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60 steps of integrated development
Comprehensive development plan for Komsomolsk-on-Amur - a unique scenario for solving specific problems of a specific city
Komsomolsk-on-Amur is the fourth largest city in the Russian Far East, the largest industrial center. Here, 100% of production of military and civil aircraft in the Far Eastern Federal District, 100% of sheet and long products production in the Far Eastern Federal District, 60% of petroleum products production in the Far Eastern Federal District, 48% of industrial output of the Khabarovsk Territory, 35% of those employed in the industry of the Khabarovsk Territory is concentrated.
World-class enterprises are located in the city, and top-class specialists work. At the same time, the quality of urban infrastructure clearly lags behind the level of human capital development that the city has.
In December, the President of the Russian Federation set the task of preparing and approving a comprehensive development plan for the city of Komsomolsk-on-Amur, referring to the speedy improvement of the urban and social infrastructure and the quality of life of people.
To determine the composition of the activities, a sociological survey of the population was conducted, based on the opinion of citizens. As a result, the plan formed 7 main directions: education, health care, culture and sports, the development of energy, transport, utilities infrastructure, the development of existing enterprises and the creation of new ones within the Komsomolsk ASEZ.
In total, the plan includes 60 items, including the implementation of 33 organizational measures and the creation of 27 infrastructure facilities. The total amount of funding is 62,9 billion rubles, including from the federal budget - 49,3 billion rubles, the budget of the Khabarovsk Territory - 6,5 billion rubles, extra-budgetary sources - 7,2 billion rubles. Most of the events and facilities will be implemented by 2020, 7 organizational measures and one facility, this is the repair and reconstruction of the Khabarovsk - Lidoga - Vanino highway - until 2025.
The plan provides for the construction of a kindergarten, a children's hospital complex, a school, an educational and recreational center, the creation of a multi-disciplinary university on the basis of existing educational organizations, a regional sports center with a football stadium for 5 thousand seats, the reconstruction of a drama theater, and the construction of a cancer clinic.
The plan includes energy infrastructure facilities: heat networks, gas distribution facilities, and a network distribution complex, necessary for the development of housing construction. The reconstruction of water supply and sewerage infrastructure, engineering protection of the city from floods is included. The city road network is being reconstructed, the organization of an accessible aviation communication, the organization of the movement of fast trains.
Implementation of the plan will make it possible to bring to the normative values indicators of the provision of residents of the city on social, engineering and transport infrastructure, to overcome the negative processes of outflow of the population, ensuring an increase in its number.
The plan provides for the cost of creating the infrastructure of the territory of the advanced development of Komsomolsk in the amount of 1,2 billion rubles. In this territory it is planned to develop industrial enterprises, a deep wood processing enterprise, a large factory for machining and production of parts for aircraft construction, a fish processing factory and other industries will work here.
As part of improving regulatory regulation, the residents of the territory of advanced social and economic development will be provided with the opportunity to implement regional programs to increase labor mobility. The Agency for Human Capital Development in the Far East is connected to this work.
In addition, the plan included specific measures to increase the load of Komsomolsk-on-Amur enterprises, in particular:
- The program of localization in the territory of the Komsomolsk regional enterprise for the production of components for aircraft and products in the interests of military and civil shipbuilding. The plan provides for a change in legislation and the establishment of the right of companies with state participation to place orders with residents of TOP on a long-term basis with the provision of preferences.
- The program for the development of the metallurgical enterprise of OJSC Amurmetal, including the reduction of tariffs for the railway transportation of ferrous scrap towards the Far Eastern stations.
To consolidate all available resources, the comprehensive plan affects 9 state programs of the Russian Federation, 19 ministries and departments, as well as such key state-owned companies as PJSC United Aircraft Corporation, JSC United Shipbuilding Corporation, JSC Russian Railways, JSC Oil Company Rosneft, PJSC Gazprom.
In fact, this plan is a model solution, precedent for a comprehensive solution to the problems of individual territories of the Far East. The document was developed by the Government of the Khabarovsk Territory together with the Ministry of Eastern Development and adopted in a record short time: five months have passed since the beginning of the development of the plan until the moment of its adoption.