the development of the Far Eastern North is all the more necessary, but also important, since Russia's security depends on it, and not on what is generally assumed from Asia. Also, in addition to what has been said, I want to note that the Far East is, in a way, the window of Russia in the Asia-Pacific region.
- In your opinion, what is the main thing in the development of the Far East?
- No matter what kind of development it is, it seems impossible without people. That is, in order for the Far East to receive proper development, it must be fully populated, and not by the Chinese, but by the Russian peoples. Well, or at least, that the peoples historically living on its territory were fixed on it. Indeed, at present, the tendency of their outflow from the Far East is quite active. A mining and production, which is now so strongly focuses attention to power, will develop immediately after the appearance of the population in the Far East in sufficient quantities. If the Far East does not begin to be actively settled, then, as they say - “there is no holy place” - other countries will inhabit it, and in accordance with their goals. And here it should immediately be noted that the settlement of a particular territory, and, that is, the Far East, entails not only that it will no longer be empty, but also the attitude of people, which is fundamentally different from that of a shift worker, which, in fact, except as a predatory one, cannot be called.
"You mentioned the Chinese." Tell me, but at the present time, in general, what is China's influence on the Far East? Are there any threats on his part?
- I clearly see how the diffusion of China in the Far East has been slowly spreading over the past 10 years. That is, another culture, psychology, atmosphere - different from the local one - penetrates our territory through the same trade. As such, China does not pursue an official policy of penetrating the Far East, but life goes on on its own. A striking example of China's penetration into the Far East is the effect produced by their Great Silk Road project. Since it is not just transport corridors. It is much more than just an economic and trade message, but also a historical and cultural one. That is, in fact, a complete set that is needed to provide a comprehensive impact on the territory of its implementation. And to the Far East as well. Therefore, it is not surprising that, as soon as the idea of this project was announced, the very same Kazakhs and Kyrgyz followed it. The population of the Far East is no exception. So, for example, among my friends there are a lot of people who are already actively engaged in writing various works of art, one way or another related to the idea of the "Great Silk Road". And it seems quite real that, just as at one time Russia was pierced by the liberal philosophy of the West, in some 25 years Chinese philosophy will do the same with Russia, and first of all with its Far East.
- Tell me, what, in your opinion, is the place of Yakutia in the Far East?
- As I have already said, the Far East as a whole is Russia's gateway to the Asia-Pacific region. And Yakutia is the first and most important link in them. As you remember, the same great Bering expedition once passed through Yakutia. And in itself, the development of the Far East began with Yakutia. And this suggests that both then and now Yakutia is a sort of central region of the Far East. It is natural: the volume reserves of oil, gas and other resources that it has so far are nowhere else. At the same time, it has a huge coastal length, which constitutes almost one third of the entire Russian coastal territory. In addition, Yakutia is one of the main components of the Northern Sea Route, which seems to be a very powerful channel if it is fully developed.
- How do you see the Far East in 50 years?
- Some time ago, there was no confidence that this period would have given much to this region of Russia, since its harsh climate and infrastructure problems must be taken into account. However, in recent years, all the activities that have been deployed there today inspire optimism. Now in a year something is happening that would have lasted 50 years without such close attention, and such work will certainly bear fruit in the near future. At the same time, one must understand that the territories close to the Pacific Ocean will be mainly developed. And, of course, Yakutia - since it is she who is nothing more than a storehouse within the framework of the development of the Far East. Yakutia is becoming a support for the entire Far East thanks to its actively developing projects related to various kinds of minerals, including such unusual ones as uranium and antimony.
- You have long been a supporter of the idea of Eurasianism. Tell us, what is the value of the Eurasian as such?
- A combination of European education, lifestyle and Asian culture. The future of Russia is possible only on condition if none other than a Eurasian is engaged in the construction of life in it. And here it should be noted that, unfortunately, Eurasianism as such is developed in Russia only beyond the Urals - in Asia. Of course, this differentiation is caused by objective factors - the fact that people beyond the Urals live directly in the Asian territory, and the fact that the influence of Eurocentrism here is weakened. It is these two factors that allow people beyond the Urals to feel fully Eurasian. As for the European part of Russia, here Eurasianism is not something that is not developed - there are only vague, theorized and divorced ideas about it. Namely, the development of the idea of Eurasianism here and its subsequent implementation will be able to lead to the fact that Eurasianism will eventually take a worthy place in Russia. There is hope for that. The statements made quite recently and the meetings held at the Eastern Economic Forum show that the idea of Eurasianism was conveyed to the maximum extent to all its participants, and they heard it.