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40 years of decay
How temporary Toki housing does not turn into a permanent
Next year, the village of Toki on the shores of the Tatar Strait, next to which the largest coal terminals of the Khabarovsk Territory are being built, is celebrating its 65 anniversary. But the anniversary will be sad, if there is no miracle. The village has one problem, but a big one. A significant part of his houses are collapsing, as they were built four decades ago as temporary housing. With letters of complaint residents of Toki over the years have overwhelmed all instances, but so far - alas, to no avail. Is not it easier to demolish half of the Toki and build a new settlement, was explored by EastRussia.
Toka's population is 2,2 thousand people, and it has not decreased much since Soviet times. Once upon a time, the village was actually inhabited by two enterprises: a railway running through here and a sawmill. With its rapid development, the highway created a part of Toki, which is still called the "station". There are comfortable five-story brick buildings. The staff of the timber processing enterprise lived in another part, and now called the "village". There were wooden houses, both apartment buildings and private ones. It was with them that the trouble happened in the fall of 1976.
That year there were great fires throughout the region. One of them eventually got to the stockpile of rocket and artillery weapons, located near Toki. Then, as they say, at the warehouse there was just a train with ammunition for unloading - fortunately, it was dismantled. The rocket engines caught fire, and behind them, the houses in the "wooden part" of Toki caught fire. The fire burned them to the ground, and of the brick buildings only the club and the kindergarten survived the fire.
Housing was restored using the method of "people's building": in just two months and workers from all over the country. "But the bar was damp, it did everything in a hurry, not by professionals. It was said as: it is temporary, 10-15 years, and then we will build brick. But last year passed already 40 years, and none of the temporary houses was relocated and was not, "- says the head of the rural settlement" Toki Settlement "Lyudmila Doronina. She heads the administration for the third year, and has been living here for 25 years.
Lyudmila Doronina knows all of her distressed houses. “12 houses stand on Green Street, one of them is brick. Tokinskaya Street - eight houses, all wooden. Street Builders - one wooden, two brick. 65 years of October - one brick, three wooden. Magadansky lane - all four wooden houses, ”the chapter lists. Thus, now in the part of Toki, called the “village”, 31 is a residential building, mainly wooden two- and three-story buildings, and only four brick houses. One-story private houses can be counted on the fingers of one hand. In the one-story building, by the way, the administration itself is also located.
Now the program of resettlement from dilapidated and emergency housing, said the head, is valid for buildings recognized as dilapidated before January 1, 2012. In Toki, under the predecessor of Ludmila Doronina, no house was recognized as an emergency. The current administration has recognized three emergency houses. Two of them were built after the fire, in 1984-1985. One - according to Tokinsky, 9 - is a typical example of housing “village”.
"At one time, residents at the" station "ordered an examination of all houses. One house of the "village" passed examination. At home "station" the conclusions were that you need a partial repair, but you can live. But the house in the "village" is unequivocally recognized as not suitable for living, "- says Lyudmila Doronina. She is sure that if you order an examination of any other wooden house in Toki, "the result will be the same." But the administration does not hurry to recognize emergency houses and the following houses: by law this means that the residents need to be resettled, and there is nowhere to move them.
The resettlement from the already recognized emergency homes should be at the expense of the federal program. The settlement formed a package of documents on three emergency houses and transferred it to the regional ministry of housing and communal services. "We are waiting for the program. At first it worked until 2016 year, but did not manage to build everything that was planned. In July 2017, the program is said to be over. We hope that one program will finish the operation, and another will start working right away. We are ready to recognize as emergency the rest of the houses. But - there are two or three people who will lodge complaints to the prosecutor's office and everyone else, and I can just be in a completely different place, "- says the head.
Meanwhile, in 2010, the settlement was included in the program of major repairs of houses. But it would be better, Lyudmila Doronina says, this did not happen. 17 houses are repaired, but problems with renovated houses, the head admits, "more than with those that the repair has not affected." "There they changed the heat and water supply systems, facing. It all looked better. But this, as the residents themselves say, as if covered in a mold covered with candy wrapped in a beautiful wrapper. Earlier, for example, between a bar and cashing was a Soviet environmentally friendly ruberoid, now - modern materials that do not allow air to pass through. The processes of destruction went even faster, "complains Lyudmila Doronina.
According to the head of Toka, the current wave of attention to the problem of the settlement is at least the third. “Unfortunately, the first two did not end with anything,” she specifies. Last time, attention to Toki was riveted thanks to businessman Ruslan Baysarov, the owner of the coal-fired heat and power plant, recalls Lyudmila Doronina. At the beginning of 2013, the entrepreneur announced that he would build a railway that would connect the Elelegest coal deposit in Tuva with the Krasnoyarsk Territory. And the path of coal in the country should end in Vanino, said Mr. Baisarov.
It is here for the transshipment of coal TPPK, the businessman announced, a terminal will be built for 15 million tons of coal per year. Site found in 65 ha for a new facility the company found just near Toki. With the existing highway, the port must connect 2 km of junction paths. Finish construction Ruslan Baisarov promised in 2015 year. But for the time being, in fact, he did not.
"This stirred up our residents. There was a hope that we will somehow improve our living conditions. Residents live in the hope that the next group will come and everything will move, "Lyudmila Doronina admits. TPPK promises to employ 500 local residents at its new terminal and invest 12 billion rubles, with stable loading to the port as if guaranteed: the mine has its own deposit. But while there is no railway to it, the port in Vanino, of course, is not needed.
In the meantime near Toki already successfully transship coal subsidiary SUEK - the terminal is in the bay Muchke, in 1,5 km from the village. Another coal terminal from 2015 is being built jointly near the village of Sakhatrans and Kolmar. "Today we are at the center of social and economic development not only of the Vanino region, but, probably, of the Khabarovsk Territory. Works on the design capacity of Daltransugol. The Free Port mode has been entered. Great. But investors come, use our roads, communications and all infrastructure. And what do they give us? "- asked the head.
Large investors, according to her, create jobs near Toki, but carry employees from both the neighboring Soviet Harbor, and from Vanino, and from the village of Zavety Ilyich. Companies and their staff can be understood: in order to live near terminals, for example, in Toki, you need not only a good salary, but at least comfortable housing. Collapsing wooden barracks under this definition clearly do not fit.
So the settlement has to solve the problems gradually and at the expense of the local budget: the administration replaced the heating systems in two houses, and began to repair roads. Over three years, 10 adjoining territories have been repaired. But the actions of the federal government to adjust the tax distribution system do not add optimism to the Toki authorities. “In 2014, the budget of the village was about 16 million rubles. But then they took away the proceeds from the lease of land and lowered the standards for personal income tax from 10% to 2%. And my budget has almost halved. In 2015, the treasury amounted to about 9 million ", - the head gives the figures. Regional co-financing for various programs is also declining, she adds.
Part of Toki needs to be rebuilt again, Ludmila Doronina is sure: “That these three houses are in danger to us. We would replace the whole "village". Why is the problem so acute? We can not find a management company for these wooden houses. For the third year we have only a service company. All systems in houses in such a state that they do not meet the needs of residents. People complain, they demand utilities to change systems. A replacement of one heat supply system in a wooden house is 1,6 million rubles. This is a major overhaul. Money from? Just collect from the residents themselves. And mostly pensioners live. Those who have incomes have long ago moved either to the “station”, or to Vanino, or to other cities of the country, ”the head reasons.
But Lyudmila Doronina responds like a real patriot to the proposal to eliminate Toki, since everything is so bad: in her opinion, the definition of "unpromising" is by no means relevant to Toki.
It remains only to wait for the money.